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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 24 min 6 sec ago

Researchers identify key mechanism by which obesity causes type 2 diabetes

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 19:20
UT Southwestern researchers have identified a major mechanism by which obesity causes type 2 diabetes, which is a common complication of being overweight that afflicts more than 30 million Americans and over 400 million people worldwide.

Immunologist focuses on initial stages of infection to fight against HIV

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 18:20
In a project funded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF, Doris Wilflingseder investigates the initial stages of infection - the time span when the immune system might still stop HIV.

Study confirms capabilities of SP Scientific’s new LyoCapsule Freeze Dryer

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 18:15
SP Scientific announces publication of an independent study evaluating their LyoCapsule Freeze Dryer for pharmaceutical product formulation and process development.

New findings offer hope for children with aggressive brain tumors

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 15:27
Findings published in Oncotarget offer new hope for children with highly aggressive brain tumors like atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and medulloblastoma.

Study uses NHS data to estimate incidence of brain injury in babies

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 15:17
New research has estimated that each year five babies in every 1,000 born in England suffer a condition or sign linked to brain injury.

Treatment of abnormal vaginal microbiota prior to embryo transfer may improve reproductive outcomes

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 13:12
High levels of two specific vaginal bacteria (Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis) serve as diagnostic markers of an abnormal vaginal microbiota that might cause impaired implantation and subsequent poor reproductive outcome.

People with autism have different reactions to odors that carry social cues

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 13:01
Autism typically involves the inability to read social cues. We most often associate this with visual difficulty in interpreting facial expression, but new research at the Weizmann Institute of Science suggests that the sense of smell may also play a central role in autism.

Invasive cells deploy a trick to squeeze through barriers

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 12:52
Invasive cells deploy a trick to break through tissues and spread to other parts of the body, researchers report.

MS patients who adhere to medication schedules have better physical outcomes

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 12:43
Researchers examined the insurance claims and medical records of 681 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and found those who adhered to medication schedules had significantly better physical outcomes than patients who did not, although the total overall costs for their care were higher.

Mothers of teenagers with ASD report higher levels of negative psychological symptoms

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 12:38
Anyone who has ever survived being a teenager should be well aware that parenting a teenager can be no easy feat. But factor in a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID), and you'll likely have the recipe for a unique set of challenges to the entire family unit.

Garlic compound can combat robust bacteria in patients with chronic infections

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 11:45
An active sulphurous compound found in garlic can be used to fight robust bacteria in patients with chronic infections, a new study from the University of Copenhagen indicates.

Study provides insight into adaptive evolution of common cold viruses

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 11:34
Common cold season is back, which has people wondering why we catch the same virus, year after year. Why don't we ever develop immunity against the common cold? Professor Pierre Talbot at INRS has known about the incredible variability of coronaviruses for some time.

Study highlights overlooked impact of sugar-sweetened beverages on oral health

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 09:49
The latest Australian research to look at sugar-sweetened beverage consumption reveals one in seven adolescents is drinking more than two cups a day, and is two to three times more likely to have oral health problems than those who do not drink sweetened beverages.

Origami-inspired artificial muscles can lift 1,000 times their weight

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 09:18
Soft robots that are incredibly light and foldable and can lift weights that are over 1,000 times their own weight and these are also cheap and easy to make costing less than a dollar in making charges.

Study unveils new immunotherapeutic target against multiple myeloma

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 09:15
Osaka - In recent decades monoclonal antibody-based treatment of cancer has been established as one of the most successful therapeutic strategies for both solid tumors and blood cancers.

Treatment with endogenous protein can heal scarring in the lungs

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 09:08
The endogenous protein RAGE, which has usually been negatively associated with chronic inflammation and diabetic complications, plays a major role in the repair of DNA damage - and also appears to heal tissue damaged as a result of accelerated cell senescence.

People with genetic predisposition to later puberty have lower bone mineral density

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 08:44
People whose genetic makeup triggers a later-than-average start to puberty have lower bone mineral density, especially in their lower spine. Because adolescence is a critical period for accruing bone, this effect may increase a person's risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures later in life.

Researchers discover critical trigger for leading form of vision loss

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 08:30
In a major step forward in the battle against macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss among the elderly, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a critical trigger for the damaging inflammation that ultimately robs millions of their sight.

Study links proposed tax policies to income inequality and death rates in the U.S.

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 08:25
The income gap between the rich and poor in the United States has reached its highest levels since the Great Depression. Given past evidence that a wider rich-poor gap can be harmful to a population's health, tax policies that widen or narrow this gap may influence the overall health of a society.

Researchers explore new method of destroying tumor cells

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 08:15
Researchers from Lomonosov MSU Faculty of Biology have studied the stages of entosis, a process of cell death when one cell invades the other and gets digested inside of it. Entosis could become a new method of destroying cancer cells.