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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 32 min 4 sec ago

Low-income women in Texas are not receiving contraception after childbirth, study shows

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 11:52
Low-income women in Texas who have delivered a baby are not getting the contraception they want at their six-week postpartum visit, a new study from the Texas Policy Evaluation Project shows.

DHEA therapy may help prevent bone loss and increase muscle mass in older women

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 11:42
Women 55 and older have an increased risk of bone and muscle loss but therapy with the hormone Dehydroepiandrosterone may help prevent bone loss and increase muscle mass in older women, according to a new study led by Catherine M. Jankowski, PhD, FACSM, an exercise physiologist and associate professor at the University of Colorado College of Nursing at the Anschutz Medical Campus.

'Wrong' connective tissue cells linked to worse prognosis in breast cancer patients

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 11:40
In certain forms of cancer, connective tissue forms around and within the tumor. One previously unproven theory is that there are several different types of connective tissue cells with different functions, which affect the development of the tumor in different ways.

Spaceflight does not compromise major part of the immune system, shows research

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 11:13
With a new crew arriving at the International Space Station, astronauts will be relieved to know that they won't have to worry about a major aspect of their immune system being compromised.

Study: Interactions of microbes in gastrointestinal system have large effects on health

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 11:02
The interactions that take place between the species of microbes living in the gastrointestinal system often have large and unpredicted effects on health, according to new work from a team led by Carnegie's Will Ludington.

New vaccine candidate for Zika virus proves to be effective in mice and monkeys

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 10:52
Researchers at the University of Hawaii medical school have successfully developed a vaccine candidate for the Zika virus, showing that it is effective in protecting both mice and monkeys from the infection.

Maryland researchers receive grant to study the brain-to-gut connection in schizophrenia

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 10:47
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Maryland Psychiatric Center and Institute for Genome Sciences, along with researchers at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, have been awarded a collaborative five-year $1.78 million grant to study the brain-to-gut connection in schizophrenia.

Study highlights potential risks of lead exposure from ‘non-traditional’ sources

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 10:19
The study by Paromita Hore, PhD, MPH, and colleagues at the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene highlights the potential risks of lead exposure from "non-traditional" sources, even as US population blood levels continue to decline.

Fish oil does not increase perioperative bleeding in surgery patients

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 10:08
A new study published in Circulation showed that fish oil -- which contains the omega-3s EPA and DHA -- did not increase perioperative bleeding in surgery patients. In fact, higher blood omega-3 levels were associated with lower risk of bleeding.

Cancer cells could be detected irrespective of site and type using simple test

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 09:34
Australian researchers have found that cells containing cancer could soon be detected using a simple test. The test could one day change how cancers are diagnosed, the team says. The results of the study to develop the test were published in the journal Nature Communications.

Study identifies new potential target for treating major common diseases

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 08:31
There is a large, untapped potential for developing drugs against cancer, fibrosis and cardiovascular diseases by targeting a family of receptors known as Frizzleds, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden believe. In a new study published in Science Signaling, they identify how these receptors are activated in the cell membrane and the processes that are then triggered within the cell.

Pediatric firearm injury survivors have increased long-term mortality, finds study

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 08:28
Children and adolescents who survive assault, including by firearm, have increased long-term mortality compared to those who survive unintentional, nonviolent trauma.

Single workout can improve metabolism for up to 2 days

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 08:23
Lounging around all weekend may weigh heavy on the minds of the health conscious. But these sedentary stretches may not affect the waistline, provided they're preceded by a bit of exercise.

New study supports use of ZnO nanoparticles in sunscreens

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 01:23
Zinc oxide has long been recognized as an effective sunscreen agent. However, there have been calls for sunscreens containing ZnO nanoparticles to be banned because of potential toxicity and the need for caution in the absence of safety data in humans.

Cell phones could be a source of toxic chemicals, suggests study

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 01:18
Cell phones - much has been written about their detrimental effects on attention spans, stress levels and dinner table conversations. People are in constant contact with their cell phones at all hours of the day.

Combining toxic herbicide with sugar-binding proteins may trigger Parkinsonism

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 01:11
Combining low doses of a toxic herbicide with sugar-binding proteins called lectins may trigger Parkinsonism -- symptoms typical of Parkinson's disease like body tremors and slowing of body motions -- after the toxin travels from the stomach to the brain.

Advances in gene therapy for inherited blood disorders

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 01:07
Gene therapy holds a lot of promise in medicine. If we could safely alter our own DNA, we might eliminate diseases our ancestors passed down to us.

Study of infrequent cannabis users compares adverse effects of vaping and smoking

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 01:02
In a small study of infrequent cannabis users, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have shown that, compared with smoking cannabis, vaping it increased the rate of short-term anxiety, paranoia, memory loss and distraction when doses were the same.

Proton pump inhibitors in combination with oral anticoagulants reduce GI bleeding risk

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 00:55
A Vanderbilt University Medical Centerstudy published today in JAMA shows that patients already at higher risk for gastrointestinal bleeding gain a marked protection from this risk when they take a proton pump inhibitor in combination with an oral anticoagulant.

Gene that allows you eat as much as you want could help combat obesity

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 00:48
It sounds too good to be true, but a novel approach that might allow you to eat as much food as you want without gaining weight could be a reality in the near future.