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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 13 min 26 sec ago

Self-control in childhood may help set people up for healthy midlife aging

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 05:33
Self-control, the ability to contain one's own thoughts, feelings and behaviors, and to work toward goals with a plan, is one of the personality traits that makes a child ready for school. And, it turns out, ready for life as well.

Researchers apply AI to help physicians customize treatments for patients with oral cancers

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 05:25
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and partners in the United States and India are applying the investigative and predictive capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) to help physicians customize treatments for patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas.

Thyroid cancer linked to in-utero exposures, study shows

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 05:02
A recent study by prof. Tone Bjørge, University of Bergen, and her team shows that thyroid cancer is related to in-utero exposures.

Debilitating gastrointestinal symptoms could be controlled with diet and lifestyle modifications

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 04:58
Findings from the Nurses' Health Study, one of the longest running studies of women's health, show that five diet and lifestyle factors, including regular exercise, can make a significant impact on gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) or heartburn symptoms.

Researchers discover new metabolic vulnerability in a highly aggressive form of lung cancer

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 04:51
Researchers at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) have discovered a new metabolic vulnerability in a highly aggressive form of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Inhibition of blood clotting factor reduces the formation of brain metastases in mice

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 04:38
Brain metastases can only develop if cancer cells first exit the fine blood vessels and enter into the brain tissue.

Repeated ketamine infusions may be a promising treatment for PTSD patients

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 00:21
Repeated intravenous (IV) ketamine infusions significantly reduce symptom severity in individuals with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the improvement is rapid and maintained for several weeks afterwards, according to a study conducted by researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

SARS-CoV-2 infected alveolar type-II lung cells show senescence

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 00:18
Using monoclonal antibodies against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein and senescent markers, researchers provide evidence that virus-infected lung cells acquire characteristics of cellular senescence, which also leads to expression of proinflammatory cytokines.

Increased pollen counts may trigger symptom flares in patients with urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 00:15
As anyone living with hay fever can attest, days with high pollen counts can bring attacks of sneezing, nasal congestion and other allergy symptoms.

Heat treatment during chemotherapy is more effective at destroying cancer cells

Wed, 01/06/2021 - 00:11
Heating up cancer cells while targeting them with chemotherapy is a highly effective way of killing them, according to a new study led by UCL researchers.

Could asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 screening in dental practices help prevent silent transmission?

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 23:16
Researchers conducted a mass, asymptomatic screening of patients in dental surgeries across Scotland to assess illustrate its potential utility in curbing silent transmission.

Copper surfaces can inactivate SARS-CoV-2 in as little as one minute, study finds

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 23:11
A new study by researchers at the University of Southampton, UK, has found that SARS-CoV-2 can inactivate on copper surfaces in as little as 1 minute. This is faster than the findings of previous studies in which it took as much as 4 hours before the virus was inactivated.

Can interregional travel restrictions curb SARS-CoV-2 transmission?

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 21:00
A study led by Dr. Keisuke Kondo at the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan, has recently developed a mathematical model to investigate the impacts of interregional mobility restriction on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

Researchers develop new COVID-19 RNA test that produces fast and accurate results

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 18:56
The researchers believe their method could deliver a test that is not only fast but also sufficiently sensitive. The test does not require samples to be treated at high temperatures, and it can be performed using standard laboratory equipment, making it readily deployable.

Middle-aged adults with comorbidities high-risk category for COVID-19-related mortality in Mexican study

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 17:58
Researchers from Mexico demonstrate how they calculated age-stratified COVID-19 case fatality rates, years of life lost (YLL), and relative risk for 9 comorbidities and 23 comorbidity combinations in a retrospective study.

Researchers develop detailed map of protein-protein interactions between SARS-CoV-2 and the host

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 17:08
By conducting a state-of-the-art interactome study between SARS-CoV-2 and host cells, researchers from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston identified 437 human proteins as the high-confidence interacting proteins – with substantial implications for understanding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pathology and potential treatments.

Neuroscientists track gene expression to gain insights into drug addiction, Parkinson's disease

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 10:21
Two MIT neuroscientists have received grants from the G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Foundation to screen for genes that could help brain cells withstand Parkinson's disease and to map how gene expression changes in the brain in response to drugs of abuse.

Genetic risk score can be used to determine risk of developing prostate cancer

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 10:14
Some racial and ethnic groups suffer relatively more often, and fare worse, from common ailments compared to others. Prostate cancer is one disease where such health disparities occur: risk for the disease is about 75 percent higher, and prostate cancer is more than twice as deadly, in Blacks compared to whites.

Prolactin triggers male refractory period, indicates study

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 09:54
If you type into a search engine - "why do men have to wait before having sex again?" - you will very quickly come across Prolactin. This little hormone is thought to be involved in hundreds of physiological processes in the body. Among them is the male post-ejaculatory refractory period. This period begins when a male ejaculates and ends when he recovers his sexual capacity.

Study describes physician experiences with online harassment

Tue, 01/05/2021 - 07:10
While many physicians benefit from social media by networking with potential collaborators or interfacing with patients, a new study from Northwestern University and the University of Chicago found many physicians also report being sexually harassed and personally attacked on these platforms on the basis of their religion, race or medical recommendations.