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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 38 sec ago

Counting helps infants relate things to numbers

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 03:52
Infants and animals are able to understand approximate quantities of different types, in terms of relative proportions of the numbers of different sets of objects, provided the difference in numbers is large. This is represented by approximate number systems (ANS) in a rough way.

Discovery of causal link between hydrogen sulfide and schizophrenia

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 03:34
Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Brain Science in Japan have found certain chemical markers that are associated with schizophrenia. They worked with lab mice with models of schizophrenia as well as post mortem brain specimens of persons with schizophrenia. The study titled, “Excess hydrogen sulfide and polysulfides production underlies a schizophrenia pathophysiology,” was published in the latest issue of the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine.

Sugar-sweetened acidic drinks linked to obesity and tooth wear among adults

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 02:00
A new study published today in the journal Clinical Oral Investigations, has found that sugar-sweetened acidic drinks, such as soft drinks, is the common factor between obesity and tooth wear among adults.

Work in progress on medicine for treatment of ulcerative colitis

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 01:52
IKBFU center for clinical research scientists have participated in the international VARSITY clinical research. It's the world's first research aimed at finding the most effective drug among anti-inflammatory ones for the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

Some types of proteins can stabilize damaged DNA

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 01:42
At the University of Copenhagen, researchers have discovered how some types of proteins stabilize damaged DNA and thereby preserve DNA function and integrity. This new finding also explains why people with inborn or acquired defects in certain proteins cannot keep their DNA stable and develop diseases such as cancer.

Eating one avocado a day associated with lower levels of LDL

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 01:31
Move over, apples -- new research from Penn State suggests that eating one avocado a day may help keep "bad cholesterol" at bay.

New diagnostic technique enables grading of tumor consistency using MRI

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 00:54
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have developed a new diagnostic technique which enables the grading of tumor consistency using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The researchers used an imaging technique known as tomoelastography to visualize the mechanical properties of liver tumors.

Borderline personality disorder may contribute to heart attack among middle-aged adults

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 00:32
Middle-aged adults who show symptoms of borderline personality disorder may be at greater risk for a heart attack, as they show physical signs of worsening cardiovascular health more than other adults, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Gait disorders can help predict future cognitive decline

Tue, 10/29/2019 - 00:02
The way people walk is an indicator of how much their brains, as well as their bodies, are aging. Scientists reporting in a special supplement to the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease say that gait disorders, particularly slowing gait, should be considered a marker of future cognitive decline.

New research may contribute to diagnostics of cancer

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 23:40
A team of researchers from the Institute of Materials Science at Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania together with colleagues from Japan and Latvia came up with a method that forces over 300 million metal nanoparticles to self-assemble into regular structures, which enhance their interaction with light by orders of magnitude.

Cancer drug may delay progression of bone and other myeloma-related organ damage

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 23:30
The largest randomized trial in asymptomatic patients with smoldering multiple myeloma suggests that lenalidomide, a cancer drug, may delay the onset of bone and other myeloma-related organ damage.

Older people with Down syndrome at higher risk for Alzheimer's disease, dementia

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 23:21
A study of Wisconsin Medicaid enrollees with Down syndrome has found that more than half of those ages 55 and older have filed at least three claims for dementia and nearly a third have filed at least three claims for Alzheimer's disease.

3D-printed cell traps help researchers remove the hay to expose cancer cells

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 23:10
Finding a handful of cancer cells hiding among billions of blood cells in a patient sample can be like finding a needle in a haystack. In a new approach enabled by 3D-printed cell traps, researchers are removing the hay to expose the cancer cells.

Drugs can be safely delivered to cancerous lymph nodes using sound waves

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 22:49
Drugs can be safely delivered to cancerous lymph nodes via the lymphatic system and then released inside the nodes using sound waves. Tohoku University researchers tested the treatment on mice with metastatic breast cancer and published their findings in the journal Scientific Reports.

MPST enzyme levels in hair could be a good biomarker for schizophrenia

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 22:35
Working with model mice, post-mortem human brains, and people with schizophrenia, researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science in Japan have discovered that a subtype of schizophrenia is related to abnormally high levels hydrogen sulfide in the brain.

Molecular mechanisms involved in Pixantrone's interactions with cancer DNA discovered

Mon, 10/28/2019 - 22:22
Recently, a drug named Pixantrone (PIX) was developed, which is far less damaging to the heart than previous, less advanced compounds. PIX is now used to treat cancers including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukaemia, but a detailed knowledge of the molecular processes it uses to destroy cancer cells has been lacking so far.