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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 29 min 16 sec ago

Psychopathy associated with robust alterations in expression of genes, study shows

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 12:14
The expression of many genes that have previously been associated with autism is abnormal also in violent psychopathy, a new study shows.

Nerve cells aid in the spread of pancreatic cancer, study reveals

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 12:11
A couple of molecules that nerve cells use to grow during development could help explain why the most common pancreatic cancers are so difficult to contain and for patients to survive, a new study led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers suggests.

Study shows even untrained older individuals can benefit from resistance exercises

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 12:03
Older people who have never taken part in sustained exercise programmes have the same ability to build muscle mass as highly trained master athletes of a similar age, according to new research at the University of Birmingham.

Fast food may be a prime culprit in teenage depression

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 10:58
Why is depression such a growing problem among teenagers in America? One answer is the kind of food they eat, according to a new study by researchers at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

“Mini Brains” in the lab show electrical activity similar to a preemie’s brain

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 09:04
Researchers have developed successfully mini brains in the labs which are essentially a cluster of brain cells perfused in fluids. These brain tissues are now showing electrical activity akin to real brain, explain the researchers and this is a path-breaking development in brain research.

White matter influences how people respond to non-invasive electrical brain stimulation

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 08:40
Tiny changes in the microscopic structure of the human brain may affect how patients respond to an emerging therapy for neurological problems.

Health warnings on individual cigarettes could play a role in reducing smoking

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 08:32
Health warnings printed on individual cigarettes could play a key role in reducing smoking, according to new research from the University of Stirling.

Partitioned portions can help increase vegetable consumption

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 08:20
Not eating your fruits and vegetables can have serious health consequences, from obesity to macular degeneration. And many Americans, even those who have easy access to these healthy foods, stubbornly resist eating them.

Red wine could benefit gut bacteria finds study

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 04:04
There are innumerable studies that outline the ill effects of consumption of alcohol. Intake of alcohol is associated with rising risk of several diseases including liver disease, cancers and heart disease. However a new study has revealed that a glass of red wine each day could be beneficial for the gut microbiome of humans.

Cigarette smoking has fallen by a quarter since 2011 says report

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 03:50
Between 2011 and 2018 consumption of cigarettes has dropped by almost a quarter says a new study that compared sales data and also performed a survey. This translates into a drop of around 1.5 billion cigarettes a year says the study. Researchers from University College London published their study titled, “Comparison of Trends in Self-reported Cigarette Consumption and Sales in England, 2011 to 2018,” in the latest issue of JAMA Network Open this month.

Study findings raise new concerns about vulnerability of preterm brain to hypoxia

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 03:29
Nearly 15 million babies are born prematurely, or before 37 weeks of pregnancy, around the world each year. When born too early, a baby's immature respiratory center in the brain often fails to signal it to breathe, resulting in low oxygen levels, or hypoxia, in the brain.

Study opens up new ways to understand the cause of chronic viral arthritis

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 03:19
Since chikungunya virus emerged in the Americas in 2013, it has infected millions of people, causing fever, headache, rash, and muscle and joint pain.

Exploring the impact of the gut bacteria on gut health

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 03:03
Why do certain gastrointestinal bacteria cause disease in some people but not others? What are the underlying mechanisms responsible for this? These questions are now being addressed by a new Emmy Noether Independent Junior Research Group at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

'Lab on a chip' technology may help find new treatments for NAFLD

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:55
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease--the accumulation of liver fat in people who drink little or no alcohol--is increasingly common around the world, and in the United States, it affects between 30 and 40 percent of adults.

Researchers discover unique biological marker for rare autoimmune disease

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:45
University of Alberta researchers have identified a unique biological marker that can be used to identify the presence of the rare autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis, predict the course of the disease and identify new, personalized treatments.

Study gives insight into how immunotherapies may be delivered directly to brain tumors

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:41
A new study gives insight into how immunotherapies, treatments that help the body's immune system fight cancer, might one day be delivered directly to the brain in order to treat brain tumors.

Adults with cerebral palsy twice as likely to develop cardiovascular, chronic respiratory diseases

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:27
Adults with cerebral palsy are about twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease and chronic respiratory disease compared to adults without cerebral palsy, according to a new study led by RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) and Brunel University London.

New drug shows promise to improve effects of psychological treatment for PTSD

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:16
A medication that boosts the body's own cannabis-like substances, endocannabinoids, shows promise to help the brain un-learn fear memories when these are no longer meaningful.

Study investigates link between social cognition and fatigue, mood in multiple sclerosis

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:10
A recent study by Kessler Foundation researchers linked the deficits in social cognition in multiple sclerosis with symptoms in other domains.

New model system uses red blood cells to study malaria invasion

Fri, 08/30/2019 - 02:03
Researchers at the University of Bristol and Imperial College London have established a new model system that uses red blood cells grown in the laboratory to study how malaria parasites invade red blood cells.

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