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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 17 min 46 sec ago

Mutations in novel coronavirus make it more dangerous

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:47
A new report published on the preprint server medRxiv in April 2020 reveals that the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 shows the presence of new mutations acquired within infected human cases, which significantly increase its ability to cause human disease.

ACE2-TMPRSS2 profiling indicates tissue vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 infection

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:36
A new study published in April 2020 on the preprint server bioRxiv reports that the different levels of susceptibility of various organs to viral attack by the SARS-CoV-2 virus causing the huge pandemic of COVID-19 sweeping around the world can be predicted from the level of expression of two molecules, the ACE2 receptor, and the TMPRSS2 protein.

New review confirms effectiveness of MMR, MMRV and MMR+V vaccines

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:27
New evidence published in the Cochrane Library today finds MMR, MMRV and MMR+V vaccines are effective and that they are not associated with increased risk of autism.

Do ACE inhibitors increase SARS-CoV-2 binding to ACE2?

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:25
The COVID-19 pandemic has forced clinicians and academicians to intensive research to find evidence for many conventional therapies. A new round-up editorial published in the journal Cardiovascular Research in April 2020 summarizes the current clinical grounds for and against the use of the commonly used angiotensin axis inhibitors in patients with COVID-19.

Attitudes towards vaccination vary significantly across Europe

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:04
Researchers in France have reported findings resulting from a web-based survey called Vaccinoscopie 2019 that asked 1,500 parents across five European countries how they feel about and what they know about vaccination.

Study explores mental health preparedness among youth in foster care

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 06:03
An estimated 25,000 to 28,000 youth transition out of foster care each year in the United States. In a new study, interviews with hundreds of 17-year-olds in the California foster care system reveal not only elevated mental health counseling and medication use, but also that youth with indicated mental health needs feel less prepared to manage their mental health.

Antibody detection for COVID-19 - promise and risks

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 05:39
Recently, several research groups emphasized how the pervasive screening for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies may prove pivotal in determining infection seroprevalence in a given population defining previous exposure, screening health care workers, but also identifying highly reactive individuals that may act as donors for the therapeutic use of their convalescent serum.

CRISPR technology mobilized for rapid COVID-19 diagnosis

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 05:10
A group of authors from the United States published a study in the scientific journal Nature Biotechnology in which they have described a CRISPR-Cas-based approach for rapid and accurate diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection – without the need for complex laboratory infrastructure.

Scientists discover an earlier origin to human language pathway in the brain

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 04:33
Scientists have discovered an earlier origin to the human language pathway in the brain, pushing back its evolutionary origin by at least 20 million years.

COVID-19 lung injury is not like high altitude pulmonary edema

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 04:28
A group of researchers with experience in treating high altitude pulmonary edema have written to correct the misconception in medical social media forums and elsewhere that the lung injury seen in COVID-19 is not like typical acute respiratory distress syndrome and is instead like HAPE.

Food insecurity in Vermont increased 33% during coronavirus pandemic, survey reveals

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 04:22
Food insecurity in Vermont has increased by one-third during the coronavirus pandemic, from 18.3% to 24.3%, according to a statewide survey conducted by the University of Vermont at the end of March and announced in a series of briefs today.

Analysis reveals cocktail of pharmaceuticals in the waters of Bangladesh

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 04:00
In spring of 2019, researchers set out to investigate what chemicals could be found in the waters of Bangladesh.

Using genome-wide CRISPR technology to identify leukemia's weakness

Tue, 04/21/2020 - 03:52
A team of researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center used CRISPR technology to identify key regulators of aggressive chronic myeloid leukemia, a type of cancer that remains difficult to treat and is marked by frequent relapse.

Male-female cardiac repair differences found in heart failure survival after heart attack

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 23:11
The short-term acute inflammatory response triggered to mend injured cardiac tissue following a heart attack can lead to weakening of the heart's pumping function if the inflammation remains active over the long-term.

Type 2 diabetics secrete too much glucagon when α-cells become insulin resistant

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:53
Patients with type 2 diabetes secrete not only too little insulin but also too much glucagon, which contributes to poor blood glucose control.

Study: 40% of women who suffer postpartum psychosis do not become ill again

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:47
A new research result from iPSYCH shows that forty per cent of the women who suffer a psychosis after giving birth - known as postpartum psychosis - do not subsequently become ill again.

Study reveals new therapeutic options for multiple sclerosis

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:40
Multiple sclerosis is known as "the disease with a thousand faces" because symptoms and progression can vary dramatically from patient to patient.

Restrictive healthcare policies may delay diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:13
The introduction of policies that restrict healthcare access for visitors and migrants not entitled to free NHS care may be associated with delays in diagnosis and treatment for patients with tuberculosis (TB) who were not born in the UK, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health.

A new combinatorial therapy for treatment of liver cancer

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:07
In the latest issue of Molecular Therapy, Skoltech and MIT researchers have published a new combinatorial therapy for the treatment of liver cancer.

Racial and ethnic differences found in pain management of minority children

Mon, 04/20/2020 - 22:03
Pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking emergency department care, yet is often poorly assessed and treated.