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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 33 min 42 sec ago

Leukemia Immune profiles anticipates drug resistance and positive responses to immunotherapy

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 11:29
By analyzing 442 samples from three groups of children and adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), researchers have identified new immune classes of the disease that predict the likelihood of drug resistance and positive responses to immunotherapy.

Precautions for intimacy, sex, during COVID-19

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:55
Amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, safe sex practices are as important as other measures to prevent infection. Little focus has been given to sexual health, but a new study highlights how couples can reduce the transmission of the novel coronavirus.

Study may pave for new therapeutic approaches for Parkinson's disease

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:47
Researchers have uncovered a link between the structure of the protein alpha-synuclein and its likelihood to misfold and aggregate.

Study highlights increased consumption of opioids in patients with osteoarthritis

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:40
Fentanyl, tramadol or tilidine: New European figures show that even in Europe increasingly more people are taking opioids for pain connected with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases.

Experts debate over future Parkinson’s disease trial involving growth factors

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:31
Growth factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were initially thought to be exciting new treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD), but trials have been disappointing.

WHO resumes hydroxychloroquine drug trial in COVID-19

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:14
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has rippled across the world with a devastating effect. As scientists raced to find an effective treatment for patients, existing malaria and rheumatoid arthritis drug hydroxychloroquine became one of the most popular candidates.

New analysis supports first-line stereotactic radiosurgery for small cell lung cancer

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 10:08
The international First-line Radiosurgery for Small-Cell Lung Cancer (FIRE-SCLC) analysis led by University of Colorado Cancer Center researchers and published today in JAMA Oncology details clinical outcomes for 710 patients with brain metastases from small cell lung cancer treated with first-line stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), without prior treatment with whole-brain radiation (WBRT) or prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI).

U.K. doctors test lipid ibuprofen as COVID-19 treatment

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 09:20
The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) Ibuprofen is being tested as a potential treatment for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Doctors in the United Kingdom rolled out a clinical trial of the everyday painkiller to see if it reduces respiratory failure in patients experiencing severe COVID-19 disease.

A SARS-CoV-2 antibody magnetic immuno-detection test

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 08:53
A new report, released on the preprint server bioRxiv by researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, describes the development of an innovative serologic test that could provide a fast, easy, and inexpensive method of detecting high titers of antibody in the serum of SARS-CoV-2 infected people.

Designing a prototype spike protein vaccine for SARS-CoV-2

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 08:34
A recent study published on the preprint server bioRxiv in June 2020 reports the development of a prototype vaccine containing multiple antigenic sites, based on the spike protein of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that is causing the current COVID-19 pandemic. If successful, this could lead to the development of an effective, non-allergenic vaccine that induces both humoral and cellular immunity.

Comparing genomes to understand how mutations affect the COVID-19 pandemic

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 08:12
Now, a new study by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Center for Computational Biology, Flatiron Institute and published online on the bioRxiv preprint server describes how the use of comparative genomics helps to identify protein-coding and non-coding functional genes.

SARS-CoV-2 gene deletions may cause milder infections and increase human-to-human transmission

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 07:32
In their recent paper released on the bioRxiv preprint server, a research group from Spain demonstrated how genome changes and deletions in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) could represent a strategy of natural selection used for lessening the impact of infection in order to increase viral transmission potential.

Malaria risk in deforestation hotspots linked to demand for agricultural commodities

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 06:54
A paper recently published in Nature Communications is the first to show a connection between demand from certain developed countries for agricultural commodities and the growing risk of malaria in the countries that supply those goods.

Alpaca-derived antiviral agent neutralizes SARS-CoV-2

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 06:53
Researchers at Karolinska University Hospital and the University of Cape Town have identified an antibody fragment that targets the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein and potently neutralizes the virus.

HPV vaccines that work in the U.S. may not be effective in protecting other populations of women

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 06:44
A research team at Dartmouth's and Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center has found that the same vaccination programs that target human papillomavirus (hrHPV) strains in the United States may not be as effective in protecting other populations of women from the disease.

UIC Center for Alcohol Research in Epigenetics receives $8.2 million NIH grant

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 06:30
The University of Illinois at Chicago received $8.2 million from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to continue the Center for Alcohol Research in Epigenetics and its research on how alcohol affects genes through epigenetics -- chemical changes to DNA, RNA or proteins that alter the expression of genes without directly modifying them.

Universal preoperative screening of pediatric patients for COVID-19 improves safety

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 06:01
Universally screening pediatric patients for COVID-19 before they undergo surgical procedures has allowed hospitals to improve safety by identifying all patients who test positive for the virus, half of whom have no symptoms, according to new research led by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

New insights into how parenteral oil emulsions prevent liver disease in preterm babies

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 05:34
Infants born prematurely may require parenteral or intravenous nutrition to provide the necessary nourishment, as their digestive system is immature and cannot digest nutrients.

New research focuses on protein-coding gene's role in inflammatory bowel disease

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 05:16
A protein-coding gene associated with autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, will be the focus of new research in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside.

Potential new immunotherapy for critical COVID-19

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 05:13
Researchers at the Chongqing Medical University in China have identified a cytokine that could serve as a potential candidate for treating patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).