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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 58 min 34 sec ago

High altitude may act as a protective factor against COVID-19

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 07:21
The analysis by researchers from Spain and Peru reveals that high altitude confers significant protection from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infection and death – independent of the distance from the pandemic epicenter, population density, or poverty levels. The study is currently available on the medRxiv preprint server.

Study finds predictive factors for laser treatment success in patients with glaucoma

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 07:14
More than 70 million people worldwide suffer from glaucoma, a condition that causes a build-up of fluid and pressure inside the eye and can eventually lead to blindness.

Eosinophils contribute to antiviral host defense mechanisms during influenza

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:48
Eosinophils residing in the airways of mice respond to influenza A virus infection through alterations in surface expression of various markers necessary for migration and cellular immunity responses, according to research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology by researchers from Le Bonheur Children's Hospital and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

Study reveals changes in transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 due to D614G spike mutation

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:45
A recent research endeavor from the UK, currently available on the medRxiv preprint server, indicates that spike 614G variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) increases in frequency relative to 614D variant in a selective advantage manner – but without higher coronavirus disease (COVID-19) mortality rates.

A combination of silk scaffolds and magnetism for regenerating bone tissue

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:32
The journal Materialia has recently published the outcome of a piece of research conducted by a group of researchers comprising several from the Department of Physical Chemistry at the UPV-EHU's Faculty of Science and Technology and BCMaterials, and others from centres at the University of Minho (Portugal).

Medicare Part D insurance plans largely favor generics over brand-name drugs

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:14
Contrary to previous media reports, a new study led by Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers finds that Medicare Part D prescription drug insurance plans largely favor generic drugs over brand-name counterparts.

A SARS-CoV-2 assay using plant proteins

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:09
Researchers in South Africa have developed a serological assay that readily detects antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using recombinant viral proteins produced in plants.

Warming climate in Southern California may increase risk of West Nile outbreaks

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:07
As climate change brings hotter weather to Southern California, coastal populations from San Diego to Santa Barbara may face an increased risk of contracting West Nile virus and other mosquito-borne diseases, suggests a new study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.

Researchers discover how to activate brown fat in humans

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 06:00
The receptor responsible for activating the energy-burning property of brown fat in humans has been identified.

Evidence for antibody longevity in COVID-19 patients

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 05:36
A study led by researchers at the University of Toronto, Canada, has found evidence that immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are sustained for at least three months.

NIH-Moderna investigational vaccine protects mice from infection with SARS-CoV-2

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 05:36
The investigational vaccine known as mRNA-1273 protected mice from infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, according to research published today in Nature.

Bisphosphonates may be safe and beneficial for osteoarthritis patients

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 23:21
Bisphosphonates (a class of drugs that prevent the loss of bone density and used to treat osteoporosis and similar diseases) appear to be safe and beneficial for osteoarthritis patients.

Existing drug used to treat alcoholism is potentially effective against COVID-19

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 23:16
A team of chemists from HSE University and the Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry used molecular modelling to find out that two medications that have been known for a long time can be used to fight SARS-CoV-2.

Surgery for acute cholecystitis during pregnancy may be safer than postponing

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 23:07
Painful gallstones are common during pregnancy. The pain can be intense, coming on suddenly, increasing and often radiating to the back.

Body weight seriously impacts brain activity and blood flow

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 22:37
As a person's weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Drug overdoses can lead to PTSD symptoms

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 22:27
Drug overdoses are psychologically traumatic events that can lead to symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a study focused on female sex workers in Baltimore City that was led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Study provides new insights into how ovarian cancer grows and evolves

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 22:10
In a paper published in the journal Cancer Research, professor Levi Waldron, post-doctoral fellow Ludwig Geistlinger, and colleagues at the Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy) provide new insights into how ovarian cancer grows and evolves within a person.

New research project receives federal funding to expand treatment options for sickle cell patients

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 22:05
A new research project that could impact and expand the discovery of new treatment options for sickle cell patients has received significant federal funding.

Epidemic model demonstrates potential risks COVID-19 could pose for firefighting community

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 21:41
With wildfire season in full swing, a COVID-19 outbreak at a traditional large fire camp is a potential disaster.

Nottingham and Canadian researchers lead new $100,000 study into teenage vaping

Wed, 08/05/2020 - 20:06
Researchers from Western University, Canada and the University of Nottingham, UK, are leading a new $100,000 study into teenage vaping in Canada, where high schoolers will be appointed as co-researchers to the project.