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Scientists investigate pathogen transmission and awareness of common wildlife-associated zoonoses

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 10:56
In the tropics and subtropics, families and communities frequently rely on bushmeat for food security as well as basic income. So, while the harvest and trade of wildlife are illegal in many locales, the practice is commonplace, and with it comes the potential for transmission of a zoonotic disease among human populations.

Vitamin C and COVID-19: A Review

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 10:51
In a recent review published in Preprints*, Patrick Holford et al. address vitamin C's role as adjunctive therapy for respiratory infection, sepsis, and COVID-19.

Seropositivity to SARS-CoV-2 among asymptomatic blood donors in New York

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 10:18
New York was the hardest-hit U.S. state during the peak of the outbreak in the country. Now, a team of researchers from the New York Blood Center and Serimmune, an immune intelligence company, aimed to determine the prevalence of seropositive people for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes COVID-19, among healthy blood donors.

Biomimetic virus-like particles for safer positive controls in SARS-CoV-2 detection

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 09:43
In an attempt to overcome these issues, a team of researchers from various departments at the University of California San Diego recently proposed using biomimetic virus-like particles (VLPs) as positive controls for assays used in SARS-CoV-2 detection. Their study is published on the preprint server bioRxiv.

Researchers show a simple way to protect transplanted islets from rejection

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 08:10
Type 1 diabetes, or T1D, results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. People with T1D require exogenous insulin and suffer swings in the levels of glucose in the blood that impact life expectancy and increase risks of cardiovascular disease, neuropathies and kidney failure.

Study raises new questions about viral load in asymptomatic children with COVID-19

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 08:03
New questions are at the forefront as a study published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology from nine children's hospitals finds that most asymptomatic children who tested positive for COVID-19 had relatively low levels of the virus compared to symptomatic children.

Research project aims to develop sound measures to promote gender diversity in working life

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:57
The aim of the international "G-VERSITY - Achieving Gender Diversity" research project is not just to investigate the factors that depend on biological and social gender in education and career paths.

Researchers receive $2+ million grant to study acupuncture in emergency departments

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:45
Jeffery Dusek, PhD, Director of Research at University Hospitals (UH) Connor Integrative Health Network and Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at Case Western Reserve University, and colleagues were recently awarded a 3-year, $2+ million grant from the National Center of Complementary and Integrative Health, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Meaning in life and self-control protect against stress during COVID-19 pandemic

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:28
Numerous studies over the last few weeks have pointed out that the effects of the Corona pandemic on people's mental health can be enormous and affect large parts of the population.

Nutritional status may impact susceptibility to COVID-19, study says

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:04
Now, a team of researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of Oxford wanted to provide a systematic review of the latest evidence on how malnutrition across all forms, including undernutrition, obesity, and micronutrient status, may influence the susceptibility and severity of COVID-19.

Navy researchers evaluate commercial UV sources for viral disinfection to combat COVID-19

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:04
U.S. Naval Research Laboratory researchers evaluated commercial ultraviolet (UV) sources for viral disinfection to combat COVID-19 on land and at sea, and established a dedicated UV characterization lab in five days to ensure safe introduction and effective operation of UV sources across the Fleet.

Anxiety and stress caused by COVID-19 associated with body image issues

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:02
A new study has found that anxiety and stress directly linked to COVID-19 could be causing a number of body image issues amongst women and men.

Researchers identify molecular connection between meat, dairy diets and cancer risk

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 07:00
An international team of researchers has identified a direct molecular link between meat and dairy diets and the development of antibodies in the blood that increase the chances of developing cancer.

$109 million NIH grant awarded to expand Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome research

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:55
The Alzheimer's Biomarkers Consortium - Down Syndrome, a multi-institution research team, co-led by members from the University of California, Irvine, has been awarded an unprecedented five-year, $109 million grant by the National Institutes of Health, to expand research on the biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome.

Initial lockdown in France substantially curbed COVID-19, but many remain susceptible to the virus

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:43
Now, a new study by researchers at the Santé Publique France conducted seroprevalence estimates in France, one of the countries with high COVID-19 cases in Europe.

Children's brains are prewired to see words, study suggests

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:32
Humans are born with a part of the brain that is prewired to be receptive to seeing words and letters, setting the stage at birth for people to learn how to read, a new study suggests.

Researchers validate new radiolabeled molecule used in imaging tests to detect brain injury

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:24
Researchers have validated a new radiolabeled molecule that can be used with imaging tests to accurately detect and characterize brain injury.

DNA vaccine-induced antibodies neutralize SARS-CoV-2

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:23
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is far from over as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to ravage across the globe. With the vast spread of the virus, many countries who reported flattening the curve over the past months have reported clusters of new cases and second waves of the outbreak.

$2 million NCI SeroNet grant aims to increase diversity in COVID-19 immunology research

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:18
A new, $2 million grant from the NCI Serological Sciences Network for COVID-19 (SeroNet) is aimed at enhancing representation of Black and Hispanic people in SARS-CoV-2 immunology research through the use of storytelling--an approach in which community members become "video stars" and provide honest messages about the importance of being represented in COVID-19 research studies.

Study reveals developmental changes of the immune system during first week of life

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 06:13
Within the womb, a human fetus benefits from the protection of the placenta, limiting their contact with pathogens.