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Recovered COVID-19 patients exhibit cognitive deficits

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 05:46
Researchers in the UK and the United States have reported concerning findings showing that patients who had recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exhibited significant cognitive deficits.

Nasal septum surgery can cause behavioral changes, RUDN medics say

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 05:32
A team of medics from RUDN University conducted an experiment on rats and confirmed that surgeries in the nasal cavity can cause behavioral changes, namely, make the animals timider.

Simple human actions can increase the chance of surviving a landslide

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 05:16
The March 2014 landslide in Oso, Washington, about 55 miles northeast of Seattle, became the deadliest landslide event in United States history. Forty-three people died and 49 homes and structures were destroyed.

New model could help identify people at risk for long COVID

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 05:16
Researchers in the UK, United States, and Sweden have presented new findings that could help identify individuals at risk of "long COVID" – a protracted course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms last for more than 28 days.

Ineffective regulation on hospital discharge puts wellbeing, dignity of patients at risk

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 05:11
Regulators have failed to properly address patient safety on discharge from hospital in England, leaving the physical wellbeing and dignity of patients continuously at risk at a time when they should be returning safely home, finds new research.

Aspirin use associated with reduced mortality risk in hospitalized COVID-19 patients

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 04:54
Hospitalized COVID-19 patients who were taking a daily low-dose aspirin to protect against cardiovascular disease had a significantly lower risk of complications and death compared to those who were not taking aspirin, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Improving sleep after trauma exposure may ease negative consequences

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 04:45
Increasing the amount of time spent asleep immediately after a traumatic experience may ease any negative consequences, suggests a new study conducted by researchers at Washington State University's Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine.

Common medication used to treat diabetic macular edema is less effective in Black patients

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 04:39
A medication frequently used to treat diabetic macular edema, which is the most common cause of blindness in people with diabetes, is less effective when used to treat the condition in Black patients, new study results show.

Study: More women with invasive breast cancer could potentially be spared an axillary surgery

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 00:38
More women could potentially be spared an axillary lymph node dissection -- the surgical removal of 10-20 lymph nodes -- a procedure that causes disabling arm swelling in up to 25% of women, according to a UCLA study led by Dr. Maggie DiNome, chief of breast surgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

MRI exams can be safely performed in patients with non-MR compatible cardiac devices

Rss Feed - Fri, 10/23/2020 - 00:17
MRI examinations can be performed safely in patients with non-MR compatible cardiac devices, including those who are pacemaker-dependent or have abandoned leads, according to a study published in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

Study may pave way for more effective treatment for Hepatitis C

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 19:34
Virologists at Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) have identified a critical role played by a cellular protein in the progression of Hepatitis C virus infection, paving the way for more effective treatment.

Study: Antiretroviral therapy fails to restore age-appropriate epigenetic patterns

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 19:29
Untreated HIV infection is linked with epigenetic changes that suggest rapid aging. A new study by UCLA researchers shows that antiretroviral therapy given over two years was unable to completely restore age-appropriate epigenetic patterns, leaving patients more susceptible to aging-related illnesses.

Study reveals factors that account for reduced death rates from COVID-19

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 19:02
Fewer New Yorkers are dying from the coronavirus than health experts had anticipated, a new study shows. Regional death rates have dropped from the highs seen at the start of the outbreak, partially due to a shift in the population contracting the disease toward those who are more resilient.

COVID-19 patient's immune response may underlie the effects on the nervous system

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 18:18
It is probably the immune response to, rather than the virus in itself, that causes sudden confusion and other symptoms from the nervous system in some patients with COVID-19. This is shown by a study of cases involving six Swedish patients, now published in the journal Neurology.

Metabolite of dietary soy may lower risk factor for dementia

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 18:05
A metabolite produced following consumption of dietary soy may decrease a key risk factor for dementia--with the help of the right bacteria, according to a new discovery led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Dream report structure differs according to sleep stage, confirms study

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 12:06
Some dreams are so vivid that they can be recalled as if they were movies, full of connections and with a beginning, middle and end.

Tumor DNA in spinal fluid can help track children with aggressive brain tumors

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 12:04
For many cancers, doctors are increasingly looking to the DNA that solid tumors shed into the blood stream to help with diagnosis and monitoring. But brain cancer has been a different story thanks to the natural blockade created by the blood-brain barrier.

Study shows how genome sequencing can track mutations in SARS-CoV-2 virus

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 12:00
A study published in Cell Reports shows how next generation genetic sequencing can track mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which can in effect help with transmission tracing, diagnostic testing accuracy and vaccine effectiveness.

Newly developed light-sensing protein restores vision in blind mice

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 11:53
A newly developed light-sensing protein called the MCO1 opsin restores vision in blind mice when attached to retina bipolar cells using gene therapy.

New book discusses pharmacotherapeutic management of cardiovascular complications

Rss Feed - Thu, 10/22/2020 - 11:50
Cardiovascular disease is a complexity of conditions comprising heart failure, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease and coronary heart disease etc. They impose severe health complications and remain challenge on treatments for the affected patients