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Scientists identify that neuropilin-1 makes the SARS-CoV-2 virus highly infectious

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 13:22
In a major breakthrough an international team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has potentially identified what makes SARS-CoV-2 highly infectious and able to spread rapidly in human cells.

Researchers discover that neuropilin-1 can facilitate entry of SARS-CoV-2 into the cells

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 13:15
The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is known to infect cells via the receptor ACE2. An international research team under German-Finnish coordination has now identified neuropilin-1 as a factor that can facilitate SARS-CoV-2 entry into the cells' interior.

Researchers successfully perform terahertz imaging of early-stage breast cancer without staining

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 13:01
A team of researchers at Osaka University, in collaboration with the University of Bordeaux and the Bergonié Institute in France, has succeeded in terahertz imaging of early-stage breast cancer less than 0.5 mm without staining, which is difficult to identify even by pathological diagnosis.

Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 virus identifies and binds neuropilin-1 on human cells to infect them

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:55
Helping to explain what makes SARS-CoV-2 so capable of infecting human cells, researchers in two independent studies discovered that the virus's spike protein recognizes and binds a protein on the human cell surface called neuropilin-1.

Diet may help restore ovulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:50
The Mediterranean diet may be investigated as a possible treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome after mice with PCOS-like features of the condition were found to benefit from a similar diet.

Couples who fight often are more likely to experience loneliness and poor physical health

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:48
Healthy couples fight. But couples that clash often are more likely to experience feelings of loneliness and poorer physical health down the line, according to new University of Georgia research.

First COPD patient treated with RejuvenAir System in a multicenter clinical trial

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:42
Temple University Hospital has treated the first patient in a multicenter international clinical trial utilizing the RejuvenAir System for the treatment of patients suffering from moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with chronic bronchitis.

Brain imaging biomarker may help predict treatment response in patients with psychiatric disorders, study reveals

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:40
Cohen Veterans Bioscience, a non-profit research biotech advancing brain health solutions, today announces findings from a study which generates new evidence in support of a critical brain imaging biomarker, that may help guide people who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder or major depressive disorder towards the most effective treatment.

Study indicates the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 viral infection and diabetes

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:30
It has recently been described that infection by some enteroviruses - a genus of viruses that commonly cause diseases of varying severity - could potentially trigger diabetes, although its direct effect 'in vivo' as well as its mechanism of action at the molecular level were unknown.

Study reveals medium-term impact of COVID-19

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:29
Initial findings from a study looking at the longer-term impact of COVID-19 has found that a large proportion COVID-19 patients discharged from hospital were still experiencing symptoms of breathlessness, fatigue, anxiety and depression two to three months after contracting the virus.

Research finds one-third of students misusing prescription opioids tend to use heroin later

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:24
Nearly one-third of students who reported misusing prescription opioids as high school seniors between 1997 and 2000, but did not have a history of medical use, later used heroin by age 35, according to a University of Michigan study.

Scientists may be able to prevent cancer by controlling the ANP32E and H2AZ proteins

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:16
Someday, scientists may be able to prevent cancer by controlling two proteins that operate deep inside the quagmire of epigenetic cell fate transitions, a new paper suggests.

Increasing levels of light pollution could impact transmission of diseases through mosquitoes

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:12
Artificial light abnormally increases mosquito biting behavior at night in a species that typically prefers to bite people during the day, according to research from the University of Notre Dame that was published in The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Researchers conduct review on viral shedding of SARS-CoV-2

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 12:04
A review of dozens of studies by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University and Oregon State University suggests that people may shed virus for prolonged periods, but those with mild or no symptoms may be infectious for no more than about 10 days.

New research highlights potential global hesitancy to accept a COVID-19 vaccine

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 11:57
A research team from the City University of New York Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, the Vaccine Confidence Project at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Georgetown University Law School announced today that Nature Medicine has published their research revealing potential global hesitancy to accept a COVID-19 vaccine.

SARS-CoV-2 hijacks mitochondria

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 11:49
An important phase of the viral protein translation relies on the mitochondrial translation machinery. Towards this goal, the molecular mechanism involved in the SARS-CoV-2 entry into human cells is studied by Zhenguo Cheng et al.

Scientists use gold nanorod scattering to identify changes in macrophages

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 11:27
Every biological system is naturally equipped with a defense mechanism to protect against abnormal changes caused by either local, environmental, or biochemical alteration. White blood cells play the role of such a 'soldier' in our immune response.

Study outlines the link between tattoos and damage to sweat glands

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 11:20
You've heard that they can sag with age, perpetuate the name of a regrettable ex, or reveal an embarrassing inability to spell. But tattoos may also impair the way we sweat, potentially causing the body to overheat if the tattoos cover a large area of the body.

Researchers find distinct effects of adversity in the genomes of men than women born preterm

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 10:34
Researchers at McMaster University have found distinct effects of adversity early in life in the genomes of men compared to women who were born extremely preterm.

Scientists uncover a novel cellular mechanism for disposing of misfolded proteins

Rss Feed - Wed, 10/21/2020 - 10:29
About 30 years ago, Dr. Richard Sifers set out on a journey to discover why people with a rare condition known as alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency present with high variation in the severity of liver disease.