Morphological and Prognostic Characteristics of Breast Cancer in Women Living in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Maria P. Kirillina, Irina V. Kononova, Sargylana I. Sofronova, Petr M. Ivanov, Aytalina S. Golderova

International Journal of Biomedicine. 2021;11(2):201-205.
DOI: 10.21103/Article11(2)_OA13
Originally published June 5, 2021


Background: This article presents the results of the analysis of the clinical and morphological examination of breast cancer (BC) in women of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (RS(Y)).
Methods and Results: The object of the study was fragments of breast tissue from 294 women who underwent surgical treatment and/or needle biopsy. By ethnicity, there were 118(40.1%) women of indigenous nationalities and 176(59.9%) women of non–indigenous nationalities. The greatest number of cases of BC was registered in the age group of 50-59 (32.6%). The age group of 40-49 was in second place (20.4%). Among the indigenous population, women in the age groups of 40-49 years (23.7%) and 50-59 years (26.3%) predominated.  The age groups of 50-59 years (36.9%) and 60-69 years (22.2%) predominated among the non-indigenous women.
Tumors with a size of 2 cm to 5 cm prevailed; they were detected in 185(62.9%) women. Tumors with a spread to the chest wall and skin develop more often in women of non-indigenous nationalities (15.9% of cases), than in women of indigenous nationality (6.8% of cases). Regardless of ethnicity, the most common histological form of BC in women of the RS(Y) was infiltrative ductal cancer (65.3%). Cancer staging according to the TNM staging system showed that n the age group of women under 39 years, Stage IIIB+IIIC  (43.2%) was most often registered (p=0.01), while in other age groups, Stage IIA (32.4%) was more often noted.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that further investigation of the peculiarities of the course of BC in the female population of Yakutia would lead to much improved methods of diagnosis and treatment.

breast cancer • diagnosis

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