Antiremodelling Efficacy and Clinical Safety of Zofenopril in Patients with Grade 1and 2 Hypertension
The Republican Specialized Center of Cardiology; Tashkent, Uzbekistan
*Corresponding author: Nigora Z. Srojidinova, PhD. The Republican Specialized Center of Cardiology; Tashkent, Uzbekistan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published: December 3, 2015. DOI: 10.21103/Article5(4)_OA6
Objective: to estimate the antihypertensive, antiremodelling efficacy and clinical tolerability of the monotherapy with Zofenopril in patients with Grade 1 and 2 hypertension (HT 1 and 2)
Materials and Methods: The study included 30 patients aged from 30 to 60 years with HT 1 and 2 (ESH/ESC, 2013) without severe comorbidities and cardiovascular complications. Zofenopril was prescribed as monotherapy to HT patients who had never been treated before or patients after one week of lavage from previous antihypertensive therapy, who did not reach target levels of BP. Before and during treatment all patients were checked on office BP using Korotkov’s method and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Echocardiography and Doppler sonography were carried out by standard methods using the recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography. Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and brachial artery was measured by a 7.5MHz high-resolution ultrasound. Assessment of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery was used as a method of determining endothelial function.
Results: A 12-week monotherapy with Zofenopril in average daily dose of 36.0±19.54 mg showed a high antihypertensive efficacy and a good safety profile without side effects. We noted a reliable decrease in systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), mean BP, and pulse pressure (PP) by -19.53±5.93%, -18.64±7.18%, BP -19.05±6.14%, and -20.65±12.07%, respectively. Target SBP, DBP, and SBP+DBP were reached in 90%, 86.6%, and 83.3% of patients, respectively. We found a significant regression of LVH, significant improvement in volume indicators of LV echogeometry and parameters of FMD of the brachial artery, as well as a decrease in IMT of carotid and brachial arteries. Monotherapy with Zofenopril showed metabolic neutrality regarding the lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, a good safety profile without the side effects and undesired events.
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