Trends in Mortality from Preventable Causes in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Albina A. Ivanova, Aleksandr F. Potapov, Leonid F. Timofeev, Tatiana S. Makarova, Alkviad V. Bulatov, Lena V. Ignateva

 
International Journal of Biomedicine. 2020;10(2):169-173.
DOI: 10.21103/Article10(2)_OA17
Originally published June 15, 2020.

Abstract: 

A retrospective analysis of the official statistics for the period 1990-2019 was performed in order to study the rates and structure of mortality of the population in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) (SR(Y)). It has been established that over the past 30 years, the medical and demographic situation in the SR(Y) was characterized by a high birth rate and high mortality of the population in young age groups from preventable causes, primarily external causes. In the structure of the external causes of death, violent deaths ranked first over the entire study period.
In the total number of all deaths, people of working age accounted for more than 40%. In the structure of the causes of working-age population mortality, external causes (injuries and poisoning) ranked first over the entire study period, followed by circulatory system diseases (CSD) and neoplasms. A relatively high mortality rate (MR) in children aged 0-17 years from external causes remained, exceeding the average indicator of the Russian Federation (RF) by 36% (2018). This fact has an adverse effect on reproduction in the population, as well as the age and sex composition and the formation of the labor force in Yakutia.

Keywords: 
premature mortality • external causes •Yakutia •Far Eastern Federal District
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Received April 17, 2020.
Accepted April 29, 2020.