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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 54 min 31 sec ago

Emergency nurses experience regular verbal and physical abuse

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 23:09
The first ever review of the experience of hospital A&E staff reveals that they have resigned themselves to patient violence and aggression.

Researchers find high risk of suicide among unaccompanied refugee minors

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 22:48
In a report written on behalf of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have concluded that the risk of suicide among unaccompanied refugee minors and young adults in 2017 was nine times higher than the equivalent figure for the same age group in the Swedish population.

Lab-grown cerebellar cells may help explain how ASD develops at molecular level

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 22:33
Increasing evidence has linked autism spectrum disorder with dysfunction of the brain's cerebellum, but the details have been unclear. In a new study, researchers at Boston Children's Hospital used stem cell technology to create cerebellar cells known as Purkinje cells from patients with tuberous sclerosis complex, a genetic syndrome that often includes ASD-like features.

Liquid biopsies could be used as new predictive marker for metastatic TNBC

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 22:16
A clinically relevant "liquid biopsy" test can be used to profile cancer genomes from blood and predict survival outcomes for patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer, according to new research published by a multi-institutional team of researchers with The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.

Researchers reveal potential biological roots behind individuality

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 20:13
Scientists have studied the system that controls age-appropriate behavior and discovered a certain element of variation that may contribute to a species’ survival from an evolutionary point of view.

Researchers uncover how excess calcium may influence development of Parkinson’s disease

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 18:57
Researchers have found that excess levels of calcium in brain cells may lead to the formation of toxic clusters that are the hallmark of Parkinson's disease.

Early childhood immune signature predicts risk of developing asthma later on

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 18:51
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease driven by the interplay of genetics, environmental factors and a diverse cast of immune cells.

Poor awareness among parents may hinder a child's early dental care

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 18:28
A new survey has found that one in six parents are likely to postpone their children’s dental care visits until the age of 4 or older.

Research finds rising trend in incidence of merkel cell carcinoma

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 18:17
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer, affecting only a few thousand people each year, compared to tens of thousands with melanoma. But while it may not be as common as other skin cancers, MCC is highly aggressive and often deadly -; and it's also becoming more common, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology and presented at the American Academy of Dermatology 2018 Annual Meeting in San Diego.

Researchers uncover Ras protein's role in uncontrolled cancer growth

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 16:57
Protein systems, such as Ras, make up the complex signaling pathways that control whether a cell divides or, in some cases, becomes cancerous and metastasizes into other regions of the body. For example, 98 percent of pancreatic cancers show Ras protein mutations.

Myriad's EndoPredict offers better prediction of breast cancer recurrence, analysis shows

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:47
Myriad Genetics, Inc. today announced that a comparative analysis of commercially available prognostic breast cancer tests in patients with early-stage breast cancer has been published in JAMA Oncology.

Scientists develop fluorescent probe to identify cancer stem cells

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:44
Cells with stem-cell characteristics appear to be especially important in the formation and metastasis of tumors. Scientists have now developed a universal fluorescent probe for these “cancer stem cells”. As reported in the journal Angewandte Chemie, this dye also selectively kills off the cells.

Russian researchers develop new multi-layered biodegradable scaffolds

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:44
A team of young researchers at the National University of Science and Technology has recently presented its new development – therapeutic material based on nanofibers of polycaprolactone, modified with plasma-deposited thin layers enriched with antibacterial composition and human blood plasma components.

University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela participates in large pancreatic cancer study

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:42
International validation through collaboration with leading cancer centers in Europe and US is a key part of Immunovia’s development and commercialization strategy for its portfolio of IMMray tests.

New blood test shows promise to revolutionize diagnosis of tick-borne diseases

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 10:16
A new blood test called the Tick-Borne Disease Serochip (TBD Serochip) promises to revolutionize the diagnosis of tick-borne disease by offering a single test to identify and distinguish between Borrelia burgdorferi, the pathogen responsible for Lyme disease, and seven other tick-borne pathogens.

Study reveals parents' views toward children’s tanning bed use

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 10:09
While everyone who climbs into an indoor tanning bed faces an increased risk of skin cancer, this risk is especially pronounced for young people: Using indoor tanning beds before age 35 can increase one's risk of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, by 59 percent, and this risk increases with each use.

Deletion of specific enzyme leads to improvement in memory and cognitive functions

Sun, 02/18/2018 - 09:21
A new study in mice has made a possible breakthrough in Alzheimer’s research. The team of researchers at the Cleveland Clinic has noted that deleting a single enzyme can reverse the deposition of harmful plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. This could improve cognitive functions as demonstrated in lab mice. The study appeared this week in the latest issue of the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Women exposed to cleaning products suffer decreased lung function, Study finds

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 20:24
A new study has found that females who use cleaning products at home or are employed as cleaners are more prone to the risks of deteriorated lung function than women who do not clean.

Nature paper unveils bacterial division

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 20:10
The process that allows bacteria to divide is crucial for their survival and a good target for the development of new antibiotics.

Stem cell vaccine helps protect mice against numerous cancers, Study finds

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 19:54
Lab mice injected with inactivated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) displayed a significant immune response against lung, breast, and skin cancers. The vaccine also prevented relapses in animals with removed tumors.