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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 20 min 13 sec ago

Opioid epidemic likely applies to high-risk dialysis population, study shows

4 hours 8 min ago
A new analysis indicates that the US opioid epidemic likely applies to the unique population of dialysis patients. The study, which appears in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, also found links between higher opioid drug prescription and increased risks of dialysis discontinuation, hospitalization, and early death.

New tissue-chip research aims to speed drug development for two genetic forms of epilepsy

4 hours 26 min ago
An interdisciplinary team of Vanderbilt University researchers has received a two-year, $2-million federal grant to develop an "organ-on-chip" model for two genetic forms of epilepsy. These disorders affect both brain and heart and improved modeling could lead to new drug treatments.

Study may contribute to genetic understanding of high-altitude adaptation

4 hours 37 min ago
Many research groups have recently explored human adaptation and successfully identified candidate genes to high altitude living among three major far-flung global populations: Tibetans, Ethiopians and Peruvians.

Alternative splicing may also trigger cancer, study shows

4 hours 44 min ago
Cancer, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, arises from the disruption of essential mechanisms of the normal cell life cycle, such as replication control, DNA repair and cell death.

Time spent outdoors impacts risk for contracting Zika virus

4 hours 50 min ago
When Zika first buzzed into the continental United States during the 2016 outbreak, Florida was hit first--and hardest--with 1,174 documented cases to date. So, when Marco Ajelli, associate research scientist at Northeastern and an expert in infectious disease modeling, wanted to study how time spent outside might affect the spread of the epidemic, he chose to focus on the state's most stricken county: Miami-Dade.

Outdoor air pollution may increase risk of chronic kidney disease

5 hours 58 min ago
Outdoor air pollution has long been linked to major health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Study finds link between sleep pattern and temperament in preterm children

6 hours 2 min ago
A new study suggests that while healthy preterm children have more medical sleep problems than full-term children, they are more likely to fall asleep independently.

Study supports importance of alcohol control policies to reduce homicide

6 hours 11 min ago
Stronger alcohol policies, including taxes and sales restrictions, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of alcohol involvement among homicide victims, according to a new study from Boston Medical Center and Boston University.

Majority of people not being screened for AF and stroke risk factors, report reveals

6 hours 16 min ago
New research released today by The Economist Intelligence Unit, a division of The Economist and a leader in global business intelligence, revealed that on average, more than 75 percent of people aged 65 and older worldwide are not being screened for atrial fibrillation (AF) and other common stroke risk factors during routine primary care examinations, even though this population is at high risk for stroke.

Personality changes do not appear before clinical onset of MCI or dementia

6 hours 25 min ago
For years, scientists and physicians have been debating whether personality and behavior changes might appear prior to the onset of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.

Diet and exercise have potential to improve chemotherapy effectiveness in pediatric cancer patients

6 hours 49 min ago
Diet and exercise may improve treatment outcomes in pediatric cancer patients, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Children's Cancer Hospital.

Seizures can be induced by cannabinoids, scientists warn

6 hours 54 min ago
Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug in the world, and the advent of synthetic cannabinoids creates additional challenges to the society because of their higher potency and ability to escape drug detection screenings.

'Labyrinth' chip may be new way to monitor cancer patients in clinical trials

7 hours 15 min ago
Inspired by the Labyrinth of Greek mythology, a new chip etched with fluid channels sends blood samples through a hydrodynamic maze to separate out rare circulating cancer cells into a relatively clean stream for analysis. It is already in use in a breast cancer clinical trial.

Global resurgence of whooping cough can be attributed to immunological failures of vaccines

7 hours 25 min ago
The startling global resurgence of pertussis, or whooping cough, in recent years can largely be attributed to the immunological failures of acellular vaccines, Boston University School of Public Health researchers argue in a new journal article.

Trusted messages proved essential to counter misperceptions during Ebola epidemic

7 hours 28 min ago
Utilizing messages focused on images created by local artists and written information communicated through local dialects proved essential to counter misperceptions during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, according to a study conducted in part by Muriel J. Harris, Ph.D., associate professor, University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences, Department of Health Promotion and Behavior Sciences.

Researchers identify molecular pathway that causes immune cells to promote cancer

8 hours 12 min ago
Investigators at the Children's Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have identified new findings about an immune cell - called a tumor-associated macrophage - that promotes cancer instead of fighting it.

Indiana University awarded $4 million NSF grant to advance nanoscale medical devices

13 hours 18 min ago
Only a year after establishing the intelligent systems engineering program in the Indiana University School of Informatics, Computing and Engineering, the university has been awarded a five-year, $4 million grant from the National Science Foundation to advance nanoscale devices to improve human health, including fighting cancer.

Novel gene therapy can inhibit, reverse multiple sclerosis in mouse models

13 hours 24 min ago
Multiple sclerosis can be inhibited or reversed using a novel gene therapy technique that stops the disease's immune response in mouse models, University of Florida Health researchers have found.

Smoking linked to elevated risk of all-cause mortality in breast cancer patients

13 hours 28 min ago
A new study published in JNCI Cancer Spectrum finds that smoking negatively impacts long-term survival after breast cancer. Quitting smoking after diagnosis may reduce the risk of dying from breast cancer.

Wayne State research finds novel psychological therapy to be helpful for people with fibromyalgia

13 hours 41 min ago
A novel psychological therapy that encourages addressing emotional experiences related to trauma, conflict and relationship problems has been found helpful for people with the chronic pain condition fibromyalgia.