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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 55 min 3 sec ago

Black men diagnosed with low-grade prostate cancer have higher risk of death, study shows

4 hours 46 min ago
Black men diagnosed with prostate cancer classified as low risk may actually have a more-aggressive form of the disease that is more likely to be fatal than in nonblack men placed in the same prognostic category, a new study suggests.

New drug could significantly slow progression of ALS, shows research

5 hours 16 min ago
A new drug could significantly slow the progression of ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists. Current treatments slow progression of the degenerative disease by only a few months, and these findings could revolutionize the treatment of patients suffering from ALS, extending and improving quality of life.

Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in the U.S. linked with occasional use

5 hours 18 min ago
The increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in the U.S. appears more closely linked with their occasional use by many people than by their repeated use among smaller numbers of people, according to a large new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

FSU researchers discover how breast cancer evades immune system detection

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 23:53
Recent breakthroughs in immunotherapy are making a huge difference in treating some forms of cancer, especially metastatic cancer. But breast cancer has proven a tricky foe for this new therapy, and an interdisciplinary team of FSU researchers is now a little bit closer to figuring out why.

Young children in low-income, rural areas at higher risk for second- and third-hand smoke exposure

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 23:46
Infants and toddlers in low-income, rural areas may be at higher risk for second- and third-hand smoke than previously reported, according to new Penn State-led research.

Weight change in middle-aged, elderly Chinese Singaporeans related to increased risk of death

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 23:34
Both moderate-to-large weight gain and weight loss, defined as a change of 10% or more in weight, among middle-aged and elderly Chinese Singaporeans are linked to increased risk of death, particularly from cardiovascular disease, and between them, weight loss was associated with higher risk than weight gain.

Researchers discover promising new compound against Buruli ulcer

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 23:04
Buruli ulcer - one of the most neglected among the NTDs - is a debilitating and stigmatizing disease. Affecting mainly children in West and Central Africa, the chronic disease results in devastating skin lesions and can lead to permanent disfigurement and long-term disabilities.

Study finds significant use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 22:55
Researchers who have undertaken the first systematic review of into the use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines in Sub-Saharan Africa found its use is significant and not just because of a lack of resources or access to "conventional medicine".

Combination of a vaccine and checkpoint drugs reduces pancreatic tumors in mice

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 20:51
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center discovered a combination of a cancer vaccine with two checkpoint drugs reduced pancreatic cancer tumors in mice, demonstrating a possible pathway for treatment of people with pancreatic cancers whose response to standard immunotherapy is poor.

Researchers identify link between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 20:41
A team of investigators led by members of the University of Colorado School of Medicine faculty at CU Anschutz Medical Campus has identified a connection between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis.

Study examines relationship between growth restriction and risk of childhood mortality

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 19:55
Almost all children live to see their eighteenth birthday despite a severe growth restriction, as long as they have survived their first month during infancy. This is indicated in a study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet, which is published in the journal PLOS Medicine.

Study reveals mechanism behind failed remyelination in MS

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 19:47
Researchers have discovered that in adult stem cells, the activation of a specific transcription factor induces pathological quiescence and that this is deactivated in MS.

Metal-based chemotherapy enhances the effect of cancer immunotherapy

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 19:16
Due to their powerful tumor-killing effect, metal-based chemotherapies are frequently used in cancer treatment. However, it was hitherto assumed that they damaged the immune system, because of their cytotoxic (cell-damaging) effect even against dividing healthy cells.

Cognition not affected by major heart procedure

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 18:53
Patients who undergo heart surgery do not experience major memory changes—either better or worse—when compared with those who have a much less invasive, catheter-based procedure, according to a study published online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Energy costs, social isolation contribute to health risk of older adults in extreme weather

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 18:01
The cost of heating and cooling the home, and increasing social isolation are significant factors in health risk of older adults during extreme weather, according to a new study by the University of Warwick.

Research into mental health first aid prompts practical guidance and resources for workplace

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 17:53
Concerns about how businesses use employees to support colleagues with mental health issues, highlighted by University of Nottingham research, have prompted new guidance for bosses.

Researchers identify potential target for new breast cancer treatments

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 17:42
Researchers from the School of Basic & Medical Biosciences have identified a potential target that could lead to new treatments for triple negative breast cancer.

Sickest children could benefit from split liver transplants

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 15:18
In a review of registry data for more than 5,300 liver transplants performed in children nationwide, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers identify the type of patient who is most likely to survive a split liver transplant--receiving only part of a donor's liver--with no additional long-term health risks, which could allow for an increase in the availability of organs.

Mouse study uncovers how marijuana may damage some adolescent brains

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 13:50
In a study of adolescent mice with a version of a gene linked to serious human mental illnesses, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have uncovered a possible explanation for how marijuana may damage the brains of some human teens.

McMaster study: Your postal code may play a role in your risk of major diseases

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 12:47
Where you live in Canada may play a role in your risk of major diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer.

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