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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 57 min 24 sec ago

Scientists aim to find genetic causes of developmental abnormalities in the vagina and uterus

1 hour 22 sec ago
A percentage of females are born with a missing or underdeveloped vagina and uterus, and scientists are working to analyze the genes of hundreds of them to get a better idea about causes, improve genetic counseling and ideally treatment.

Study offers new hope for elimination of malaria

1 hour 37 min ago
After major global successes in the battle against malaria, the positive trend stalled around 2015 - apart from in Zanzibar in East Africa, where only a fraction of the disease remains.

Specialist-led hospital bereavement service may help restrain legal action after difficult deaths

1 hour 41 min ago
Hospital bereavement services that are led by senior doctors and nurses and the person responsible for quality and safety may help to curb patient complaints and legal action in the wake of a difficult death, suggest the results of a pilot study, carried out at one NHS hospital trust and published online in the journal BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.

Short interval between last meal of the day and bedtime may not affect blood glucose levels

1 hour 50 min ago
Leaving a two-hour gap between the last meal of the day and bedtime doesn't seem to be associated with any discernible difference in blood glucose levels among healthy adults over the long term, suggests Japanese research published in the online journal BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

Body size may have greater influence on women's lifespan than men

1 hour 52 min ago
Body size-height and weight- may influence women's lifespan far more than it does men's, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Early adult general cognitive ability is a stronger predictor of mental capacity later in life

2 hours 6 min ago
Early adult general cognitive ability (GCA) -- the diverse set of skills involved in thinking, such as reasoning, memory and perception -- is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities, report researchers in a new study publishing January 21 in PNAS.

Study increases understanding of how the brain distinguishes between self-touch and touch by others

2 hours 11 min ago
Our brains seem to reduce sensory perception from an area of our skin when we touch it ourselves, according to a new study from Linköping University published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PNAS.

Mice transmit brain benefits of enriched upbringing to non-enriched offspring

2 hours 15 min ago
Mice growing up in a basic cage maintain lifelong visual cortex plasticity if their parents were raised in an environment that promoted social interaction and physical and mental stimulation, according to a multigenerational study published in eNeuro.

Protein-secreting device implanted in epileptic rats reduces seizures, improves cognition

2 hours 20 min ago
A protein-secreting device implanted into the hippocampus of epileptic rats reduces seizures by 93 percent in three months, finds preclinical research published in JNeurosci.

Bowel cancer on the rise among younger Australians

2 hours 21 min ago
Bowel cancer screening often begins after the age of fifty. New statistics reveal that it should start earlier because bowel cancer is on the rise among younger population in Australia. The numbers appear in the latest issue of the journal of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.

Researchers identify how concussions may contribute to seizures

11 hours 19 min ago
Researchers have identified a cellular response to repeated concussions that may contribute to seizures in mice like those observed following traumatic brain injury in humans.

Blood marker could aid in early prediction of Alzheimer's progression

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:59
Years before symptoms of Alzheimer's disease manifest, the brain starts changing and neurons are slowly degraded. Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University Hospital Tuebingen now show that a protein found in the blood can be used to precisely monitor disease progression long before first clinical signs appear.

Mouse studies challenge 'inhibition' theory of autism

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:56
A detailed study of four mouse models of autism challenges the most common assumption about what goes wrong in brain circuits to cause disease symptoms.

Molecular profiling of precancerous lung lesions could lead to early detection and new treatments

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:54
The world's first genetic sequencing of precancerous lung lesions could pave the way for very early detection and new treatments, reports a new study led by UCL researchers.

Fueling macrophages with energy to attack and eat cancer cells

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:50
Immune cells called macrophages are supposed to serve and protect, but cancer has found ways to put them to sleep. Now researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania say they've identified how to fuel macrophages with the energy needed to attack and eat cancer cells.

Researchers discover new blood vessel system in bones

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:35
Bones are very hard organs. Still they do possess a tight meshwork of blood vessels in their inner cavity, where the bone marrow is located, as well as on the bone surface, that is covered by the highly vascularized periosteum.

Simple blood test reliably detects signs of Alzheimer’s damage before symptoms

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:31
A simple blood test reliably detects signs of brain damage in people on the path to developing Alzheimer's disease - even before they show signs of confusion and memory loss, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases in Germany.

FSU study provides better understanding of spinal cord injuries

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:25
Thousands of people worldwide suffer severe spinal cord injuries each year, but little is known about why these injuries often continue to deteriorate long after the initial damage occurs.

Study to investigate new targeted oral treatments for severe asthma

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:18
A £2.68 million study to investigate the effective use of antibiotics to treat certain types of severe asthma is being spearheaded by researchers in Leicester.

Researchers uncover specific microbial signatures of intestinal disease

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 23:07
Researchers from the Department of Biomedical Research of the University of Bern and the University Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine of the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland, have discovered that changes in the composition of the intestinal bacteria in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease affect the severity of the disease and the success of therapy.