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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 12 min 32 sec ago

Study identifies structural changes in genes that increase risk of Tourette syndrome

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 23:11
Researchers have identified structural changes in two genes that increase the risk of developing Tourette syndrome, a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary motor and vocal tics.

Researchers develop new technique to boost quality of brain scans

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 23:01
People who suffer a stroke often undergo a brain scan at the hospital, allowing doctors to determine the location and extent of the damage. Researchers who study the effects of strokes would love to be able to analyze these images, but the resolution is often too low for many analyses.

Researchers discover same kind of T-cell exhaustion in IBS-D patients

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 22:39
Australian researchers have for the first time discovered that a specific type of irritable bowel syndrome is associated with exhaustion of the immune system in patients.

Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms could be efficient strategy to reduce cellular oxidative stress

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 22:14
Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms in the body and discovering which supplements increase the efficacy of those biochemical pathways could be an efficient strategy to reduce the cellular oxidative stress and protect our health, according to an article published in the journal Food Chemistry, by the researchers Rafael Franco, from the Institute of Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona, and Eva Martínez Pinilla, from the Institute of Neurosciences of Asturias and the University of Oviedo.

EKF POCT HbA1c testing confirmed as comparable to lab-based HPLC

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 22:05
EKF Diagnostics, the global in vitro diagnostics company, announces that a recent study has confirmed that its Quo-Test® A1c point-of-care testing (POCT) analyzer shows comparable performance to a lab-based HPLC system for the measurement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Recently published in Practical Laboratory Medicine, the study undertaken by the Diabetes Research Unit Cymru, Swansea University, UK, also observed that under the correct circumstances using WHO guidelines Quo-Test is appropriate for the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes.

Children born late preterm have greater risk of recurrent hospitalization for respiratory illness

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:37
A new study of children up to 2 years of age showed that those born late preterm (34-36 weeks) had a significantly greater risk of recurrent hospitalization due to respiratory illness compared to those who were born full term (>37 weeks).

Study shows that cerebellum plays key role in schizophrenia

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:32
In a new study, Norwegian researchers have documented that the cerebellum is among the most affected brain regions in schizophrenia.

Gut bacteria play key role in regulating abdominal pain, mice study finds

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:24
Scientists at the Science Foundation Ireland-funded APC Microbiome Institute at University College Cork, Ireland, have shown that, at least in mice, gut bacteria play a key role in regulating abdominal pain and its associated changes in the brain and spinal cord.

New study explores how refugee and immigrant women develop resilience to cope with stress

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:17
Refugee and undocumented immigrant women may experience unique and ongoing stress following migration, in addition to the pre- and post-migration traumatic events all immigrants may experience.

Excessive use of electronic devices may be linked to greater risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:13
In a study of 48 university students, intensive users of electronic devices reported more wrist/hand pain than non-intensive users.

Simple method could help reduce ever-growing risk of bacterial resistance

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 21:09
Hebrew University researchers have developed a test for efficiently classifying bacterial strains as tolerant, resistant, or persistent. If implemented in the hospital setting, this innovation could help to guide treatment decisions, and could ultimately reduce the ever-growing risk of bacterial resistance.

Study finds substantial use of opioids among older rheumatoid arthritis patients

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 20:54
A new analysis indicates that the use of opioid pain medications in older US rheumatoid arthritis patients peaked in 2010 and is now declining slightly. By 2014, 41% of rheumatoid arthritis patients were regular opioid users.

Partnership between CASIS and NCATS brings Organs-on-Chips research to orbiting laboratory

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 20:03
Models of human disease are beneficial for medical research, but have limitations in predicting the way a drug will behave within the human body using data from non-human models because of inherent differences between species.

Temple researchers identify protective effects of extra-virgin olive oil against Alzheimer's disease

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 19:18
The Mediterranean diet, rich in plant-based foods, is associated with a variety of health benefits, including a lower incidence of dementia.

Reducing health care disparities through changes in payment and delivery system

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 18:43
A panel at the upcoming AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting in New Orleans, LA, will share insights gained by three ongoing interventions aimed at reducing health care disparities.

Study finds high prevalence of suicide attempts among women with learning disabilities

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 18:09
A new study by the University of Toronto found that the lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts was much higher for women who had been diagnosed with learning disabilities (16.6%) compared to women who had not (3.3%).

Scientists uncover vital clues in puzzle over pre-eclampsia and increased risk of heart disease

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 18:04
Scientists studying a mystery link between the dangerous pregnancy complication pre-eclampsia and an increased risk of heart disease in later life for both mother and child have uncovered important new clues.

Study suggests many people in the U.S. are taking too much vitamin D

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 17:17
An increasing number of adults in the U.S. are taking too much vitamin D, say researchers, with 3% supplementing at doses that have previously been associated with an increased risk of serious side effects such as kidney stones, certain cancers and even death.

Discovery of ‘protective shield’ for b-cells could provide new option for treating diabetes

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 16:56
The islets of Langerhans in the human pancreas produce and release insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. Insulin, which is specifically produced in b-cells, serves to prompt cells to take up glucose circulating in blood.

Vanderbilt engineers use coffee grounds to develop novel surgical tool

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 16:32
Imagine plopping six cups of coffee grounds on the heads of patients just before they are wheeled into the operating room to have nose or throat surgery? In essence, that is what a team of Vanderbilt University engineers are proposing in an effort to improve the reliability of the sophisticated "GPS" system that surgeons use for these delicate operations.