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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 19 min 43 sec ago

Breakthrough research could potentially improve detection and treatment of anal cancer

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 22:55
Specialists at The Christie and The University of Manchester have made a breakthrough which could potentially improve detection and treatment of anal cancer, as well as have wider implications for other cancers.

Vaginal estrogens do not increase cancer, cardiovascular disease risk in post-menopausal women

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 22:50
Women who have gone through menopause and who have been using a vaginal form of estrogen therapy do not have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer than women who have not been using any type of estrogen.

Mobile health app helps improve concussion symptoms in teenagers

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 22:27
Generally, after suffering a concussion, patients are encouraged to avoid reading, watching TV and using mobile devices to help their brains heal.

Polio vaccine developed using tobacco plants could transform how vaccines are made

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 22:09
Scientists have used plants to create a new polio vaccine in what is hoped to be a breakthrough in the way vaccines are made.

BU scientist wins $231,000 AHA award to improve cardiovascular therapies

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:58
Vijaya B. Kolachalama, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, has received a Scientist Development grant from the American Heart Association.

Chapman University's School of Pharmacy wins more than $3.5 million through 30 research awards

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:48
Chapman University’s four-year-old School of Pharmacy continues its aggressive growth in federal grant awards.

Researchers identify new factors that may affect brain tumor cells' ability to resist treatment

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:40
The most aggressive variant of brain tumor - glioblastoma - has an average survival rate of 15 months. There is therefore an urgent need for new treatment strategies for this group of patients.

Scientists discover novel lineage-restricted stem cell in the mammary gland

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:23
One of the key questions in stem cell and cancer biology is to understand the cellular hierarchy governing tissue development and maintenance and the cancer cell of origin.

Blood tests help predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:18
In a study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, blood tests that detect fragments of a protein secreted by bone cells helped to predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women, independently of bone mineral density, bone turnover markers, and other measures of bone health.

Study offers novel insights into how genetic variants play key role in human immune system

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 21:16
It is widely recognized that people respond differently to infections. This can partially be explained by genetics, shows a new study published today in Nature Communications by an international collaboration of researchers from Germany and the United States.

Blood biopsy helps identify targetable genetic alterations in patients with cancer of unknown primary

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 20:37
Using fragments of circulating tumor DNA in blood, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers were able to identify theoretically targetable genetic alterations in 66 percent of patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP), a rare disease with seven to 12 cases per 100,000 people each year.

Compounds produced by creosote bush exhibit anti-parasitic activity against pathogenic protozoa

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 20:28
Researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that compounds produced by the creosote bush, a desert plant common to the Southwestern United States, exhibit potent anti-parasitic activity against the protozoa responsible for giardia infections and an amoeba that causes an often-lethal form of encephalitis.

Older people treated with electroconvulsive therapy for depression may not get relief from insomnia

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 18:01
Older people receiving electroconvulsive therapy for their depression likely will need an additional treatment if insomnia is one of their symptoms, researchers report.

Scientists reveal engineered fusion protein that could recover blood vessel health

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 17:55
Scientists from Boston Children's Hospital Vascular Biology Program have revealed an engineered fusion protein that could recover blood vessel health following the onset of hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Home learning environment influences academic success of children

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 17:36
Children whose parents provide them with learning materials like books and toys and engage them in learning activities and meaningful conversations in infancy and toddlerhood are likely to develop early cognitive skills that can cascade into later academic success, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

ICP monitoring does not improve favorable outcome rate in patients with severe TBI, study shows

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 17:29
A new study has shown that use of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) was associated with a significant decrease in mortality, but it did not improve the rate of favorable outcomes.

Research suggests novel approach to treating deadly pancreatic cancer

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 16:51
Pancreatic cancer is now the third leading cause of cancer mortality. Its incidence is increasing in parallel with the population increase in obesity, and its five-year survival rate still hovers at just 8 to 9 percent.

Biochemist explores complex interaction of activation and regulation in fat breakdown

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 16:50
What happens and where, when the body’s fat stores are activated? With the support of the Austrian Science Fund FWF, the biochemist Ruth Birner-Grünberger investigates the complex interaction of activation and regulation in fat breakdown, thus providing a basis for new therapeutic approaches for illnesses such as diabetes or arteriosclerosis.

Pesticide bans can be effective way to reduce suicides than secure storage

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 16:50
Global policies on access to highly hazardous pesticides – commonly ingested in acts of self-poisoning and suicide in rural Asia – should focus on national bans, rather than safe storage, according to two studies in The Lancet and The Lancet Global Health journals.

Shorter sleep duration in childhood linked to higher risk of type 2 diabetes

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 14:52
A study has found that children who slept on average one hour less a night had higher risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including higher levels of blood glucose and insulin resistance.