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Updated: 1 min 45 sec ago

Phosphorylation of SARS-CoV-2 N protein affects its function

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 11:51
Now, a new study by researchers at the University of California San Francisco and published on the preprint server bioRxiv* in June 2020 shows the effect of phosphorylation on the state and function of the N protein.

Researchers receive innovative grants to understand the biological underpinnings of blood cancers

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 11:43
Seeking to ignite the next major breakthroughs to treat blood cancers, The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS), The Mark Foundation, and The Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group today announced more than $6.75 million awarded to nine of the most exceptional scientists in the field.

GIRK channel activator can provide potential treatments for brain disorders

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 11:25
Potassium channels play an important role in controlling the electrical activity of neurons in the brain.

Study identifies the cause of blood clotting in Covid-19 patients

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 11:18
One of the major mysteries in treating patients with Covid-19 is the frequent development of blood clots that can subsequently damage their organs and sometimes be fatal.

A new method to assess the effectiveness of facemasks in obstructing droplets

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 11:05
Currently, there are no specific guidelines on the most effective materials and designs for facemasks to minimize the spread of droplets from coughs or sneezes to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19.

Study reveals a new target for tuberculosis drug development

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 10:51
Biology students and faculty members from The University of Texas at El Paso have discovered a new target for tuberculosis drug development.

Walking backward could help stroke patients to walk again

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 10:47
Walking backward may seem counterintuitive, but to athletes in training, doing so on a treadmill builds strength and agility.

BMI should be assessed in management of COVID-19 patients

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 10:22
A new study published on the preprint server medRxiv* in June 2020 reports that obesity is a risk factor of composite poor outcome of COVID-19 disease. On the other hand, COVID-19 patients with 'composite poor outcome' have higher BMI. Therefore, BMI should be assessed in the management of COVID-19 patients, and special attention should be given to patients with obesity.

SARS-CoV-2 circulating in Brazil back in November 2019

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 09:57
The finding, published on the preprint server medRxiv in June 2020, shows that it has been causing infection in Brazil long before the first case was reported in the Americas, North and South, in January 2020, and certainly before the first case in this Brazilian region.

Silk useful as face mask and PPE in COVID-19

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 09:26
As many people are resorting to face coverings improvised from common fabrics, researchers from the University of Cincinnati looked to determine what fabrics were the most effective. The team examined the hydrophobicity of fabrics (silk, cotton, polyester), as measured by their resistance to the penetration of small and aerosolized water droplets, an important transmission avenue for the virus causing COVID-19.

New polymeric heart valve could be a life-saver

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 08:59
Millions of persons around the world suffer from diseased and damaged heart valves. These patients require valve repair surgeries, and often when that is not possible, they need to take blood-thinners for life to prevent complications.

Oral hygiene and severity of COVID-19 – the connection

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 08:03
Their study titled, “Could there be a link between oral hygiene and the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infections?” was published in the latest issue of the journal British Dental Journal.

Herd immunity in the U.S. unlikely

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 07:38
The race to develop an effective vaccine against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is on, with many vaccine candidates entering the human trial phase. When a vaccine is developed and introduced into the population at scale, it triggers herd immunity, with many people immune to the infectious disease.

New swine flu strain with pandemic potential found in China

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 07:18
As the world grapples with a novel coronavirus pandemic, a new strain of swine flu that can trigger a pandemic has been reported.

Striking CryoEM image of SARS-CoV-2

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 06:58
A new study by researchers from the UK and Germany and published on the preprint server bioRxiv in June 2020 reports the results of a detailed study of the S protein on the intact virus, using cryoelectron microscopy (cryoEM) and tomography. This could help understand the conformation of the S protein on the virion and how it interacts with neutralizing antibodies.

Study provides first estimates of healthy working life expectancy for adults aged 50

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 06:38
A new study has estimated that on average people in England from age 50 can expect to be healthy and in work for nine more years.

Large-scale analysis of COVID-19 risk among different groups of UK hospital staff

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 05:53
Staff who shared a household with an infected person were at the greatest risk of infection, and those working in COVID-19-facing areas were also at an increased risk. Other groups that were identified as a high risk included Black and Asian individuals, porters, and cleaners.

Study links unexpected hospital stays to negative outcomes in head and neck cancer patients

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 05:40
Patients who were unexpectedly hospitalized for dehydration, fever or other ailments while undergoing radiation treatment for head and neck cancers were at a higher risk for less favorable outcomes, a new study from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center reports.

Researchers develop technique for personalizing stomach cancer therapy

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 05:36
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and their colleagues have developed the first technique for personalizing stomach cancer therapy based on RNA sequencing of tumor cells. The study, supported by the Russian Science Foundation, was published in Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies.

Study explores time trends in pregnancy-related outcomes among women with type 1 diabetes

Wed, 07/01/2020 - 05:30
Researchers from the Joslin Diabetes Center investigated time trends in pregnancy-related outcomes among women with type 1 diabetes between 2004 and 2017, and found that the percentage of mothers with excess weight gain during pregnancy as well as the use of insulin pumps and CGMs increased significantly, while the prevalence of nephropathy fell dramatically to zero.