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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 36 min 34 sec ago

Study finds no evidence of intrauterine vertical transmission of COVID-19 infection

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 09:50
There is currently no evidence that the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) causes severe adverse outcomes in neonates or that it can pass to the child while in the womb, according to a small observational study of women from Wuhan, China, who were in the third trimester of pregnancy and had pneumonia caused by COVID-19.

Study examines how television viewing time is associated with leisure-time physical activity

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 09:29
A large proportion of highly active men watch more television than their low-active peers do. In contrast, highly active women watch less television than low-active women do.

EPA fails to follow landmark law to protect kids from toxic pesticides

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 09:10
The landmark Food Quality Protection Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency to protect children's health by applying an extra margin of safety to legal limits for pesticides in food.

Study gives clues on how to stop HIV reemergence

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 08:53
A new study released today in the Journal of Virology gives insights into how the HIV-1 virus, which often persists in the body despite antiretroviral treatment, reemerges when treatment stops. More importantly, the study also gives clues on how to stop this reemergence from occurring.

Common human gene variant linked to THC reward in adolescent females

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 08:15
A common variation in a human gene that affects the brain's reward processing circuit increases vulnerability to the rewarding effects of the main psychoactive ingredient of cannabis in adolescent females, but not males, according to preclinical research by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators.

AAN issues new guideline for sleep problems in children and teens with autism

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 08:03
It is not uncommon for children and teens with autism spectrum disorder to struggle with sleep. Trouble falling asleep and staying asleep or refusing to go to bed are just some of the sleep problems they can experience.

Minigenes produced by CRISPR combat liver disease in mice

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 07:02
A new gene-editing technique based on CRISPR was used to successfully avoid the development of a liver disease that can be caused by hundreds of mutations, as well as to ease the symptoms in mice. This proof-of-concept study was published online in the journal Science Advances in February 2020.

Half the air pollution deaths in the U.S. linked to out-of-state emissions

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 06:48
Over half the deaths due to poor air quality occurring in the U.S. are because of emissions from outside the state in which the deaths occur, according to a new study published in February 2020 in the journal Nature.

Newly discovered large phages blur the life/non-life boundary

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 06:29
A new study published in the journal Nature shows that there are literally hundreds of viruses large enough to consume bacteria, and with properties that are typical of a living organism rather than the non-living self-replicating packages of DNA/RNA that viruses are often assumed to be.

Sexual orientation affects skin cancer risk in the USA

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:42
A new study published in the journal JAMA Dermatology in February 2020 shows a higher rate of indoor tanning and a corresponding increase in skin cancer, among men with homosexual or bisexual preferences compared to heterosexual men.

Privacy law gaps in high school STI health services identified

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:27
Without addressing these gaps, collaboration between schools (operating under FERPA) and health departments (operating under HIPAA) can compromise student privacy.

Increased hand hygiene at airports can mitigate spread of coronavirus by 37%

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:23
As coronavirus spreads across the globe via infected air travelers, authorities are attempting to contain the outbreak and avoid a pandemic.

Yale scientists enlist most unlikely ally in efforts to treat glioblastoma

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:17
Glioblastomas are relentless, hard-to-treat, and often lethal brain tumors. Yale scientists have enlisted a most unlikely ally in efforts to treat this form of cancer -- elements of the Ebola virus.

Shingles vaccine appears to reduce stroke risk

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:11
New research has revealed that older adults who regularly golf could be at a lower risk of death compared to those who do not play. The results of this research are to be presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2020 in Los Angeles between the 19th and 21st of February 2020.

New analysis shows rising ER visits for repeat opioid-related emergencies

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 05:05
The emergency department is being increasingly utilized as a patient's best or only treatment option for opioid use disorder.

New study provides clear picture of brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 04:58
What if the key to a better understanding of schizophrenia has been here all along--but researchers haven't had the resources to study it?

Oligosaccharide 2'FL in breast milk enhances cognitive development in babies

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 04:52
Maternal factors, such as breast milk, have been shown to affect a baby's development, and previous animal studies have determined that a carbohydrate, the oligosaccharide 2'FL found in maternal milk, positively influences neurodevelopment.

Golf could lower risk of death among older adults

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 04:52
New research has revealed that older adults who regularly golf could be at a lower risk of death compared to those who do not play. The results of this research are to be presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2020 in Los Angeles to between the 19th and 21st of February 2020.

Gut bacteria composition and diversity linked to human personality traits

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 04:47
Dr. Katerina Johnson, who conducted her Ph.D. in the University's Department of Experimental Psychology, was researching the science of that 'gut feeling' - the relationship between the bacteria living in the gut (the gut microbiome) and behavioral traits.

Gum disease linked to stroke

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 04:32
A pair of new studies has revealed that gum diseases could be associated with a heightened risk of strokes and atherosclerosis of hardening of the arterial walls. The results of this new research are to be presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2020 between 19th and 21st of February 2020 in Los Angeles.

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