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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 36 min 31 sec ago

Alzheimer's drug associated with two-fold higher risk of hospitalization for rhabdomyolysis

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 12:30
A drug commonly used to manage symptoms of Alzheimer disease and other dementias -- donepezil -- is associated with a two-fold higher risk of hospital admission for rhabdomyolysis, a painful condition of muscle breakdown, compared with several other cholinesterase inhibitors, found a study in CMAJ.

Study finds rise in off-label medication orders for children

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:48
U.S. physicians are increasingly ordering medications for children for conditions that are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration, according to a Rutgers study.

Childhood behavior associated with paracetamol intake during pregnancy

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:32
The research published today (Monday 16 September) in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology examined whether there were any effects of taking paracetamol in mid-pregnancy and the behavior of the offspring between the ages of 6 month and 11 years, with memory and IQ tested up until the age of 17.

Men and women with diabetes or prediabetes experience different comorbidities, study shows

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:27
A new study presented at this year's Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Barcelona, Spain (16-20 Sept) shows that men and women experience different comorbidities (other diseases at the same time) as having diabetes or prediabetes, as well as an unexpectedly high rate of prediabetes among children aged 6-10 years.

Analysis of lens in the eye can predict patients with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:23
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Barcelona, Spain (16-20 September) shows that specialist analysis of the lens in the eye can predict patients with type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (also known as prediabetes, a condition that often leads to full blown of type 2 diabetes).

Obesity linked to nearly 6-fold increased risk of type 2 diabetes, along with other risk factors

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:21
Obesity is linked to a nearly 6-fold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with high genetic risk and unfavorable lifestyle also increasing risk but to a much lesser extent.

New study identifies focus points to prevent opioid overdose deaths

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 11:12
A new study identifies specific locations where medication and harm reduction services for people with opioid use disorder should be available in order to have the greatest impact on reducing opioid overdose deaths.

Recent studies suggest a potential dip in rate of new diabetes cases

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 10:17
While overall, the numbers (prevalence) of people with type 2 diabetes continue to grow at an alarming rate, new research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Barcelona, Spain (16-20 September) shows that recent studies suggest the rate at which new cases develop (incidence) may be falling.

Machine-learning derived model can help predict risk of heart failure for diabetes patients

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 10:13
Heart failure is an important potential complication of type 2 diabetes that occurs frequently and can lead to death or disability.

New contrast agent combination benefits image-based modeling of tumor processes

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 00:16
A new contrast agent combination for imaging tumor samples enhances imaging and data extraction and thus benefits image-based modeling of tumor processes.

Study shows how the interplay of two cytokines affects development of Tfh cells

Mon, 09/16/2019 - 00:11
The body's immune response fights against infectious disease, and it safeguards against future infections through vaccination.

Drugs used to treat retinal diseases are excreted into human breast milk, study finds

Sun, 09/15/2019 - 23:11
Certain drugs used to treat retinal diseases are excreted into breast milk, raising possible safety concerns for developing infants, suggests a first-of-its-kind study led by St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto and published in Ophthalmology.

Americans living with rheumatic disease face healthcare challenges, survey reveals

Sun, 09/15/2019 - 22:50
Americans living with rheumatic disease face significant healthcare challenges, according to a national patient survey released this week by the American College of Rheumatology and its Simple Tasks™ public awareness campaign.

Study shows how the immune system achieves antibody diversity

Sun, 09/15/2019 - 22:28
Diversity is good, especially when it comes to antibodies. It's long been known that a gene assembly process called V(D)J recombination allows our immune system to mix and match bits of genetic code, generating new antibodies to conquer newly encountered threats.

Communities that Care coalitions reduce problem behaviors among youth

Sun, 09/15/2019 - 22:05
Students in Pennsylvania school districts that participated in Communities that Care coalitions were significantly less likely to use alcohol or marijuana, or to engage in delinquent behavior than those in non-CTC districts, according to a recent study published in Prevention Science.

Nano-sized bubbles in our body could effectively fight cancer

Sun, 09/15/2019 - 18:56
Healthy cells in our body release nano-sized bubbles that transfer genetic material such as DNA and RNA to other cells. It's your DNA that stores the important information necessary for RNA to produce proteins and make sure they act accordingly.

Slower working memory growth associated with young driver crashes

Sat, 09/14/2019 - 06:37
Research into why adolescent drivers are involved in motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of injury and death among 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States, has often focused on driving experience and skills.

Researchers identify changes in retinal layers of patients with mild Alzheimer's disease

Sat, 09/14/2019 - 06:27
Researchers at the Complutense University of Madrid have identified changes in retinal layer thickness, inflammation or thinning in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease, confirming that the retina is one of the most important biomarkers for early diagnosis of the disease.

Adult social support linked to less violence among teen boys in urban neighborhoods

Sat, 09/14/2019 - 06:19
Among teen boys in urban neighborhoods with low resources, the presence of adult social support is linked to significantly fewer occurrences of sexual violence, youth violence and bullying, and to more positive behaviors, including school engagement and future aspirations, according to a new study from researchers at UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Children of refugees with PTSD have increased risk for psychiatric disorders

Sat, 09/14/2019 - 06:12
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have studied what it means for children to have parents who are refugees and have PTSD.