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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 37 min 3 sec ago

LJI and UC San Diego awarded $ 4.5 million as part of NCI's Cancer Moonshot initiative

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 12:07
Researchers at La Jolla Institute for Immunology and UC San Diego have been awarded $ 4.5 million as part of the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Moonshot initiative.

Skin-to-skin contact may promote attachment between parents and preterm infants

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:47
For premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit, skin-to-skin contact with parents influences levels of hormones related to mother-infant attachment (oxytocin) and stress (cortisol) - and may increase parents' level of engagement with their infants, reports a study in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Muscle mass plays a critical role in health, shows research

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:41
Adults go to the doctor roughly three times a year. During their visit, vitals are taken such as blood pressure, pulse, and weight, but are these measurements really showing the full picture of a person's overall health?

Study reports increased risk of death in children with inflammatory bowel disease

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:19
Children who develop inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease) have an increased risk of death, both in childhood and later in life, a study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the journal Gastroenterology reports.

Study finds link between refined soluble fibers, gut microbiota and liver cancer

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:16
Many of the processed foods we find on grocery store shelves have been loaded up with highly refined soluble fibers such as inulin, a popular probiotic that recently received approval from the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed as health-promoting.

Next-generation RNA sequencing technology sheds new light on human mitochondrial diseases

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:13
The ability to translate the genetic code into proteins is an essential step in all living organisms. A cornerstone of this molecular process is the ability of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules to couple recognition of the genetic code with the cognate amino acid, which are the building blocks of proteins.

Green filters increase reading speed for children with dyslexia

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:11
Reading, one of the most difficult activities for children with dyslexia, can be improved by the use of green filters.

URMC researchers discover new approach to deliver therapeutics to the brain

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:08
Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center have discovered a potentially new approach to deliver therapeutics more effectively to the brain. The research could have implications for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, ALS, and brain cancer.

People with more copies of AMY1 gene digest starchy carbohydrates faster

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:06
Found in saliva, the protein enzyme encoded by the AMY1 gene begins the digestive process by breaking down starch when you chew your food.

Researchers investigate why some cancers affect only young women

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 11:03
Among several forms of pancreatic cancer, one of them affects specifically women, often young. How is this possible, even though the pancreas is an organ with little exposure to sex hormones? This pancreatic cancer, known as "mucinous cyst", has strange similarities with another mucinous cancer, affecting the ovaries.

Physical activity lowers cardiovascular mortality risk in frail older adults

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:58
Frailty is a health condition that increases risks of poor health, falls, disability, and death in older adults. Signs of frailty include weakness, weight loss, slow walking speed, exhaustion, and low levels of activity.

The immune system also plays a key role in day-to-day function of healthy organs

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:53
The cells of the immune system sustain life by infiltrating infected and dmaged tissue and eliminating pathogenic microorganisms and cell debris.

Mother-daughter conflict associated with suicide risk in abused adolescent girls

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:53
Teenage girls who were maltreated as children are more likely to entertain suicidal thoughts if the relationship with their mother is poor and the degree of conflict between the two of them high.

Conceptual framework proposed to examine role of exercise in multiple sclerosis

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:22
Researchers have proposed a conceptual framework for examining the relationship between exercise and adaptive neuroplasticity in the population with multiple sclerosis (MS).

New tool may reveal how the brain structure impacts brain activity, human behavior

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:17
The architecture of each person's brain is unique, and differences may influence how quickly people can complete various cognitive tasks.

Scripps researchers successfully test potential new smoking-cessation treatment in rodents

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:12
Scientists at Scripps Research have successfully tested a potential new smoking-cessation treatment in rodents.

Study finds why pregnant women in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan prefer cesarean delivery

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:04
Pregnant women in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan are more likely to express preference for cesarean section as their mode of delivery later in pregnancy and postpartum, as compared to early in pregnancy, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

New approach to understanding cancers will accelerate development of better treatments

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 10:00
A new innovation in cancer research will enable scientists to understand the complex causes of the disease with unprecedented speed and sophistication. This will accelerate the development of new and better treatments, and it will help researchers find ways around roadblocks that now stand in their path.

Study: Nurse-led care can be more successful in managing gout

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 09:47
Providing nurse-led care for people suffering with the painful, long-term condition gout could lead to an increase in the number of patients sticking to a beneficial treatment plan, a clinical trial has revealed.

Study shows close link between cytokine interleukin-1ß and obesity-promoted colon cancer

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 09:28
A new study describes the mechanistic relationship between the cytokine interleukin-1β, (IL-1β) and obesity, showing that when IL-1β levels are increased in obesity, IL-1 receptor signaling activates multiple pathways leading to colon cancer.