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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 17 min 28 sec ago

Researchers discover shared genetic basis for psychiatric disorders

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 14:53
A new study conducted by Spanish researchers has shown that psychiatric disorders, but not non-psychiatric neurological disorders have a shared genetic basis.

Osteopathic manual therapy affecting the diaphragm improves chronic low back pain

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 14:21
Researchers have verified the effectiveness of a treatment with osteopathic manual therapy including specific techniques on the diaphragm.

Diagnosing Heart Disease Using AI

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 14:11
Currently, stress echocardiograms used to diagnose heart disease are only 80% accurate, meaning many patients are misdiagnosed or sent home. Ultromics have developed a tol that machine learning to gather data and improve the accuracy of heart disease diagnosis to over 90%.

Anxious individuals exert more cognitive control while taking risky decision, shows study

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 13:20
New research shows that highly anxious individuals exert more cognitive control when they make a risky decision compared with less anxious individuals.

Researchers outline a connection between subplate neurons and brain disorders

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 13:16
The disappearance of an entire brain region should be cause for concern. Yet, for decades scientists have calmly maintained that one brain area, the subplate, simply vanishes during the course of human development.

Robotic surgery appears to be as effective as open surgery in treating bladder cancer

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 13:04
The first comprehensive study comparing the outcomes of robotic surgery to those of traditional open surgery in any organ has found that the surgeries are equally effective in treating bladder cancer.

Chemists find new way to make enzymes do a non-natural reaction

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 13:00
Princeton chemists have found a way to make a naturally occurring enzyme take on a new, artificial role, which has significant implications for modern chemistry, including pharmaceutical production.

Researchers work to identify areas of the brain that help us wake up

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 12:57
Philosophers have pondered the nature of consciousness for thousands of years. In the 21st century, the debate over how the brain gives rise to our everyday experience continues to puzzle scientists.

New study reveals how ‘good’ bacteria help in regulating our metabolism

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 12:51
Research tells us that the commensal or "good" bacteria that inhabit our intestines help to regulate our metabolism.

Study reveals how mTORC1-driven changes in crowding could influence major diseases

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 12:45
Among the most studied protein machines in history, mTORC1 has long been known to sense whether a cell has enough energy to build the proteins it needs to multiply as part of growth.

Researchers discover new type of cell that hinders formation of fat cells

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 12:35
Obesity is the plague of our times. Some 80 percent of obese people will develop Type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives, and being overweight is also a significant risk factor for cancer and heart attacks.

Innovative method can help identify patients with spastic cerebral palsy

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 11:52
When University of Delaware molecular biologist Adam Marsh was studying the DNA of worms living in Antarctica's frigid seas to understand how the organisms managed to survive--and thrive--in the extremely harsh polar environment, he never imagined his work might one day have a human connection.

Novel cellular pathway may clarify how arterial inflammation develops into atherosclerosis

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 11:42
Investigators have identified a new cellular pathway that may help explain how arterial inflammation develops into atherosclerosis-;deposits of cholesterol, fats and other substances that create plaque, clog arteries and promote heart attacks and stroke. The findings could lead to improved therapies for atherosclerosis, a leading cause of death worldwide.

Jumping genes or transposons and their role in the genetic code

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 11:38
Researchers have found that there a numerous transposons or “jumping genes” within the genetic code that is responsible for development of the embryo and its growth. These were earlier thought to be junk or useless parts of the genome.

Herpes may play role in pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 10:17
Herpes virus present within the body long after the overt infection may play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease say researchers. The study titled, “Multiscale Analysis of Independent Alzheimer’s Cohorts Finds Disruption of Molecular, Genetic, and Clinical Networks by Human Herpesvirus” appeared in the latest issue of the journal Neuron, this Thursday.

'Antifreeze' molecules may hold key to better treatments for brain injuries

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 10:07
The key to better treatments for brain injuries and disease may lie in the molecules charged with preventing the clumping of specific proteins associated with cognitive decline and other neurological problems, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report in a new study published in Neurobiology of Disease.

Research does not confirm antidiabetic action of natural fatty acid derivatives

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 09:17
A research consortium between the healthcare company Sanofi and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz investigated the antidiabetic action of certain natural fatty acids, so-called FAHFAs, which US-American scientists had reported in 2014.

Massive analysis of genomes reveals insights into genetic overlap among psychiatric diseases

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 09:11
A massive undertaking by the Brainstorm Consortium to analyze the genomes of nearly 900,000 people has revealed important insights into the genetic overlap among some psychiatric diseases, as well as among personality traits.

Scientists use novel approach to uncover how brain networks interact to make word-choice decisions

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 09:03
Effective verbal communication depends on one's ability to retrieve and select the appropriate words to convey an intended meaning. For many, this process is instinctive, but for someone who has suffered a stroke or another type of brain damage, communicating even the most basic message can be arduous.

WVU researchers increase colorectal cancer screening rates in West Virginia

Fri, 06/22/2018 - 00:14
In West Virginia, where colorectal cancer is the second-deadliest type of cancer, half of all colorectal cancers elude diagnosis until they have already grown beyond the colon. With Medicaid expansion, more West Virginians now have health insurance for cancer screening, yet many barriers to screening persist.