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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 33 min 9 sec ago

Chagas disease associated with two-fold increase in odds of strongyloidiasis, study shows

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:44
Chagas Disease (caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi) and strongyloidiasis (caused by the helminth S. stercoralis) are neglected tropical diseases that share a similar epidemiological burden and result in chronic infections with high morbidity and mortality.

Researchers use upconversion nanoparticles to understand brain functions

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:26
Scientists from the National University of Singapore have worked with an international research team to jointly develop a novel approach for deep brain stimulation.

Study shows health and economic consequences of eating plant-based foods

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:18
Billions of euro could be saved from a country's annual health bill if more people can be persuaded to follow a plant-based diet, according to new research published in the Journal of Nutrition. Also society overall will benefit due to less absenteeism from work.

Muscle plays vital role in regulating heat loss from the hands

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:09
In the first study of its kind, Cambridge biological anthropologists have shown that muscle mass is able to predict the rate of heat loss from the hands during severe cold exposure, while body mass, stature and fat mass do not.

Study reveals perception and reaction of parents to their child's BMI report card

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:02
53% of parents who receive their child's Body Mass Index (BMI) report card do not believe that it accurately categorizes their child as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese, according to research out today in Health Promotion Practice, a SAGE Publishing journal.

Emotional state affects operation of the entire brain instead of being restricted to specific regions

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 04:51
The brain mechanisms of basic emotions such as anger and happiness are fairly similar across people. Differences are greater in social emotions, such as gratitude and contempt.

Scientists test how pathogens interact with artificial organs

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 04:45
Scientists at Imperial College London have become the first in the world to test how pathogens interact with artificial human organs.

PFA in food grade items of daily use linked to obesity and weight gain

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 03:15
A new study from researchers at Harvard University has shown that certain chemicals used in consumer products as well as industrial products are linked to obesity and weight gain. The chemicals under the scanner are perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). These PFAs have been linked to raised cholesterol, hormone imbalance, immune problems, cancers and obesity.

Mice study raises hope to successfully treat Alzheimer's disease

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 00:20
A team of researchers from the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have found that gradually depleting an enzyme called BACE1 completely reverses the formation of amyloid plaques in the brains of mice with Alzheimer's disease, thereby improving the animals' cognitive function.

Higher levels of lifestyle physical activity linked to more gray matter in older adults’ brains

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 00:14
Higher levels of lifestyle physical activity – such as house cleaning, walking a dog and gardening, as well as exercise – are associated with more gray matter in the brains of older adults, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center.

One or more sugar-sweetened beverages per day linked to lower chance of getting pregnant

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 00:03
The amount of added sugar in the American diet has increased dramatically over the last 50 years. Much of that increase comes from higher intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, which constitute approximately one-third of the total added sugar consumption in the American diet.

Running mitigates negative impacts of chronic stress on the brain, study finds

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 23:57
Most people agree that getting a little exercise helps when dealing with stress. A new BYU study discovers exercise -- particularly running -- while under stress also helps protect your memory.

Common ketone supplement may reduce blood sugar in diabetics, suggests study

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 18:13
Consumption of a ketone supplement lowers blood sugar levels and may therefore help diabetics to control spikes in blood sugar, suggests a new study.

Climbing stairs reduces hypertension and strengthens muscles, find study

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 17:54
New research published in the journal Menopause found that climbing stairs helps lower blood pressure and strengthens leg muscles in postmenopausal women.

Researcher makes breakthrough discovery in process of fear relapse

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:47
Steve Maren, the Claude H. Everett Jr. '47 Chair of Liberal Arts professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Texas A&M University, and his Emotion and Memory Systems Laboratory have made a breakthrough discovery in the process of fear relapse.

Researchers propose video games to improve mobility in stroke patients

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:29
A joint research by the Basque research center BCBL and the London Imperial College reveals that, after a cerebral infarction, injuries in areas that control attention also cause motility problems. The authors propose to complement physiotherapy with another type of cognitive training, such as video games.

Using Smartphones for Cancer Diagnosis and Management

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:29
Dr. Castro is a translational oncologist with experience developing and harnessing nanotechnology and molecular imaging platforms for cancer purposes. His work offers a “less is more” approach — to generate robust cancer analyses using scant amount of specimens. Dr. Castro’s research has included funding from the V Foundation for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund, and the Department of Defense.

High-tech brain scans can provide new way to define intelligence

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:19
High-tech scans of the resting human brain can provide a new way to define and interpret the brain's actual mental capacity, new research suggests.

Report identifies potentially modifiable factors that may contribute to persistent risk of SUID

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:15
An analysis of trends in sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) over the past two decades finds that the drop in such deaths that took place following release of the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) "back to sleep" recommendations, did not occur in infants in the first month of life.

Oncolytic virus alerts the immune system to attack tumors

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:07
A new UC San Francisco study has shown that a cancer-killing virus currently in clinical trials may function as a cancer vaccine - in addition to killing some cancer cells directly, the virus alerts the immune system to the presence of a tumor, triggering a powerful, widespread immune response that kills cancer cells far outside the virus-infected region.