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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 35 min 7 sec ago

Supervised aerobic exercise can support major depression treatment

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 09:21
An analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials indicates that supervised aerobic exercise has large antidepressant treatment effects for patients with major depression. The systematic review and meta-analysis is published in Depression and Anxiety.

New DNA vaccine strategy protects mice against lethal challenge by multiple H3N2 viruses

Fri, 10/19/2018 - 09:16
Researchers developed a novel DNA influenza vaccine based on four micro-consensus antigenic regions selected to represent the diversity of seasonal H3N2 viruses across decades.

AI pathology diagnostic tool developed using deep learning technology from Olympus

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 16:26
Since 2017, Olympus Corporation has participated in a joint research program that has the potential to help streamline the workload of clinical pathologists, called “A New Approach to Develop Computer-Aided Diagnosis Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Gastric Biopsy Specimens”.

Self-lubricating condoms may help raise condom usage

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:01
Researchers have come up with self lubricating condoms that become slippery or lubricated once they come in contact with skin. This would not only raise the pleasure factor of condom usage they feel, but in turn also raise usage of condoms and reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies.

Study finds changes in antiepileptic drug metabolism during different trimesters of pregnancy

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:25
During pregnancy, the numerous physiological changes a woman's body undergoes can alter the way medications are metabolized, the rate at which they are cleared, and their overall effectiveness.

Research points to new target for treating periodontitis

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:20
T cells help fight off infection, but they can go overboard. A new study led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine and the National Institutes of Health shows that a subset of T cells contributes to the problematic inflammation and bone loss that is associated with periodontitis, a severe form of gum disease.

Targeting immune checkpoints in microglia could reduce out-of-control neuroinflammation

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:13
A group of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators is proposing that targeting immune checkpoints - molecules that regulate the activity of the immune system - in immune cells called microglia could reduce the inflammatory aspects of important neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Autonomic nervous system directly controls stem cell proliferation, study shows

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:03
Somatic stem cells are microscopic workhorses, constantly regenerating cells throughout the body: skin and the lining of the intestine, for example. And to University of Illinois neuroscientists, they represent untapped potential.

Sleeping Beauty technique helps identify genes responsible for NAFLD-associated liver cancer

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:51
With an estimated twenty-thousand protein-coding genes in the human genome, pinpointing a specific gene or pathway responsible for a particular disease can be like finding a needle in the proverbial haystack.

UC researcher focuses on light-mediated therapies to target breast cancer

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:40
When treatment is working for a patient who is fighting cancer, the light at the end of the tunnel is easier to see.

Unselfish people tend to have more children and receive higher salaries

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:31
What happens to those who behave unselfishly and make sacrifices for the sake of others? According to an interdisciplinary study by researchers from Stockholm University, the Institute for Futures Studies and the University of South Carolina, unselfish people tend both to have more children and to receive higher salaries, in comparison to more selfish people.

Mice study shows antibiotics are not always necessary to cure sepsis

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:26
Biochemists, microbiologists, drug discovery experts and infectious disease doctors have teamed up in a new study that shows antibiotics are not always necessary to cure sepsis in mice.

Social media reduces risk of depression among seniors with pain

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:22
With a few finger strokes or swipes on a computer or cell phone, seniors with pain reduce the risk of depression when visiting social media sites.

One-time universal screening recommended to tackle increase in hepatitis C

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 02:28
Physicians are encountering a growing number of younger patients who are testing positive for hepatitis C virus fueled largely by the opioid crisis impacting communities around the country.

Probiotic/antibiotic combination could eradicate drug-resistant bacteria

Thu, 10/18/2018 - 02:22
In the fight against drug-resistant bacteria, MIT researchers have enlisted the help of beneficial bacteria known as probiotics.

New pragmatic study launched to understand the effectiveness of new type 2 diabetes drug

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 19:57
HealthCore, Inc., the outcomes research subsidiary of Anthem, Inc. and Novo Nordisk Inc., which manufacturers the once weekly GLP-1 receptor agonist Ozempic (semaglutide), are working together to launch the first of its kind pragmatic study to understand the benefits of semaglutide as compared with all other available diabetes drugs in a real-world pragmatic clinical trial for Type 2 diabetes - one of the nation's fastest growing chronic diseases.

Research shows people over 65 are not performing enough physical activity

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 18:15
A research led by the University of Jaén reveals that people over 65 are not performing enough physical activity. Experts emphasize the importance of preserving physical performance to prevent the negative consequences of aging.

Chronic sleep disruption in early adult life accelerates AD-related tau pathology

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 16:29
Lack of sleep during adolescence and early adulthood accelerates Alzheimer’s disease-related tau pathology, finds a study of male and female mice published in JNeurosci.

Study provides insight into how the brain rapidly identifies sweet and bitter flavors

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 16:28
Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data published in eNeuro. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances.

Analyzing mouse’s potential as animal model of decision-making

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 16:28
Mice can be used to study the neural circuits underlying complex decision-making, suggests an analysis of more than 500,000 mouse decisions reported in JNeurosci.