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Latest Medical Research News and Research
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Study highlights need for personalized approach to treat ICU acquired delirium

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:58
A population heath study from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Aging Research has determined that halo, did not benefit elective thoracic surgery ICU patients when given prophylactically, with the possible exception of those who have had surgery to remove their esophagus.

Research: Concussion rates among young football players were higher than previously reported

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:54
New research from Seattle Children's Research Institute and UW Medicine's Sports Health and Safety Institute found concussion rates among football players ages 5-14 were higher than previously reported, with five out of every 100 youth, or 5%, sustaining a football-related concussion each season.

New drug shows promise in treating sarcomas

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:50
A new compound that targets a receptor within sarcoma cancer cells shrank tumors and hampered their ability to spread in mice and pigs, a study from researchers at the University of Illinois reports.

Adolescents who use cognitive reappraisal had better metabolic measures, shows study

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:37
Most teens get stressed out by their families from time to time, but whether they bottle those emotions up or put a positive spin on things may affect certain processes in the body, including blood pressure and how immune cells respond to bacterial invaders, according to Penn State researchers.

Johns Hopkins researchers identify molecular causes of necrotizing enterocolitis in preemies

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:30
Using a mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis -- a potentially fatal condition that causes a premature infant's gut to suddenly die -- researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have uncovered the molecular causes of the condition and its associated brain injury.

New research lays out potential path for treatment of Huntington’s disease

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:24
New research gives scientists a clearer picture of what is happening in the brains of people with Huntington's disease and lays out a potential path for treatment.

UA scientists uncover biological processes leading to rare brain disorder in babies

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:19
Babies born with pontocerebellar hypoplasia type Ib often do not survive past one year. Born with an underdeveloped brain, infants struggle to move, feed and even breathe.

Alzheimer's could possibly be spread via contaminated neurosurgery

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:13
Researchers have found that surgical instruments used for neurosurgery could get contaminated by the altered brain proteins that are seen in Alzheimer’s disease. These instruments are capable of spreading the condition if not treated or decontaminated properly before reuse. The study results were published in the latest issue of the journal Nature.

Genetic marker, predictor of early relapse in common childhood cancer discovered

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 11:05
Nova Southeastern University researchers recently discovered that by testing the level of NER (nucleotide excision repair) gene expression, pediatric oncologists can determine the likelihood of early relapse (less than three years) in their acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.

Moderate exercise in the evening does not have negative effect on sleep

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:58
Even among sleep researchers, it is a widely held belief that sleep quality can be improved by avoiding exercise in the evening.

Massage helps relieve pain, improve mobility in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:53
Patients with arthritis in their knees experienced significant improvement in pain and mobility after undergoing a weekly, whole-body massage for two months, according to a study led by researchers at Duke Health.

Study: Chronic opioid therapy associated with increased healthcare spending and hospital stays

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:50
Using data from commercial insurance claims of working-aged adults, new research published in the December issue of The American Journal of Accountable Care found that chronic opioid therapy for noncancer pain is associated with increased healthcare spending as well as hospital stays.

Study provides new insights into molecular mechanisms underlying role of amyloid in Alzheimer's disease

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:48
A UCL-led study has confirmed that some vials of a hormone used in discontinued medical treatments contained seeds of a protein implicated in Alzheimer's disease, and are able to seed amyloid pathology in mice.s

Study shows septin proteins detect and kill gut pathogen, Shigella

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:11
Using state-of-the art technologies to image human cells and study infection at the level of a single bacterial cell, the research team, led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, has uncovered the strongest evidence yet that septins take Shigella prisoner.

Study sheds new light on disease-spreading mosquitoes

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 10:06
When the West Nile virus (WNV) was initially isolated in two patients at a Queens, N.Y., hospital in the summer of 1999, it would have been hard to anticipate how quickly one common species of house mosquito, Culex pipiens, would help begin to spread the virus throughout the western hemisphere.

Schistosomiasis prevention and treatment could help control HIV

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 08:39
Of the 34 million people worldwide with HIV, and the 200 million with schistosomiasis, the majority live in Africa— where millions of people are simultaneously infected with both diseases.

Acne could have a genetic basis find researchers promising new cure

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 03:02
In one of the pioneering genetic studies of acne, it has been seen that the condition that affects millions of teenagers and adults could have a genetic basis. This genetic study can also pave the way for new and accurate treatment for acne promise researchers. The study results are published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Communications.

Study uncovers new genetic clues to frontotemporal dementia

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 01:21
Unlike the more common Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia tends to afflict young people. It accounts for an estimated 20 percent of all cases of early-onset dementia.

GW researchers review studies on treatments for prurigo nodularis

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 01:18
Prurigo nodularis is a disabling chronic skin condition characterized by severely itchy, crusty, firm papules and nodules that often occur on the arms and legs, but can appear diffusely on the body. The pathogenesis of prurigo nodularis is poorly understood, as this condition has been associated with a broad array of primary skin and underlying medical diseases affecting the liver, kidneys, and blood.

Researchers discover Ebola-fighting protein in human cells

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 01:06
Researchers have discovered a human protein that helps fight the Ebola virus and could one day lead to an effective therapy against the deadly disease, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.