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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 55 min 23 sec ago

Chilean food regulations are changing food perceptions and purchasing habits, study suggests

Mon, 02/18/2019 - 10:17
Food regulations targeted at reducing obesity make a positive impact on those most likely to purchase the family's food - mothers.

Patented IU discovery to treat ARDS has been optioned to Theratome Bio

Mon, 02/18/2019 - 10:12
A patented Indiana University School of Medicine discovery that uses proteins, lipids and nucleic acids secreted by adult stem cells to treat Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, or ARDS, has been optioned to Theratome Bio, an Indianapolis-based life sciences company.

Study reveals increase in readmission rates after introduction of flat-rate payments

Mon, 02/18/2019 - 10:07
Seven years after the introduction of flat-rate payments at Swiss hospitals, a major study has revealed a slight increase in readmission rates. Researchers from the University of Basel and the cantonal hospital of Aarau reported the findings in the journal JAMA Network Open.

New study outlines sex-specific issues in ischemic heart disease

Mon, 02/18/2019 - 10:06
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and death among women. Our knowledge of ischemic heart disease has grown tremendously over the past few decades as sex differences in prevalence, presentation, and pathophysiology are increasingly being recognized.

Children with ASD more likely to face maltreatment, study finds

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 09:30
A recent study by Vanderbilt researchers of 11 counties in Middle Tennessee revealed that children with autism spectrum disorder were nearly 2.5 times more likely than children without ASD to be reported to the Child Abuse Hotline by the age of 8.

Study finds genetic vulnerability to use of menthol cigarettes

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 09:27
A genetic variant found only in people of African descent significantly increases a smoker's preference for cigarettes containing menthol, a flavor additive.

H-RT should be the standard of care for men with low risk prostate cancer, study shows

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 09:20
Results from the NRG Oncology clinical study NRG-RTOG 0415 determined that a hypofractionated radiotherapy schedule, a treatment schedule that delivers a total dose of radiotherapy over a shorter period of time, is not worse than the conventional radiotherapy schedule in terms of bowel, bladder, sexual, and general quality of life as well as anxiety and depression for men with low risk prostate cancer.

New technique using patients' own modified cells could help treat Crohn's disease

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 09:07
A new technique using patients' own modified cells to treat Crohn's disease has been proven to be effective in experiments using human cells, with a clinical trial of the treatment expected to start in the next six months.

Blood clot discovery could lead to development of better treatments for blood diseases

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 08:56
Scientists have discovered new ways in which the body regulates blood clots, in a discovery which could one day lead to the development of better treatments that could help prevent and treat conditions including heart diseases, stroke and vascular dementia.

Intervention can increase exclusive breastfeeding rates

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 08:53
Interventions which educate and support new mothers in West Africa to exclusively breastfeed (where infants are only fed breast milk) can significantly increase the practice, according to new research published in The Lancet Global Health.

Vapers develop cancer-related gene deregulation as cigarette smokers

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 08:49
If you think vaping is benign, think again. A small USC study shows that e-cig users develop some of the same cancer-related molecular changes in oral tissue as cigarette smokers, adding to the growing concern that e-cigs aren't a harmless alternative to smoking.

New project explores how gaming technologies can help cancer patients communicate better

Sat, 02/16/2019 - 08:39
Lancaster University is sharing in a €4m project to use gaming technology to improve the care of both adults and children with cancer.

Testosterone is not the only hormone needed for penis development

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 22:03
A new study has revealed that in addition to testosterone, the masculinization process involves a hormone called androsterone, which originates in other tissues.

6 out of 10 hip replacements last 25 years or longer, according to a new study

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 21:54
A large study on total hip replacement (THR) has shown that six out of ten of these prosthetic devices continue to function well after 25 years.

Study: Women experiencing miscarriage should be offered treatment choices

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 19:11
Women experiencing miscarriage should be offered a choice in the treatment they receive, argues a new study from the University of Warwick that compares all treatment options for the first time.

Excessive daytime sleepiness in OSA patients linked to greater risk for cardiovascular diseases

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 19:00
Adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who experience excessive sleepiness while awake appear to be at far greater risk for cardiovascular diseases than those without excessive daytime sleepiness, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Conformance of genetic characteristics found to be crucial for longer preservation of kidney graft

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:33
The conformance of genetic characteristics is essential for the long-term function after kidney transplantation. This is the central result of a recent study in the top journal “The Lancet” with more than 500 patients after kidney transplantation, conducted by a global consortium led by Rainer Oberbauer and his colleagues Roman Reindl-Schwaighofer and Andreas Heinzel from the Division of Nephrology and Dialysis at MedUni Vienna.

Celiac disease may be caused by gastrointestinal infection in childhood

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:32
A new study has found that a childhood stomach bug may be the cause of celiac disease later in life. The findings could pave the way for a vaccine to protect against the disease.

Study: High intensity exercise may improve health by increasing gut microbiota diversity

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:23
Bacteria, often synonymous with infection and disease, may have an unfair reputation. Research indicates there are as many, if not more, bacterial cells in our bodies as human cells, meaning they play an important role in our physiology.

UVA scientists find potential explanation for mysterious cell death in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:21
Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have identified a potential explanation for the mysterious death of specific brain cells seen in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and other neurodegenerative diseases.