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Variations in skin-related genes influence how efficient we make vitamin D

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 21:29
Genetic variations in the skin can create a natural sunscreen, according to University of Queensland researchers investigating the genes linked with vitamin D.

Light physical activity linked to better daily function for stroke survivors

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 20:49
Researchers used accelerometers to measure daily physical activity in 30 stroke survivors for a week, assessing how much the participants moved and how well they performed routine physical tasks.

Psychoactive ingredient in marijuana may impair ability to produce viable embryos

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 20:37
Female eggs exposed to THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, have an impaired ability to produce viable embryos, and are significantly less likely to result in a viable pregnancy, according to an animal study accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting.

Study shows efficacy of parent-based treatment for childhood anxiety

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 19:23
A study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, reports that an entirely parent-based treatment, SPACE (Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions), is as efficacious as individual cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders.

Badges that help locate nurses repurposed to monitor patient mobility

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 19:05
By repurposing badges originally designed to locate nurses and other hospital staff, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists say they can precisely monitor how patients in the hospital are walking outside of their rooms, a well-known indicator and contributor to recovery after surgery.

Standardized screening for early identification of delirium improves quality of care

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 16:24
A concerted effort to standardize delirium assessment and treatment helped a west Texas hospital reduce the use of high-risk medications and improve the quality of care for critically ill patients, according to a study published in Critical Care Nurse.

Breast density, microcalcifications, and masses are heritable features, analysis reveals

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 15:50
An analysis of a large Swedish cohort revealed that breast density, microcalcifications, and masses are heritable features, and that breast density and microcalcifications were positively associated with a genetic predisposition to breast cancer.

Pilates helps control blood pressure in young obese women

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 12:57
A new paper published in the journal American Journal of Hypertension in April 2020 shows that Pilates could work well when it comes to improving cardiovascular health and controlling blood pressure in young obese women. This group of patients is at high risk for high blood pressure and weak blood vessel health.

Study looks at Russian trolls that polarize vaccination efforts

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 12:44
There has always been controversy surrounding vaccines, but in the past, that was usually overridden by fear of the disease itself. The diseases vaccines prevent can be dangerous or even deadly. However, many anti-vaccination groups add to the confusion of people on the benefits of immunization against infectious diseases.

Patients with hypertension, diabetes and heart disease more likely to die from COVID-19

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 11:42
As the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) evolves, important information emerges, thanks to studies and analyses undertaken by scientists and health experts. With more data available based on patients in actual healthcare settings, scientists have more information on how the virus affects the body and who are at most risk of the disease.

Scientists estimate 2 to 3 percent of Hubei Province’s population has been infected with coronavirus

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 11:21
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has shocked the world. It was first reported in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, in China as a pneumonia-like illness seen in patients who had one thing in common – they visited the Huanan seafood market. Since then, the virus has spread to 180 countries and territories, infecting over 937,000 people worldwide. Now, a new mathematical model developed by scientists at the Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy, shows that about 2 to 3 percent of the total population of Hubei Province has been infected.

Is coronavirus spread through feces?

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 09:30
A startling study from China, published in the journal Gastroenterology in March 2020, reports that the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 can spread via feces as well as the more familiar respiratory droplet route or from virus-contaminated surfaces.

Hereditary genetic defect linked to medulloblastoma destabilizes protein regulation

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 07:52
The causes of 40 percent of all cases of certain medulloblastoma - dangerous brain tumors affecting children - are hereditary.

Majority of patients with mantle cell lymphoma may benefit from CAR T-cell therapy KTE-X19

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 07:42
A one-year follow-up study led by The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center revealed a majority of patients with mantle cell lymphoma resistant to prior therapies may benefit from treatment with CD19-targeting chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy.

Tracking tau protein yields insight into possible treatments for neurodegenerative diseases

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 07:07
In the fight against neurodegenerative diseases such as frontotemporal dementia, Alzheimer's and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, the tau protein is a major culprit.

What are the challenges facing palliative care during COVID-19?

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 06:36
The current COVID-19 outbreak affecting 180 countries and territories across six continents is taking its toll on healthcare systems globally. In particular, there is growing pressure on and concern for triage and palliative care departments. Now, researchers from the University of Toronto, Université Laval, Québec, and the University of Ottawa have published a new study titled, “Pandemic palliative care: beyond ventilators and saving lives,” in the latest issue of the journal Canadian Medical Association Journal that looks to address the challenges in providing palliative care during a viral pandemic.

Duke to lead PCORI-funded study of COVID-19 prevention in healthcare workers

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 06:30
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute has funded up to $50 million to evaluate hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) as a preventive drug for the novel coronavirus.

Measuring the severity of COVID-19 using a model-based analysis

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 06:06
Researchers have modeled the progression and severity of COVID-19. Their study titled “Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis” was published in the latest issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Estimating the case fatality ratio for COVID-19

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 05:31
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (SARS-CoV-2) that causes COVID-19 disease has affected 932,605 individuals and has taken 46,809 lives worldwide. Now, researchers have published a review on the likelihood of survival after SARS-CoV-2 infection. The study titled, “Likelihood of survival of coronavirus disease 2019” is published in the latest issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

CVD risk among people with HIV varies by geography, income

Rss Feed - Thu, 04/02/2020 - 05:12
People living with human immunodeficiency virus infection are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease compared to people without HIV.