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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 20 min 53 sec ago

New way to promote insulin production in pre-diabetes phase discovered

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 23:50
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore scientists have discovered that a type of immune cell known as 'pancreatic islet macrophages' is capable of promoting insulin production during the pre-diabetes phase.

Research breakthrough may lead to new therapeutic targets for cancers

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 23:27
Computational modeling is the use of computers to simulate and study the behavior of complex systems. Computational approaches are widely adopted in the bioimedical sciences and can be used to sift through large volumes of complex data to extract recurrent patterns that may point to a disease's causes and effects.

New study reveals perception of dementia risk, preventive actions among middle-aged Americans

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 23:13
Nearly half of Americans in their 50s and early 60s think they're likely to develop dementia as they grow older, but only 5% of them have actually talked with a doctor about what they could do to reduce their risk, a new study finds.

Study: 15,000 cases of hypophosphatasia potentially undetected in Spanish population

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 23:00
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare and serious hereditary disease that is potentially life-threatening and is caused by one or more mutations in the gene coding for alkaline phosphatase (ALPL). It is frequently misdiagnosed.

UCI researchers develop new cell therapy to improve memory, prevent seizures after TBI

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 22:58
Researchers from the University of California, Irvine developed a breakthrough cell therapy to improve memory and prevent seizures in mice following traumatic brain injury.

Broccoli's effects on kidney health may depend on individual's genetics

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 21:11
New research indicates that the benefits of a dietary compound on kidney health may depend on an individual's genetics. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of JASN, may be helpful for tailoring interventions to prevent or treat kidney disease.

Key Alzheimer's gene variants act differently among Caribbean Hispanics based on ancestry

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 20:22
Researchers looking to uncover the mysteries of Alzheimer's disease have revealed new insights from old variants.

Scientists reverse learning and memory deficits with drugs in animal model of Down syndrome

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 19:40
In a surprising finding using the standard animal model of Down syndrome (DS), scientists were able to correct the learning and memory deficits associated with the condition -- the leading genetic cause of cognitive disability and the most frequently diagnosed chromosomal disorder in the U.S. -- with drugs that target the body's response to cellular stresses.

Age plays key role in the well-being of patients with Type 2 diabetes

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 19:27
A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that age plays a critical role in the well-being of people newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, with younger patients more susceptible to psychological distress resulting in worse health outcomes.

AI-powered CAD software can reduce bias in radiology reports, study finds

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 18:31
A study by the Centre for Advanced Research in Imaging, Neuroscience and Genomics found that AI powered CAD software can reduce hedging and defensive reporting statements in radiologist reports, resulting in clearer more actionable diagnosis descriptions.

Study: Many patients treated for iNPH also develop Alzheimer’s disease

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 18:23
Up to one in five patients treated for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus, iNPH, also develop Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital.

Adoption of state Prescription Drug Monitoring programs linked with death rates from heroin poisoning

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 10:25
A new study at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health found a consistent association between the adoption of state Prescription Drug Monitoring programs (PDMP) and death rates from heroin poisoning.

New scale measures impact of racial discrimination on dating websites for gay, bisexual men

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 10:17
Race-based discrimination and stereotypes are ubiquitous in the online communities and mobile apps that gay and bisexual men use to search for sexual and romantic partners, research indicates.

Parity law succeeds in expanding Medicaid acceptance by substance use disorder treatment centers

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 10:08
A 2008 federal parity law succeeded in expanding Medicaid acceptance by treatment facilities for substance use disorders (SUDs), according to a study by University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers.

New study aims to optimize brain development in babies with congenital heart disease

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 10:01
An upcoming clinical trial at Children's National Hospital will harness cardiopulmonary bypass as a delivery mechanism for a novel intervention designed to stimulate brain growth and repair in children who undergo cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease.

Addictive online shopping prevalent among treatment-seeking patients with BSD

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 09:03
A new study in Comprehensive Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, found that one third of a group of patients seeking treatment for buying-shopping disorder also reported symptoms of addictive online shopping.

Gut microbes may alter the aging process, study finds

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:56
An international research team led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) has found that microorganisms living in the gut may alter the aging process, which could lead to the development of food-based treatment to slow it down.

New research casts doubt on the credibility of China’s organ transplant datasets

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:50
The Chinese government may have been systematically misreporting the number of organs it claims it has voluntarily collected since 2010, according to new research published in BMC Medical Ethics.

Study examines how drug promotion rules influence physician prescribing practices

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:39
Findings from a new study led by researchers at Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine and Harvard Medical School and published in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, show that the way in which pharmaceutical companies are permitted to share information about their drugs can influence physician prescribing practices.

Research shows how bacteria associated with Crohn's disease tolerate antibiotics

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:22
Bacteria associated with Crohn's disease rely on multiple stress responses to survive, multiply, and tolerate antibiotics within white blood cells called macrophages, according to a study published November 14 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Olivier Espéli of the College de France and PSL Research University in Paris, France, and colleagues.