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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 4 min 28 sec ago

Study reveals new role for gene associated with autism spectrum disorder

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 22:27
A UCLA-led study reveals a new role for a gene that's associated with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability and language impairment.

Researchers identify control of a mitochondrial protective mechanism

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 20:16
Mitochondria are known as the "powerhouses" of cells. However, under critical pathophysiological conditions, they can use cellular energy for self-preservation.

Study: Majority of new mothers do not comply with safe sleep recommendations

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 20:14
Fewer than half of new mothers intend to follow important guidelines for keeping their babies safe while sleeping and then follow through on those intentions, a troubling new study reveals.

Malnourishment risk linked to psychological distress among Canadian adults

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 17:35
A new study investigating factors that contribute to psychological distress in adults has found that that risk of malnourishment is linked to psychological distress among Canadians aged 45 years and older.

Study provides evidence of aerosol exposure to microcystins among coastal residents

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 17:19
Florida has experienced numerous harmful algal blooms in recent years, including blue-green algae and their toxins in 2016 and 2018. Despite their intensity and frequency, there is scant data on human exposure to these blooms and concentrations of the toxins they produce in tissues of exposed individuals.

Vitamin D deficiency in postmenopausal women linked to disc degeneration and lower back pain

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 16:34
Lumbar disc degeneration and resulting lower back pain become greater concerns with age and disproportionately affect women more than men, likely as a result of decreasing estrogen levels during menopause.

High testosterone in women ups risk for cancer, diabetes, and metabolic disease

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 12:13
Testosterone is a steroid hormone that triggers the development of male secondary sex characteristics. Though found mainly in men, the ovaries in women release small amounts of testosterone. When combined with estrogen, testosterone aids in the growth and repair of a woman's reproductive tissues.

2019 coronavirus virus officially named COVID-19

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 11:57
The novel coronavirus disease, which has spread from China to 24 other countries around the globe, has received its official name – COVID-19, the World Health Organization (WHO) said.

Many middle-aged women tend to perceive their drinking as normal and acceptable

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 09:17
Women aged 50-70 are more likely than younger women to consume alcohol at levels that exceed low risk drinking guidelines - and most think that's just perfectly fine.

Recent progress in TB diagnostics and prevention approaches offers hope for future

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 08:48
In September 2018, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the NIH, issued its Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Research, which outlined research priorities to reduce and ultimately end the burden of tuberculosis.

KAIST researchers identify mechanism that fuels a 'domino effect' in cancer drug resistance

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 08:14
KAIST researchers have identified mechanisms that relay prior acquired resistance to the first-line chemotherapy to the second-line targeted therapy, fueling a "domino effect" in cancer drug resistance.

One in five operations with in-network surgeons and facilities could result in surprise bills

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 08:10
As if recovering from surgery wasn't hard enough, a new study shows that one in five operations could result in an unwelcome surprise: a bill for hundreds or thousands of dollars that the patient didn't know they might owe.

Age of puberty in girls the world over becoming lower

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 08:09
A new study on the age of initial breast development as the first sign of puberty in girls shows that over the last 40 years, this has come down by an average of 3 months per decade. The study is published in the journal Pediatrics.

A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of adolescent depression

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 07:58
Sedentary behavior during adolescence is a marker of depression in adolescence. A new study reported in The Lancet Psychiatry shows that walking for one hour daily, or doing chores for the same length of time, at the age of 12 years, can reduce the risk of depression at the age of 18 years.

Accumulated brain protein affects genes in Alzheimer's disease

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 07:30
A new study published in February 2020 in the journal Cell Reports shows how the build-up of specific brain cell proteins are linked to altered gene expression that causes the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Individual response to Ebola predicted by new method

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 07:15
The Ebola virus produces widely varying reactions, from asymptomatic illness to death, in people depending on the individual's susceptibility. But what drives this difference in response? A new study published in the journal Cell Reports on February 2020 goes one step further in understanding how the immune system reacts to the virus causing varying levels of severity of disease between cases.

Heroin use increasing among American adults

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 06:57
Earlier studies have shown a startling sevenfold increase in illnesses and deaths directly traceable to heroin use in the USA over less than 20 years. Along with this epidemic, HIV and hepatitis infections acquired by injections of drugs have also broken out in large clusters in many places. Yet, the extent of heroin use itself has been neglected. The current study looked at this overlooked area of research.

Skin cancer-detecting apps could be missing diagnoses finds study

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 06:15
A new study has warned that Smartphone apps that promise to detect skin cancers from moles or marks over the skin could be missing out on potential cancers. These apps say the researchers, could be missing out melanomas and could be declaring potentially dangerous lesions as safe. The results of the study titled, "Algorithm based smartphone apps to assess risk of skin cancer in adults: systematic review of diagnostic accuracy studies," were published this week in The BMJ.

Marijuana use increases false memories finds study

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 06:00
A new study published this week has revealed that the use of marijuana or cannabis can implant false memories. The study titled, "Cannabis increases susceptibility to false memory," was published in the latest issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The U.S. can erase cervical cancer in two decades

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 05:40
Cervical cancer is preventable, thanks to the development of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. Various strains of HPV, a sexually transmitted infection, play a significant role in the event of cervical cancer. Now, the U.S. can eradicate cervical cancer within the next 20 years, according to a new study.