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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 25 min 48 sec ago

Misconceptions surrounding HPV are causing women to miss smear tests

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 19:56
A survey has found that a “concerning” level of misunderstanding and stigma surrounding HPV could be putting women off going for cervical smear tests.

Researchers develop powerful new approach to improve maturation of miniature kidneys

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 16:52
In recent years, researchers have created mini-organs known as organoids in the culture dish that contain many of the cell types and complex microarchitectures found in human organs, such as the kidney, liver, intestine, and even the brain.

Puerto Rican children more likely to have poor or decreasing use of asthma inhalers

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 16:30
Compared to Mexican American children, Puerto Rican children were more likely to have poor or decreasing use of inhaled medication needed to control their asthma, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Fractures, head injuries common in electric scooter accidents, UCLA study finds

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:11
UCLA researchers have found that people involved in electric scooter accidents are sometimes injured badly enough -- from fractures, dislocated joints and head injuries -- to require treatment in an emergency department.

Study: Hearing impairment associated with accelerated cognitive decline with age

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:10
Hearing impairment is a common consequence of advancing age. Almost three-quarters of U.S. adults age 70 and older suffer from some degree of hearing loss.

Large study finds no association between phthalate exposure and breast cancer risk

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:06
In the largest study to date on phthalates and postmenopausal breast cancer, a University of Massachusetts Amherst cancer epidemiology researcher found no association between breast cancer risk and exposure to the plasticizing and solvent chemicals used in such common products as shampoo, makeup, vinyl flooring, toys, medical devices and car interiors.

Pregnant women who undergo gallbladder removal surgery experience longer hospital stays

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:03
Pregnant women produce extra progesterone, which puts them at greater risk for gallstones. When the stones become problematic, causing painful attacks, a surgeon may recommend that the diseased gallbladder be taken out by performing an operation known as a cholecystectomy.

Elite methods provide most benefit to slower runners

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:02
Think state-of-the-art shoes, performance diets and well-thought-out racing strategies are only for elite runners?

New rules requiring female athletes to lower testosterone levels are based on flawed data

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 14:00
New regulations requiring certain female athletes to medically lower their testosterone levels in order to compete internationally are based on "fatally flawed" data, according to new research led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Increased activity of EHMT2 gene deficient neurons could cause autism in humans

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 13:57
A novel investigation into the impacts of neuronal mutations on autism-related characteristics in humans has been described in the open-access journal eLife.

Study investigates the role of estrogen in controlling glucose homeostasis

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 13:53
The results of a recent Texas A&M University-led study provide insights into the mechanism by which estrogen can decrease insulin resistance and the production of glucose, reducing incidences of Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Study aims to customize epilepsy treatment by stimulating the brain non-invasively

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 13:47
Stimulating the brain with implanted electrodes is a successful, but very drastic measure. Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology, Kempenhaeghe, Philips and Gent University will therefore be working on a method to stimulate the brain using electrodes that are placed on the head rather than inside it.

Relapse dreams more common in people with severe alcohol, drug addiction history

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 13:46
Vivid dreams involving drinking and drug use are common among individuals in recovery. A study from the Massachusetts General Hospital Recovery Research Institute, published in the January issue of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment after online release in October 2018, finds these relapse dreams are more common in those with more severe clinical histories of alcohol and other drug problems.

Exercise efficiency decreases in recreational cyclists when they pedal very hard

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:51
A new study published today in the International Journal of Sports Medicine has found that exercise efficiency decreases in recreational cyclists when they pedal very hard, incorporating more revolutions per minute.

Low-calorie meals have protective effect against some diseases, reveals research

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:37
The number of calories a person eats directly influences the performance of different cells. A group of researchers from the University of São Paulo has shown that low-calorie meals have a protective effect against some diseases.

Study estimates value of investing in antibiotic to reduce repercussion in influenza pandemic

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:29
There have been roughly three global pandemic influenza outbreaks each century for the past four hundred years, each of which have resulted in larger numbers of infections and deaths.

Few primary care physicians lack enough knowledge of cancer treatment options

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:19
The idea of team-based cancer care most often focuses on involving primary care physicians in the care of cancer survivors. But research has shown patients are discussing initial cancer treatment options with their primary care doctors.

New AI-driven platform analyze how pathogens infect human cells

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:11
Researchers have developed a new AI-driven platform that can analyze how pathogens infect our cells with the precision of a trained biologist.

Human consciousness depends on the brain's ability to maintain dynamics of neural activity

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:08
Consciousness, from the moment we go to sleep until we wake up, seems to come and go every day. Consciousness can be temporarily abolished by pharmacological agents or more permanently by brain injury.

Studies address racial disparities in postpartum period and cardiovascular health

Wed, 02/13/2019 - 11:48
Cardiovascular disease and hypertensive disorders are leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Two studies will be presented on February 14, 2019, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, that address racial disparities in the postpartum period with a special focus on cardiovascular health.