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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 59 min 21 sec ago

Study may explain how chemoresistance evolves over time in some triple-negative breast cancers

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 06:09
Triple-negative breast cancer is an aggressive form of the disease accounting for 12 to 18 percent of breast cancers. It is a scary diagnosis, and even though chemotherapy can be effective as standard-of-care, many patients become resistant to treatment.

Newly developed drug compound may help treat Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 06:02
Scientists have developed a new drug compound that shows promise as a future treatment for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, an inherited, often painful neurodegenerative condition that affects nerves in the hands, arms, feet and legs.

Low-cost blood test for multiple myeloma can deliver same diagnostic information as bone biopsy

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 05:58
The diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma, a cancer affecting plasma cells, traditionally forces patients to suffer through a painful bone biopsy. During that procedure, doctors insert a bone-biopsy needle through an incision to get a bone marrow sample -; or make a larger incision and remove a section of bone via surgery.

Researchers find crucial links between dopamine and avoidance behavior

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 00:31
Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have for the first time found direct causal links between the neurotransmitter dopamine and avoidance – behavior related to pain and fear.

Study findings could open new possibilities for treating cancer with adenovirus

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 00:21
Adenovirus is a common virus that causes infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, eyes and gastrointestinal tract in humans and animals. Researchers at Umeå University study molecular mechanisms of infection in order to understand how adenovirus causes disease.

Normal weight people with fat belly may have more chance of heart problems

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 00:10
Belly fat, even in people who are not otherwise overweight, is bad for the heart, according to results from the Mayo Clinic presented today at EuroPrevent 2018, a European Society of Cardiology congress.

Meditation could help reduce anxiety levels and some heart health risk factors

Sat, 04/21/2018 - 00:01
It sounds like a late-night commercial: In just one hour you can reduce your anxiety levels and some heart health risk factors. But a recent study with 14 participants shows preliminary data that even a single session of meditation can have cardiovascular and psychological benefits for adults with mild to moderate anxiety.

Scientists find link between soil metals and cancer mortality

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 23:53
Spanish epidemiologists and geologists have found associations between esophageal cancer and soils where lead is abundant, lung cancer and terrains with increased copper content, brain tumor with areas rich in arsenic, and bladder cancer with high cadmium levels.

Study shows connection between muscular strength and brain health

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 23:50
A study of nearly half a million people has revealed that muscular strength, measured by handgrip, is an indication of how healthy our brains are.

New imaging technology to effectively screen for colorectal cancer among young adults

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 21:41
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the country. While the rates of colorectal cancer among patients older than 50 years old has decreased in recent years due to screening, it has increased by 22 percent among those under the age of 50, which could place a burden on the health care system over the next decade.

Evolutionary history of tumor helps predict severity of prostate cancer

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 20:41
Findings from Canadian Prostate Cancer Genome Network (CPC-GENE) researchers and their collaborators, published today in Cell, show that the aggressiveness of an individual prostate cancer can be accurately assessed by looking at how that tumor has evolved. This information can be used to determine what type and how much treatment should be given to each patient, or if any is needed at all.

Role of UBE3A enzyme in Angelman syndrome

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 20:40
The group, led by the Ikerbasque professor Ugo Mayor of the UPV/EHU's Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, has just published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics an explanation of the mechanisms affected by Angelman syndrome.

UConn researchers develop new composite for healing broken load-bearing bones

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 20:38
University of Connecticut researchers have created a biodegradable composite made of silk fibers that can be used to repair broken load-bearing bones without the complications sometimes presented by other materials.

Experts discuss implications of low calcium intake in global population

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 20:20
The new interactive Global Map of Dietary Calcium Intake in Adults, launched today by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), reveals that many populations are not getting enough calcium in their diets. The Map reflects the findings of a recent study published by an IOF Calcium Steering Committee*

Study reveals surprising insights into RNA-binding proteins

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 20:06
A host of special molecules called nuclear RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), when misplaced outside the nucleus, form the harmful clumps seen in several brain disorders, including frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Experimental compound reduces destructive inflammation to improve stroke outcome

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 16:30
An experimental compound appears to improve stroke outcome by reducing the destructive inflammation that can continue months after a stroke, scientists report.

Walking fast lowers risk of hospitalization in heart patients, shows study

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 16:20
Faster walking patients with heart disease are hospitalized less, according to research presented today at EuroPrevent 2018, a European Society of Cardiology Congress, and published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

DePuy Synthes announces clinical results related to use of CORAIL Hip System Femoral Stems

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 15:46
DePuy Synthes, part of the Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies, announced today clinical results associated with the use of its CORAIL Hip System Femoral Stems.

Consumption of protein supplements with meals may provide better weight control

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 15:36
A new systematic review of available evidence appearing in Nutrition Reviews, published by Oxford University Press, indicates that consuming protein supplements with meals may be more effective at promoting weight control than consuming supplements between meals in adults following an exercise regimen.

FSU receives $1.5 million federal grant for innovative suicide prevention research

Fri, 04/20/2018 - 13:07
An alarming spike in suicides among U.S. military service members and veterans over the past 15 years is prompting the Department of Defense to turn to Florida State University's renowned suicide research program to find solutions.