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Updated: 41 sec ago

Trend analysis in Japan reveals Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may not be so rare anymore

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 06:32
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a debilitating disorder that causes rapid degeneration of the brain as well as progressing dementia.

Study tackles the role of the renin-angiotensin system on COVID-19 pathophysiology

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 06:32
Vinicius Novaes Rocha, a researcher at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora in Brazil, provides an insight into the role of the renin-angiotensin on the pathophysiology of COVID-19, paving the way for developing new treatment methods in the journal Medical Hypotheses.

Study finds direct link between physical fitness, cognitive performance, and optimal nutrition

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 06:14
Researchers at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Abbott and, the U.S. Air Force Research Lab announced today the results of a new study that found a direct link between physical fitness, cognitive performance, and optimal nutrition.

Untreated obstructive sleep apnea linked with increased hospitalization from flu

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 06:04
As we approach flu season, adults with obstructive sleep apnea may want to take extra precautions. A study published online as an accepted paper in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine is the first to find that patients with sleep apnea who did not use CPAP therapy were more likely to be hospitalized with the flu.

Scientists discover key enzyme involved in the development of autoimmune diseases

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:58
Scientists affiliated with the Center for Research on Inflammatory Diseases (CRID, hosted by the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil, have discovered that an enzyme involved in key metabolic processes also plays a role in immune cell differentiation and hence in the development of autoimmune diseases.

Student adherence to control measures could significantly reduce COVID-19 risk

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:56
Researchers at the University of Warwick in the UK have conducted a modeling study showing that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) could readily spread among students in the university setting if non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are not properly adhered to.

New project to use plasma jets to decontaminate vital medical equipment exposed to Covid-19 virus

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:42
A NEW project developed by Lancaster University's Health Innovation Campus and Material Science Institute will see pioneering technology used to decontaminate vital medical equipment exposed to the Covid-19 virus, via a partnership with University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust.

COVID-19 has increased the urgency of advanced care planning, WVU study shows

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:36
No one likes to think about their own mortality. But COVID-19 has shoved life's dark questions to the forefront: "What if I'm hooked to a ventilator and can't speak?" "If my heart stops beating, do I want to be resuscitated?" "Where do I want to die?"

Melatonin may increase survival chances among intubated COVID-19 patients

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:33
Researchers at Columbia University in New York have conducted a study showing that patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who require intubation and mechanical ventilation due to respiratory distress may benefit from treatment with the hormone melatonin.

Temple researchers identify criteria to predict cytokine storm in COVID-19 patients

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:29
Like a cold front that moves in, setting the stage for severe weather, coronavirus infection triggers showers of infection-fighting immune molecules - showers that sometimes escalate into a chaotic immune response known as a cytokine storm.

Study finds characteristics of nursing home residents more likely to be hospitalized after ED visit

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:12
Transfers from the nursing home to the emergency department (ED) or the hospital can have negative longer-term impact on the health of older adults.

Immunoglobulin M ACE2 autoantibodies associated with severe COVID-19

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:07
As the COVID-19 pandemic progresses with little prospect of immediate relief, a recent study by Johns Hopkins University researchers published on the preprint server medRxiv* in October 2020 discusses the association of Immunoglobulin M (IgM) autoantibodies against the host receptor that binds severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with severe disease via vascular endothelial damage. This could help develop better therapies and prognostic criteria.

Hydrogels and magnetic field could be used to rebuild complex body tissues

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 05:04
Using a magnetic field and hydrogels, a team of researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have demonstrated a new possible way to rebuild complex body tissues, which could result in more lasting fixes to common injuries, such as cartilage degeneration.

Research could pave way for personalized cochlear implants

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 04:58
Cochlear implants are a groundbreaking technology that has changed the lives of many people living with severe to profound hearing loss.

Perceived risk of COVID-19 infection increases likelihood of depression among people in Soweto

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 04:50
Associations between depression and issues such as hunger, violence, poor healthcare, and high rates of poverty have long been recognized, but this study is the first to look at the mental health effects of the pandemic and national lockdown in South Africa under those conditions.

Greater social engagement related to better microstructural integrity of the brain in older adults

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 04:44
Older people who report greater levels of social engagement have more robust gray matter in regions of the brain relevant in dementia, according to new research led by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Oral antiseptics and mouthwashes may have the ability to neutralize human coronavirus

Mon, 10/19/2020 - 23:08
Certain oral antiseptics and mouthwashes may have the ability to inactivate human coronaviruses, according to a Penn State College of Medicine research study.

Three new research teams aim to improve therapies for difficult-to-treat pediatric cancers

Mon, 10/19/2020 - 22:58
While incredible progress has been made in advancing pediatric cancer research, critical unmet needs still exist, especially for more aggressive cancers such as neuroblastomas and Ewing sarcoma.

Novel multimodal intervention improves physical fitness and cognitive function

Mon, 10/19/2020 - 19:47
Researchers studied the effects of a 12-week exercise regimen on 148 active-duty Air Force airmen, half of whom also received a twice-daily nutrient beverage that included protein; the omega-3 fatty acid, DHA; lutein; phospholipids.

Children diagnosed with ADHD, autism frequently visit hospitals and doctors during infancy

Mon, 10/19/2020 - 19:43
Children who are later diagnosed with autism and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder visit doctors and hospitals more often in their first year of life than non-affected children, suggesting a potential new way to identify the conditions early.