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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 5 min 13 sec ago

Maintaining VDR levels in pancreatic cells could protect against diabetes

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 16:43
Maintaining vitamin D receptor levels in pancreatic cells that synthesize and secrete insulin could contribute to protecting against the development of diabetes and counteract pancreatic cell damage caused by the progression of the disease.

Disasters have a major impact on cervical cancer screening for years

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 15:58
Cervical cancer screening rates in Japan were significantly affected in the years following the devastating Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, Tohoku University scientists report in the journal PLOS ONE.

Microbiome could help identify pre-cancer risk in women with HPV

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 06:55
A new study published in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens in March 2020 reports the possible use of the bacteria Gardnerella found in the cervix and vagina of women with Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, as a marker of precancerous change. The findings could help to find new methods of treatment that involve inducing changes in the microbiome to arrest the course of the disease.

Outcomes of mothers giving birth during COVID-19 pandemic

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 05:35
Researchers from Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China have looked at the outcomes of pregnant mothers with COVID-19 and their newborns. Their study titled, “Clinical features and obstetric and neonatal outcomes of pregnant patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective, single-center, descriptive study” was published in the latest issue of the journal The Lancet, Infectious Diseases.

New research initiative to investigate multi-species response to novel coronavirus

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 04:16
Scientists at Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Texas Biomed) today announced the launch of a comprehensive research initiative to investigate multiple animal species and their response to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Factors causing childhood obesity differ for wealthier and poorer countries

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:57
Childhood obesity is not just a public health concern in western countries; it is rising across the world, particularly in poor and low-income countries.

Roscovitine enhances nuclear enrichment of traditionally cytoplasmic signaling molecules

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:53
Oncotarget Volume 11, Issue 12 reported that using the HL-60 human non-APL AML model where ATRA causes nuclear enrichment of c-Raf that drives differentiation/G0-arrest, the research team now observe that roscovitine enhanced nuclear enrichment of certain traditionally cytoplasmic signaling molecules and enhanced differentiation and cell cycle arrest.

Adverse childhood experiences associated with executive dysfunction post-surgical menopause

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:43
Assessing adverse childhood experiences and current anxiety and depression symptoms may help ease cognitive distress in women who have undergone a surgical menopause for cancer risk-reduction, or RRSO, according to a new study published in Menopause.

New CDC report shows 10% increase in U.S. autism rates

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:30
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among 11 surveillance sites as 1 in 54 among children aged 8 years in 2016 (or 1.85 percent).

Stanford scientists describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:19
Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment.

Women physicians drive unfunded studies on pay disparity

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:07
Physician gender pay gaps continue to persist in the U.S. despite an impressive body of research spanning more than 25 years.

NUI Galway study provides insights on neural basis of intelligence

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 02:46
An international collaborative study led by researchers from the NUI Galway provides findings on the neural basis of intelligence, otherwise known as general cognitive ability.

Removing a gene prevents Type 1 diabetes in mice by disguising beta cells

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 02:38
Removing a gene from the cells that produce insulin prevents mice from developing Type 1 diabetes by sparing the cells an attack from their own immune system, a new UW-Madison study shows.

Targeting specific histone deacetylase may be novel therapeutic strategy for NSCLC

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 01:52
The survival rates for patients with non-small cell lung cancer have improved greatly over the past decade thanks to several new targeted treatment options for patients.

Mount Sinai researchers reveal innovative mechanisms to predict and prevent Crohn's disease

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 01:48
In a series of four studies published today in Gastroenterology, a journal of the American Gastroenterological Association, Mount Sinai inflammatory bowel disease researchers, describe the identification of predictive tools and a new understanding of environmental factors that trigger IBD.

New studies investigate role of COVID-19 in breast milk and pregnancy

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 01:24
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine are launching a pair of studies to answer critical questions regarding the roles COVID-19 may play in breast milk and pregnancy.

A quest to unlock the genetic code of SARS-CoV-2

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 01:13
How the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19 made the leap from animals to humans is a puzzle that scientists are trying to solve as humanity comes to grip with the deadly pandemic sweeping the globe.

Study suggests potential therapeutic strategy against diabetes

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 00:59
Maintaining vitamin D receptor levels in pancreatic cells that synthesize and secrete insulin (β cells) could contribute to protecting against the development of diabetes and counteract pancreatic cell damage caused by the progression of the disease.

Experimental heart disease drug may treat chemo-resistant ovarian cancer

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 00:43
Most ovarian cancer starts in fallopian tubes. Then it sloughs from its site of origin and floats around in fluid until finding new sites of attachment. It's not easy for cancer cells to survive away from their moorings.

Highly focused radiation may slow disease progression in men with oligometastatic prostate cancer

Fri, 03/27/2020 - 00:14
Highly focused, intense doses of radiation called stereotactic ablative radiation (SABR) may slow progression of disease in a subset of men with hormone-sensitive prostate cancers that have spread to a few separate sites in the body, according to results of a phase II clinical trial of the therapy.