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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 8 min 5 sec ago

Non-coding enhancer DNA may be key for identifying genetic risk in neurological conditions

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:18
One might think that the primary cause of most genetically linked diseases comes from mutations in coding DNA -- alterations in coding regions of the genome that can lead directly to changes in the expression of particular proteins important for a healthy body.

EHRs get 'F'rating for usability from health care professionals

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 08:12
The transition to electronic health records (EHRs) was supposed to improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare for doctors and patients alike -- but these technologies get an "F" rating for usability from health care professionals, and may be contributing to high rates of professional burnout, according to a new Yale-led study.

Improved method for predicting retinopathy of prematurity could reduce unnecessary tests

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 06:01
A multicenter group of 41 hospitals led by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has confirmed that an improved method for predicting retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a leading cause of blindness in children, was able to reduce the number of babies having invasive diagnostic examinations by nearly a third, while raising disease detection up to 100 percent.

Research explains why immunotherapy fails against prostate cancer bone metastases

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 05:51
Prostate cancer that spreads to the bone triggers the destruction of bone tissue that, in turn, thwarts the effectiveness of immune checkpoint inhibitors by blocking the development of T cells that are crucial to successful treatment, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in Cell.

New treatment stops peanut allergy for 6 weeks with single dose

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 04:12
A small study published in the journal JCI Insight on November 14, 2019, suggests that antibody treatment could help people with severe allergy to peanuts eat a small amount of peanut-containing food just two weeks later, without any ill effects. This seems to show that this is a safe, fast and effective treatment for food allergy.

Altering malarial parasite genes to prevent malaria

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:59
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the parasitic organism called Plasmodium, of which there are several types that cause the different kinds of malarial fever. This age-old infection still kills over 400,000 people every year, all over the world. A new study published in the journal Cell on November 14, 2019, shows how a simple tweaking of the genes of this organism could quite conceivably lead to the elimination of this disease altogether.

Added sugar in 60 percent of infant, toddler foods

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:52
How young do you have to be to escape the lure of unhealthy foods? It’s never too young, finds a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics on November 14, 2019.

New type of bionic pacemaker

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:23
A new study published in the Journal of Physiology on November 14, 2019, reports the development of a radically different type of cardiac pacemaker which could change the prognosis of patients with heart failure.

Lithium corrects radiation damage to brain in young cancer patients

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:04
A new study on mice, published online in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, on November 14, 2019, shows that the intermittent use of lithium, which is widely used to stabilize the mood in conditions such as bipolar disorder, can correct memory and learning losses due to radiation therapy to the brain in very young animals, even when the lithium is given long after the injury.

Terminally ill scientist replumbed as a Cyborg

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 02:44
A 61 year old British scientist suffering from a life threatening muscle wasting disease – motor neurone disease or MND, has managed to convert himself fully into a cyborg called Peter 2.0 making him the first to do so.

PhDs riddled with more stress than students can handle says study

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 02:34
A survey of 6,300 graduates from around the globe found that nearly four in ten of them suffer from mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. This was the fifth and latest such survey, whose results appeared this week in the journal Nature.

Study sheds light on how Zika virus causes microcephaly in newborns

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 02:11
A new study led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine revealed how in utero Zika virus infection can lead to microcephaly in newborns. The team discovered that the Zika virus protein NS4A disrupts brain growth by hijacking a pathway that regulates the generation of new neurons.

Inhaled nanoparticles can help treat lung cancer

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:47
Scientists have reported a new approach to treating lung cancer with inhaled nanoparticles developed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health.

Earliest stage of hearing loss is linked to cognitive decline

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:40
Research has shown that adults with age-related hearing loss have higher rates of cognitive decline. Now, a study from researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons has found that even the earliest stage of hearing loss-when hearing is still considered normal-;is linked to cognitive decline.

Exposure to phthalates and high levels of stress in late pregnancy linked to premature birth

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:39
Women exposed simultaneously to stress and plastic additives late in pregnancy are at increased risk for premature birth, according to a study by Rutgers and other institutions.

Understanding how pressure is regulated in the eye could lead to new treatments for glaucoma

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:33
Scientists in the University of Arizona Department of Physiology have identified a potential molecular mechanism that may hold the key to understanding how pressure is regulated in the eye.

Despite increasing support, LGBTQ+ community continues to face discrimination

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:30
Despite increasing support for the rights of people in the LGBTQ+ community, discrimination remains a critical and ongoing issue for this population, according to researchers.

TACC announces role as key collaborator in NIH grant to study chronic pain and opioid dependence

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:28
Pain impacts nearly every individual at some point in their lives. With more than 25 million adults in the U.S. experiencing daily pain, the U.S. is facing a crisis due to the high prevalence of chronic pain and associated opioid use disorder and overdose deaths.

Short-term increases in sugar consumption could raise risk of inflammatory bowel disease

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:24
Short-term increases in sugar consumption could increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease and have a significant impact on our health, a new study out of the University of Alberta suggests.

Dopamine D2 receptor modulates Wnt expression, controls cell proliferation

Fri, 11/15/2019 - 01:22
The dopamine D2 receptor has a previously unobserved role in modulating Wnt expression and control of cell proliferation, according to a new study from the George Washington University and the University of Pittsburgh.

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