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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 48 min 9 sec ago

MGH researchers uncover potential antiviral drug target for treating infectious diseases

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 05:01
As the coronavirus outbreak shows, viruses are a constant threat to humanity. Vaccines are regularly developed and deployed against specific viruses, but that process takes a lot of time, doesn't help everyone who needs protection, and still leaves people exposed to new outbreaks and new viruses.

Coronavirus can live on common surfaces for nine days - how to kill it

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:51
When a new pathogen wreaks havoc on the planet, scientists from across the globe race to understand how it behaves and spreads. Now, scientists have found that the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) can survive on metal, plastic, and glass for as long as nine days.

Study finds impact of frailty on long‐term outcomes after emergency surgery

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:50
Frailty is the medical term for becoming weaker or experiencing lower levels of activity/energy. Becoming frail as we age increases our risk for poor health, falls, disability, and other serious concerns. This can be especially true for older people facing surgery, up to half of whom are classified as frail.

Macrophages migrate from the blood to attack brain tissue shortly after stroke

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:26
Macrophages are part of the innate immune system and essential for brain development and function. Using a novel method, scientists from Jena University Hospital, the University of Bonn and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York (USA) succeeded in visualizing macrophages that were formed in the bone marrow.

Studies analyze impact of soft drink taxation, marketing and labeling laws

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:19
Laws affecting the labeling, marketing and taxation of sugary soft drinks impact the behavior of both consumers and manufacturers, according to two studies published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Using synthetic cell scaffolds to replace animal testing in cancer research

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:15
In the field of cancer research, the idea that scientists can disrupt cancer growth by changing the environment in which cancerous cells divide is growing in popularity. The primary way researchers have tested this theory is to conduct experiments using animals.

Telemedicine can help pregnant women struggling with opioids

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 04:10
Sarah, a military veteran living on the coast of South Carolina, knew she had a problem. The opioids prescribed for her pain were becoming a headache of their own.

Fossilized dinosaur tail is home to a 60-million-year-old tumor

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:59
The fossilized tail of a young dinosaur that lived on a prairie in southern Alberta, Canada, is home to the remains of a 60-million-year-old tumor.

Young sexual minority men do not fully understand their risk for HPV infection

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:21
Young sexual minority men -- including those who are gay, bisexual, queer or straight-identified men who have sex with men -- do not fully understand their risk for human papillomavirus due to a lack of information from health care providers, according to Rutgers researchers.

UC research could help identify organ donors at risk of developing kidney disease

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:17
Kidney transplantation is the gold standard treatment for end-stage kidney disease and is associated with an advantage over dialysis in both survival and quality of life.

A protein that plays key role in endometrial cancer growth discovered

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:03
The hormone estrogen plays many critical roles in men and women, in both healthy tissues and in cancer. In breast and gynecologic cancers, estrogen sends signals to tumors instructing the cancer cells to grow out of control.

New germ-killing fabric could help stop the spread of communicable diseases

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 02:44
UMass Lowell researchers have created germ-killing fabric that could help stop the spread of communicable diseases.

New study confirms link between type 2 diabetes drug and increased risk of heart problems

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 02:40
A new study published by The BMJ adds to evidence that rosiglitazone - a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes - is associated with increased risk of heart problems, especially heart failure.

App-based digital intervention alleviates depressive symptoms in people living with HIV

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 02:34
Globally more than 36 million people are living with HIV (PLWH), and a third of them have elevated depressive symptoms. Most PLWH live in developing countries with limited access to mental health services due to HIV-related stigma and a shortage of mental health professionals. Widely accessible smart phones offer a promising intervention delivery mode to address this gap.

Greater motor reserve in long-distance skiers may help postpone onset of Parkinson's disease

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 02:15
To better understand the relationship between physical activity and Parkinson's Disease (PD) investigators in Sweden analyzed medical records of nearly 200,000 long-distance skiers who took part in the Vasaloppet cross-country ski race.

NSF CAREER award supports research into biomaterial that promotes osteochondral tissue regeneration

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 02:07
If you're able to walk without pain, give a silent shout-out to your cartilage.

Developing enhanced personalized cancer vaccines

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 01:53
Therapeutic cancer vaccines were first developed 100 years ago and have remained broadly ineffective to date. Before tangible results can be achieved, two major obstacles must be overcome.

Study evaluates feasibility of using T'ai Chi to improve chronic low back pain in older adults

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 01:32
A new study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of using T'ai Chi to improve chronic low back pain in adults over 65 years of age compared to health education and usual care.

Research shows how the brain's immune system could be activated to improve memory

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 01:13
When it comes to memory, immune cells are known as the "bad cops" of the brain. But new research shows they could also be turned into "good cops" to power memory and learning.

Lupus patients who adhere to medications have lower risk of type 2 diabetes

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 01:02
Patients with lupus who take their medications as prescribed have much lower odds of developing type 2 diabetes, a common complication of the disease, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia.