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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 42 min 53 sec ago

For-profit nursing home residents more likely to experience health issues caused by substandard care

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:36
Residents receiving care in for-profit nursing homes are almost twice as likely to experience health issues caused by substandard care compared with clients living in not-for-profit facilities or in homes in the community, according to a new report in the journal Gerontology.

Down syndrome may hold important clues to onset of Alzheimer's disease

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:32
At first glance, Down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease, two severe brain abnormalities, may seem to have little in common. Down syndrome is a hereditary disease, the source of which has long been recognized--a triplication of chromosome 21.

Expanding the knowledge about hippocampus to better understand cognitive deficits in MS

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:26
A recent article by a team of international experts on multiple sclerosis (MS) underscores the importance of expanding the knowledge base about the hippocampus in order to better understand the genesis of cognitive deficits and develop new treatment strategies.

Researchers awarded grant to advance testing of experimental heroin vaccine

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:20
Researchers at the U.S. Military HIV Research Program at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, N.Y., have been awarded a grant to advance an experimental heroin vaccine through Phase I/IIa clinical trials to assess both its safety and its efficacy against a morphine challenge.

Researchers find opportunity to control salt-sensitive hypertension without exercising

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 08:13
Couch potatoes rejoice -- there might be a way to get the blood pressure lowering benefits of exercise in pill form.

Study to explore bioethics of brain organoids

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 08:08
Research scientists around the world are now able to investigate the structural, cellular, and developmental intricacies of the human brain using bioengineered stem cell-based models called organoids.

MLU psychologists investigate how couples handle laughter and banter

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 08:01
Laughter plays an important role in romantic relationships - whether or not it's shared together or directed at the significant other. If partners handle laughter or being laughed at in a similar way, they tend to be quite content with their relationship.

Study of Nigerian breast cancer patients reveals prevalence of aggressive molecular features

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 07:56
A study comparing DNA and RNA data from Nigerian breast cancer patients to patients in a United States database found that certain aggressive molecular features were far more prevalent in tumors from Nigerian women than in black or white American women.

Video monitoring of TB therapy works well in urban and rural areas

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 06:19
Researchers from University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with statewide collaborators, report that patients who recorded videos of themselves taking tuberculosis medications better adhered to treatment than patients who were observed in-person.

Study findings may explain sporadic outbreaks of C. difficile infections in hospitals

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 01:35
Washing contaminated hospital bedsheets in a commercial washing machine with industrial detergent at high disinfecting temperatures failed to remove all traces of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), a bacteria that causes infectious diarrhea, suggesting that linens could be a source of infection among patients and even other hospitals, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

Age-related estrogen increase may be the culprit behind inguinal hernias in men

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 01:13
An age-related increase in estrogen may be the culprit behind inguinal hernias, a condition common among elderly men that often requires corrective surgery, according to a Northwestern Medicine study was published Oct. 15 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Environmental conditions may drive development of multiple sclerosis

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 21:47
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that certain environmental conditions may precipitate structural changes that take place in myelin sheaths in the onset of multiple sclerosis. Myelin sheaths are the "insulating tape" surrounding axons; axons carry electrical impulses in neurons.

Men who conform to 'the man box' more likely to consider suicide and violence

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 21:28
An Australian first study involving 1000 men aged 18 to 30 has found those who conform to traditional definitions of manhood - dubbed 'the man box' - are twice as likely to consider suicide and seven times more likely to be violent towards others.

Early menopause and diabetes may reduce life expectancy

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 21:12
Only in science fiction novels can scientists predict people's lifespans. However, researchers have advanced the understanding of those risk factors that adversely affect mortality rates.

Fish oil based diets may suppress growth and spread of breast cancer cells

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 21:03
Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those typically contained in fish oil, may suppress the growth and spread of breast cancer cells in mice.

Healthy elders can consume walnuts without having negative impact on weight gain, finds study

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 19:59
Researchers at Loma Linda University Health found that walnuts can be incorporated into the daily diet of healthy elders without having a negative impact on weight gain or weight management.

HIV-infected infants more likely to acquire congenital cytomegalovirus infection

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 19:51
Infants born to HIV-positive mothers had high rates of congenital cytomegalovirus, or CMV. Infants who also were infected before birth by the virus that causes AIDS were especially prone to CMV infection.

New research identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in elderly people

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 19:48
For older adults, it may seem as though the die is already cast regarding their odds of developing dementia, but new research from the University of Pittsburgh has identified a dementia risk factor among older adults that should be modifiable even well into old age.

Simple, inexpensive test quickly detects antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs'

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 19:42
When you get sick, you want the right treatment fast. But certain infectious microbes are experts at evading the very anti-bacterial drugs designed to fight them.

Interactive robot helps older people exercise and detects underlying health problems

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 19:38
According to the latest report on the evolution of worldwide population submitted by the United Nations, 13% of today's population is over 60 years of age; and by 2050 this percentage will almost double, reaching 25%.