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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 20 min 54 sec ago

Patient empowerment may be effective strategy to improve physicians’ hand hygiene adherence

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 10:53
Armed with new tools, patients and parents felt empowered to remind healthcare providers to perform hand hygiene, successfully improving compliance rates, but just over half of physicians felt that patients should be reminding providers, according to a new study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Youth admission to substance abuse treatment facilities up, while marijuana use remains unchanged

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 10:38
While marijuana use amongst youth remains stable, youth admission to substance abuse treatment facilities has increased, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Research shows how glutamine plays role in regulating cellular differentiation programs

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 10:27
The 200 different types of cells in the body all start with the same DNA genome. To differentiate into families of bone cells, muscle cells, blood cells, neurons and the rest, differing gene programs have to be turned on or off.

Researchers investigate how previous exposure to West Nile virus affects Zika infection

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 10:20
West Nile virus is no stranger to the U.S.-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could this previous exposure affect how intensely Zika sickens someone now?

Kids First Data Resource Center aims to identify links between birth defects and childhood cancers

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 10:14
Children with structural birth defects are at a much higher risk of developing certain types of childhood cancers but scientists currently lack vital information about why this occurs.

Nanobioelectronics to treat bacterial infection in the stomach

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:38
Nanotechnology has made another breakthrough at the University of California San Diego. For the first time the researchers have shown that micromotors or microscopic robots could be used to treat a bacterial infection in the stomach in mice models win the laboratory.

Researchers discover new brain area involved in spatial memory and navigation

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:33
Navigation in mammals including humans and rodents depends on specialized neural networks that encode the animal's location and trajectory in the environment, serving essentially as a GPS, findings that led to the 2014 Nobel Prize in Medicine.

Liquid biopsies show potential use for cancer screening

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:30
A new study has shown the potential of analyzing cell-free DNA (cfDNA) present in patients’ blood for cancer markers in early cancer detection. This technique was used in some instances for patients who already were diagnosed with a cancer as reported by some studies.

New study aims to provide clarification on concurrent surgery of mitral and tricuspid valves

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:22
Insufficiency (leakage) of the mitral valve in the left side of the heart can also lead to tricuspid valve insufficiency in the right side of the heart.

Study may contribute to development of recommendations for safe pubic hair removal

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:13
Pubic hair grooming is a widespread practice and about a quarter of people who groom reported grooming-related injuries in a national survey, according to a new article published by JAMA Dermatology.

Online education enhances administration of blood clot-preventing medications

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 08:04
Results of a yearlong study funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) with more than 900 nurses at The Johns Hopkins Hospital suggest that well-designed online education can decrease the rate of nonadministration of prescribed and necessary doses of blood thinners to prevent potentially lethal blood clots in hospitalized patients.

Researchers discover way to stop deadly fungus from spreading to the brain

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 07:57
Research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered a way to stop a deadly fungus from 'hijacking' the body's immune system and spreading to the brain.

Research shows probiotics can reduce incidence of sepsis in infants

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 07:52
A research team at the University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Public Health has determined that a special mixture of good bacteria in the body reduced the incidence of sepsis in infants in India by 40 percent at a cost of only $1 per infant.

Doctors warm to single-payer health care

Thu, 08/17/2017 - 06:39
Single-payer health care is still a controversial idea in the U.S., but a majority of physicians are moving to support it, a new survey finds.

New noninvasive approach uses polarized light to help surgeons identify crucial nerves

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 23:44
During operations, it can be difficult for surgeons to avoid severing crucial nerves because they look so much like other tissue.

UC Irvine pharmacology researchers unearth potential roots of schizophrenia

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 23:37
An abundance of an amino acid called methionine, which is common in meat, cheese and beans, may provide new clues to the fetal brain development that can manifest in schizophrenia, University of California, Irvine pharmacology researchers report in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Scientists identify basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in ALS

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 23:29
A team led by scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and Mayo Clinic has identified a basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in a related genetic disorder, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), found in some ALS patients.

Experts explore ways to improve safety of care for nursing home residents with dementia

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 23:20
By 2050, the number of people 65 and older with dementia in the United States is expected to nearly triple – from 5 million to more than 13 million – increasing the numbers in assisted living and nursing homes.

Research finds high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among urban population in Nepal

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 23:03
Changing life-style in urban areas is increasing the risk of heart diseases. Recent research done in an urban population of Nepal's capital Kathmandu to assess their risk factors to cardio vascular diseases has found that the risk factors are high.

Simple odor identification tests may help track progression of Alzheimer's disease

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 22:58
By the time you start losing your memory, it`s almost too late. That`s because the damage to your brain associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may already have been going on for as long as twenty years.

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