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Updated: 49 min 37 sec ago

High-intensity exercise decreases worsening of motor symptoms in Parkinson's patients

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 13:10
High-intensity exercise three times a week is safe for individuals with early-stage Parkinson's disease and decreases worsening of motor symptoms, according to a new phase 2, multi-site trial led by University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and Northwestern Medicine scientists.

Study finds rural-urban disparities in prevalence of dementia and cognitive impairment among seniors

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 12:55
Americans who live in urban areas tend to be healthier than individuals living in rural settings. While this healthcare disparity has been examined for more than a decade, researchers present the first nationally representative study to find that dementia and cognitive impairment have consistently been more prevalent among rural-dwelling seniors than urban dwelling seniors.

Researchers find new role for SHARPIN protein in melanoma growth

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 12:29
Researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery and the Technion in Israel have found a new role for the SHARPIN protein. In addition to being one of three proteins in the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex, regulating NFκB and other inflammatory molecules, SHARPIN modulates PRMT5, an epigenetic master switch that controls several proteins linked to melanoma. The research was published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Huntington's disease drug clears initial hurdles - raising hopes

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 09:59
Huntington’s disease is a genetic disorder that affects the brain progressively and has no known cure till date. In a breakthrough, the first drug that can target and reduce the cause behind this dreaded disease has been found to be effective, safe and well tolerated in a human clinical trial that was conducted by UCL scientists.

Having older brothers may increase the likelihood of being gay

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 09:54
Scientists have found a distinct pattern that having older brothers raise the chances of the younger sibling being gay. This effect has been termed the “fraternal birth order effect”. They explain the biological reason behind this propensity in their new study that was published this week in the journal PNAS.

Patient satisfaction, good caregiver communication linked to reduced risk of hospital readmission

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 09:16
A survey of patients admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has found that patients reporting greater levels of satisfaction with their care and good communication with the health care providers were significantly less like to readmitted to the hospital in the 30 days after discharge.

NIH expected to award up to $70 million to launch Alzheimer's Clinical Trials Consortium

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 09:05
The National Institutes of Health is expected to award up to $70 million over five years to three physician-scientists to launch the Alzheimer's Clinical Trials Consortium, which will create a network of 35 Alzheimer's disease trial sites across the country with the goal of finding new ways to treat or prevent Alzheimer's.

Anesthetics cause similar reaction in plants as they do in animals and humans

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 08:33
A new study published in Annals of Botany shows that plants react to anesthetics similarly to the way animals and humans do, suggesting plants are ideal objects for testing anesthetics actions in future.

Study investigates link between cortisol levels of ICU patients’ family members and anxiety

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 08:24
When a loved one has been hospitalized in intensive care for a critical illness, many family members experience anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress or other negative effects lasting months, according to new research led by Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.

Researchers uncover novel strategy to program immune system for fighting cancer

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 08:17
Looking to bolster the body's immune system in the fight against infection and cancer, researchers at the University of California San Diego and their colleagues have identified a promising new strategy to program the immune system to meet the pathogen or malignancy in the tissues where they first pose a threat.

Study provides new insights into mechanism of tumor survival in glioblastoma

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 08:09
A Northwestern Medicine study, published in the journal Cancer Cell, has provided new insights into a mechanism of tumor survival in glioblastoma and demonstrated that inhibiting the process could enhance the effects of radiation therapy.

Rice scientists develop method to identify patients at high risk of continued seizures before surgery

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 08:03
Surgery to remove a part of the brain to give relief to patients with epilepsy doesn't always result in complete seizure relief, but statisticians at Rice University have developed a method for integrating neuroimaging scans to identify patients at high risk of continued seizures before the surgery takes place.

Researchers find link between brain structure and hallucination proneness, musical aptitude

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 07:49
New research published in Schizophrenia Research conducted at the University of Liverpool links brain structure to an individual's likelihood of experiencing hallucinations and to their musical aptitude.

Brain responses of children with inherited dyslexia risk predict their future reading speed

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 06:46
A study conducted at the Department of Psychology at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland and Jyväskylä Centre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research has found that the brain responses of infants with an inherited risk for dyslexia, a specific reading disability, predict their future reading speed in secondary school.

Researchers discover potential alternatives to tackle drug resistant malaria parasites

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 06:39
A new analysis of all relevant previously published clinical data shows how parasites causing malaria become resistant to a commonly used treatment for malaria in travellers.

Researchers discover potential regulator essential for killer T cells to reside in tumors

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 06:24
Researchers report the discovery that a protein called "Runx3" programs killer T cells to establish residence in tumors and infection sites.

Tgen And Baylor secure federal grant to develop early detection system for pancreatic cancer

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 05:57
A group of the nation's premier cancer researchers led by the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute and the Translational Genomics Research Institute -- has secured a $5.13 million federal grant to develop an early detection system for pancreatic cancer, the nation's third-leading cause of cancer-related death.

LSUHealthNO breakthrough may pave way for advances in obesity-related diseases

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 05:48
For the first time, researchers led by Frank Lau, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Surgery at LSU Health New Orleans, have successfully kept white fat tissue alive outside of the body for up to eight weeks.

Study finds under-age marriage for women as marker of multiple vulnerabilities

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 05:41
A new study of four South Asian countries reveals complex associations between early marriage and women's education, health and nutrition that go beyond the impacts of early childbearing.

Scientists discover specific mechanism of Zika virus-associated microcephaly

Tue, 12/12/2017 - 05:36
Epidemiological studies show that in utero fetal infection with the Zika virus (ZIKV) may lead to microcephaly, an irreversible congenital malformation of the brain characterized by an incomplete development of the cerebral cortex.