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Updated: 52 min 14 sec ago

Research sheds light on potential cause of Minamata mercury poisoning

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 03:25
One of the world's most horrific environmental disasters--the 1950 and 60s mercury poisoning in Minamata, Japan--may have been caused by a previously unstudied form of mercury discharged directly from a chemical factory, research by the University of Saskatchewan has found.

Circulating ceramide ratios may be useful predictors of future dementia risk

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 03:16
Novel blood-based biomarkers for dementia could identify disease at an early preclinical stage, serve as surrogate outcomes for clinical trials of investigational therapies and even identify future potential therapeutic targets.

Researchers investigate how early life trauma contributes to functional neurological disorder

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 03:10
In individuals with functional neurological disorder, the brain generally appears structurally normal on clinical MRI scans but functions incorrectly (akin to a computer software crashing), resulting in patients experiencing symptoms including limb weakness, tremor, gait abnormalities and non-epileptic seizures.

Targeting one's internal clock could prevent or slow breast cancer progression

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 02:58
City of Hope scientists have identified an unlikely way to potentially prevent or slow the progression of aggressive breast cancer: target one's internal clock.

Autophagy genes work against tumors in some ovarian cancers

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 02:40
Shedding light on a decades-old controversy, scientists at the Medical University of South Carolina and University of California at San Diego published findings in PLOS Genetics this month showing that autophagy or "self-eating" genes work against tumors in certain types of ovarian cancer.

Kisspeptin Can Boost human attraction brain pathways, study shows

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 02:22
The researchers behind the early-stage work, published in JCI Insight, are exploring whether kisspeptin can ultimately be used to treat men with common psychosexual disorders - sexual problems which are psychological in origin such as low libido.

Researchers develop high-resolution forecast model for the spread of malaria

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 02:16
Climate change aggravates global health problems, above all for people in Africa. The group "Climate change and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa" funded by the German Research Foundation studies climate-induced damage to health in Burkina Faso and Kenya.

Living in greener neighborhoods may delay onset of menopause

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 02:12
Living near green spaces is associated with a wide variety of benefits, including a lower risk of obesity, improved attention capacity in children and slower physical decline in old age.

New grant-funded project works toward improving sleep in pediatric cancer patients

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 01:55
Pediatric cancer patients may soon get a better night's sleep and experience improved comfort levels, thanks to a new grant-funded project led by a Rutgers University-Camden researcher.

Bilingualism can delay symptoms of dementia, study reveals

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 01:50
A study by York University psychology researchers provides new evidence that bilingualism can delay symptoms of dementia.

Moffitt research may provide a path toward improved multi-drug adaptive therapies

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 01:26
Personalized cancer treatments have greatly improved the lives of patients; however, many eventually develop resistance to these targeted drugs.

Health officials may be underestimating the prevalence of teen e-cigarette use

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 01:21
Juul, the popular e-cigarette brand that is being sued for fueling the youth e-cigarette epidemic, may have influenced high school students' perception of vaping such that some Juul users do not consider themselves e-cigarette users, a Rutgers-led study finds.

Understanding stress-induced bladder dysfunction in children

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 01:16
We know that stress can have a profound impact on health. But it's rare to discover a health issue that is caused directly by stress.

Acid reflux drug may be a promising therapy to reduce preterm birth

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 23:40
Lansoprazole, an over-the-counter acid reflux drug that is often taken by pregnant women, may be a promising therapy to reduce preterm birth, according to a computational drug repurposing study that also tested several of the drugs in mice.

A143T variant of the GLA gene likely to cause late-onset Fabry cardiomyopathy

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 22:57
The A143T variant of the GLA gene is associated with an increased risk of Fabry cardiomyopathy, according to a new study.

Surprising discovery about childhood brain tumor may unlock new cancer treatments

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 22:55
A surprising discovery about a rare form of childhood brain cancer suggests a new treatment approach for that cancer and, potentially, many others.

Study highlights trends in hospitalization, outcomes among veterans with critical limb ischemia

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 17:37
Between 2005 and 2014, the number of veterans who were hospitalized, required amputation or died due to critical blockages in leg arteries declined, according to new research published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions, a journal of the American Heart Association.

Maternal use of cosmetics containing parabens tied to child's future overweight

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 17:10
Parabens are used as preservatives in cosmetics. If pregnant women use cosmetics containing parabens that remain on the skin for protracted periods, this may have consequences for their child's subsequent weight development.

Study tests hypothesis that empty SV40 capsids would improve sepsis outcomes

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 16:58
Numerous previous attempts to develop therapeutic treatments, directed at discreet targets of the sepsis cascade, could not cope with the complex pathophysiology of sepsis and failed.

P53-deficient oral cancers recruit and reprogram nerves to fuel tumor growth

Thu, 02/13/2020 - 10:57
Loss of an important tumor-suppressing gene allows head and neck cancer to spin off signals to nearby nerves, changing their function and recruiting them to the tumor, where they fuel growth and cancer progression, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in the journal Nature today.