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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 11 min 10 sec ago

Conformance of genetic characteristics found to be crucial for longer preservation of kidney graft

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:33
The conformance of genetic characteristics is essential for the long-term function after kidney transplantation. This is the central result of a recent study in the top journal “The Lancet” with more than 500 patients after kidney transplantation, conducted by a global consortium led by Rainer Oberbauer and his colleagues Roman Reindl-Schwaighofer and Andreas Heinzel from the Division of Nephrology and Dialysis at MedUni Vienna.

Celiac disease may be caused by gastrointestinal infection in childhood

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:32
A new study has found that a childhood stomach bug may be the cause of celiac disease later in life. The findings could pave the way for a vaccine to protect against the disease.

Study: High intensity exercise may improve health by increasing gut microbiota diversity

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:23
Bacteria, often synonymous with infection and disease, may have an unfair reputation. Research indicates there are as many, if not more, bacterial cells in our bodies as human cells, meaning they play an important role in our physiology.

UVA scientists find potential explanation for mysterious cell death in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 18:21
Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have identified a potential explanation for the mysterious death of specific brain cells seen in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Common herbicide found to increase the risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 17:23
A new study has shown that the herbicide glyphosphate, could increase the risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma by 41 percent among those who are exposed.

Racial disparities in cancer deaths on the decline for America

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 16:43
A new report has concluded that the racial disparities between cancer deaths among white and black Americans is on the decline.

Scientists implicate hidden genes in the severity of autism symptoms

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 15:42
Scientists at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have implicated a largely hidden part of the human genome in the severity of autism symptoms, a discovery that could lead to new insights into the disorder and eventually to clinical therapies for the condition.

Castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer responds to combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 14:31
Some patients with metastatic prostate cancer respond to a combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors after hormonal therapy and chemotherapy have failed, according to early results from a clinical trial led by investigators at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center presented today at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco.

Immune checkpoint molecule protects against future development of cancer

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 14:24
A research team at the University of Louisville has discovered that an immune checkpoint molecule they developed for cancer immunotherapy, also protects against future development of multiple types of cancer when administered by itself.

Index endoscopy results are crucial for assessment of Barrett's patients

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 13:41
A new study indicates that both high-grade abnormal cellular changes (dysplasia) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (a form of cancer) have increased in the last 25 years among people with a digestive condition known as Barrett's esophagus.

New injury documentation tool may provide better evidence for elder abuse cases

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 13:36
An estimated 10 percent of older adults experience some form of abuse each year. However, the link between injuries and possible elder abuse may take months or years to establish and is often difficult to investigate due to poor documentation during prior medical visits.

WVU gynecologic oncologist investigates novel treatment for cervical and vaginal cancers

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 13:16
Cervical cancer can be insidious. Changes to the cervix are often detected with a pap smear, but for those with limited access to health care, cervical and vaginal cancers can go unnoticed for years--silently growing, spreading and invading other organs--and by the time they're detected, they may be so advanced that the patient's prognosis is poor and her treatment options few.

Newly developed stem cell technologies show promise for treating PD patients

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 13:14
Cell replacement may play an increasing role in alleviating the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) in future. Writing in a special supplement to the Journal of Parkinson's Disease, experts describe how newly developed stem cell technologies could be used to treat the disease and discuss the great promise, as well as the significant challenges, of stem cell treatment.

Sausage mislabeling in Canada is down, new study finds

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 12:55
Sausage mislabelling in Canada is down, according to a new University of Guelph DNA barcoding study.

Large-scale clinical trial begins to study liver transplantation between people with HIV

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 12:51
The first large-scale clinical trial to study liver transplantation between people with HIV has begun at clinical centers across the United States. The HOPE in Action Multicenter Liver Study will determine the safety of this practice by evaluating liver recipients for potential transplant-related and HIV-related complications following surgery.

High-protein and low-calorie diet helps older adults lose weight safely, shows study

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 12:44
A high-protein, low-calorie diet helps older adults with obesity lose more weight, maintain more muscle mass, improve bone quality and lose "bad" fat, according to results from a new randomized controlled trial led by Wake Forest University researcher Kristen Beavers.

Suspicious spots on the lungs of children with rhabdomyosarcoma do not behave like metastases

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 12:27
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumor in the muscle tissue of children and adolescents. About 20 children are diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma per year in the Netherlands. "Metastases in these children are often found in the lungs," says professor Hans Merks of the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, who led the study.

Moffitt researchers shed light on how CAR T cells function mechanistically

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 12:23
The scientific community has made great strides over the past decade in the development of a new class of cancer therapy called immunotherapy, a treatment that activates a patient's own immune system to target cancer cells.

Decolonization protocol after hospital discharge can prevent dangerous infections

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 11:59
Hospital patients who have methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus can prevent future MRSA infections by following a standard bathing protocol after discharge, according to research results published in the February 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Brain synchronization depends on the language of communication

Fri, 02/15/2019 - 11:47
Experts from the Basque research center BCBL have shown for the first time that the way in which the activity of two brains is connected depends on whether the dialogue takes place in the native language or in a foreign language.