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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 20 min 31 sec ago

Allometric model shows human travel is closely related to spread of COVID-19

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 16:11
A new study indicates that the spread of COVID-19 is governed by power-law dynamics, suggesting that alternative modeling approaches need to be used to understand and predict its propagation.

Study analyzes trends in age at natural menopause and reproductive life span among US women

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:53
As females age, their bodies typically undergo two significant changes that generally occur during adolescence and middle age.

Survey data shows strong readiness among young people for COVID-19 vaccination

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:43
As older teens and young adults become eligible for COVID-19 vaccination across the country, and younger teens await their turn, new survey data suggest a strong readiness that has grown since fall.

Study reveals how DNA segments function in cells

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:38
A new study co-authored by University of Colorado Cancer Center researcher Srinivas Ramachandran, PhD, shows how DNA segments known as enhancers function in cells.

Study shows how alcohol may affect the brain, offers potential treatments for alcohol misuse

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:34
The slurred speech, poor coordination, and sedative effects of drinking too much alcohol may actually be caused by the breakdown of alcohol products produced in the brain, not in the liver as scientists currently think

Adults with periodontitis transmit bacteria that can later cause the disease in their children

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:24
Adults with periodontitis transmit bacteria that can cause the disease in future to their children, and the bacteria remain in the oral cavity even when the children undergo treatment of various kinds, reinforcing the need for preventive care in the first year of a baby's life.

Study may lead to new therapies for patients suffering from Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:18
A new study, led by the University of California, Irvine (UCI), reveals how chronic inflammation promotes muscle fibrosis, which could inform the development of new therapies for patients suffering from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a fatal muscle disease.

Cocoa consumption improves health of obese mice with liver disease

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:07
Supplementation of cocoa powder in the diet of high-fat-fed mice with liver disease markedly reduced the severity of their condition, according to a new study by Penn State researchers, who suggest the results have implications for people.

Air pollution can increase severity and hospitalization in COVID-19 patients with pre-existing respiratory conditions

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:04
Patients who have preexisting respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and live in areas with high levels of air pollution have a greater chance of hospitalization if they contract COVID-19, says a University of Cincinnati researcher.

Anti-diabetic drug phenformin may prompt stronger cancer-fighting activities

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 11:00
The anti-diabetic drug phenformin may prompt stronger cancer-fighting activities than its sister compound metformin, a finding that could have major implications for current and future clinical trials investigating both agents for their anti-cancer potential, according to researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).

More than half of COVID-19 patients report persistent symptoms 12-months after infection

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:55
In a new study, appearing on the pre-print server medRxiv*, researchers at the University of Trieste and Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS in Italy report that more than half of patients with previous mild-to-moderate symptomatic COVID-19 complained of the persistence of at least one symptom 12-months after the onset of the illness.

Intestinal worm infections can make African women more vulnerable to sexually-transmitted viral infections

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:45
Intestinal worm infections can leave women in sub-Saharan Africa more vulnerable to sexually-transmitted viral infections, a new study reveals.

New mathematical model predicts the spread of COVID-19

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:44
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) have developed a new mathematical model for predicting how COVID-19 spreads.

Researchers awarded $2.7 million grant to investigate sex differences in social reward

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:40
Georgia State University researchers have been awarded a five-year, $2.7 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate how oxytocin and dopamine act in the reward circuits of the brain to make social interactions rewarding for males and females.

Study reveals how neural systems process and store information

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:29
Research breakthrough in understanding how neural systems process and store information. A team of scientists from the University of Exeter and the University of Auckland have made a breakthrough in the quest to better understand how neural systems are able to process and store information.

Series of reviews discuss key issues in chronic kidney disease and bone disorders

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:24
Metabolic bone disease is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and involves a broad spectrum of disorders of mineral metabolism that result in both skeletal and extra-skeletal consequences.

COVID-19 deadlier than cars for over 40s, study finds

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:23
The study, which appeared on the pre-print server medRxiv, presented mortality rates and case-fatality rates for COVID-19 compared with other historic leading causes of death in the United States.

Study: ER visits for suicidal behavior decreased by 40% during early months of pandemic

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:21
While people may expect suicide rates to rise during a worldwide crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic, a University of Michigan study suggests the onset of the pandemic and state of emergency executive orders likely did not increase suicide-related behavior in the early months of the outbreak.

Study identifies differences in biomarkers of inflammation between novel diabetes subgroups

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:16
Chronic inflammation is increasingly a focus of research. A recent study has now identified differences in indicators of inflammation between novel diabetes subgroups. But what does this mean for the future?

Multi-center study to provide evidence-based guidance on how to treat youth anxiety

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 10:15
Anxiety disorders affect one in five youth. Generally, a child is treated with either cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or medication. But despite the high prevalence of anxiety, there is no study-based evidence to compare the success rate of medication versus CBT.