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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 10 min 52 sec ago

New software wrapper boosts ability of existing neuron tracing algorithms

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:51
Putting a turbo engine into an old car gives it an entirely new life--suddenly it can go further, faster. That same idea is now being applied to neuroscience, with a software wrapper that can be used on existing neuron tracing algorithms to boost their ability to handle not just big, but enormous sets of data

Heterogeneity may drive longer lives in females, study reveals

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:41
Females often live longer than men -- this is true for humans and for many other animal species. The phenomenon exists even when you adjust for male risky behavior which leads to more early male deaths than female (car accidents, wars, homocides, etc).

Researchers discover cellular mechanism that underlies development of autoimmune diseases

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:22
A research team from iMM Lisboa led by Luís Graça has found a cellular mechanism that underlies the development of autoimmune diseases.

NETRF announces $4 million in collaborative grants to study neuroendocrine tumors

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:17
The Neuroendocrine Tumor Research Foundation today announced its largest research commitment ever -- $4 million in collaborative grants -- most from its new Accelerator Grants program to study neuroendocrine tumors, a widely misunderstood, commonly misdiagnosed cancer type, without adequately identified genomic drivers.

Study findings provide insight into changes in thermal comfort

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:10
Whether you prefer a cool summer night with a gentle breeze or a crystal clear and still winter day, the human perception of temperature, or thermal comfort, whilst largely dependent on the temperature itself, involves several other climate variables, such as humidity and wind speed.

International consensus statement on recognizing and treating sport-related concussions published

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 06:04
There is no question that concussion is among the more concerning injuries in sport today. The question is how to best detect, assess, treat and prevent it.

Food insecurity linked to poorer mental health status

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 05:46
Food insecurity affects nearly 795 million people worldwide. Although a complex phenomenon encompassing food availability, affordability, utilization, and even the social norms that define acceptable ways to acquire food, FI can affect people's health beyond its impact on nutrition.

Nose2Brain project aims to develop better therapy for multiple sclerosis

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 00:07
Medically active substances are normally distributed via the blood - either directly by injection into the bloodstream or indirectly, for example through the digestive tract after oral administration.

Marijuana use among pregnant women linked to low birth weight infants

Fri, 04/28/2017 - 00:02
In a new study, researchers in London, Ontario found that women who used marijuana while pregnant were almost three times more likely to have an infant with low birth weight than women who did not use marijuana.

Study findings provide insights into pharmacophobia

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 23:44
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics the attitudes of patients toward medication are analyzed, with special reference to pharmacophobia.

Researchers examine morbidity linked to depressive disorders

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 23:38
Ross Baldessarini and an international group of investigators have analyzed the morbidity associated with depressive disorders in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Study suggests ‘synergistic’ link between exercise and vitamin D for better heart health

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 23:31
Johns Hopkins researchers report that an analysis of survey responses and health records of more than 10,000 American adults for nearly 20 years suggests a "synergistic" link between exercise and good vitamin D levels in reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Fecal microbiota transplant may be effective treatment option for ulcerative colitis, research suggests

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 23:20
A single transplant of microbes contained in the stool of a healthy donor is a safe and effective way to increase diversity of good bacteria in the guts of patients with ulcerative colitis, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian.

Pregnant mother’s family history linked to increased risk of preterm birth

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 23:00
If a pregnant mother has a family history of premature birth, she is at risk for a preterm birth of her baby, according to a new study by researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and Soroka University Medical Center.

Antidepressant improves drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier, rat study shows

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 22:50
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain.

Study finds significant presence of multidrug-resistant bacteria among nursing home residents

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 22:35
The significant presence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria, such as E. coli, among nursing home residents demonstrates the need for heightened infection control prevention and control measures in nursing homes, according to a meta-analysis published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

New blood test could help identify women at higher risk for developing gestational diabetes

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 22:26
A new study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital has found that a single measurement of plasma glycated CD59 (GCD59), a novel biomarker for diabetes, at weeks 24-28 of gestation identified, with high sensitivity and specificity, women who failed the glucose challenge test as well as women with gestational diabetes.

Simple eye test can diagnose early signs of glaucoma

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 22:20
A SIMPLE eye test could help solve the biggest global cause of irreversible blindness, glaucoma. In clinical trials, the pioneering diagnostic -- developed by researchers at University College London and the Western Eye Hospital -- allowed doctors to see individual nerve cell death in the back of the eye.

New research on functional brain networks offers insights into causes and symptoms of epilepsy

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 22:04
Epilepsy is a complex neurological disorder that afflicts approximately 50 million people worldwide. Although this disease has been known to exist for centuries, the exact mechanism of its cardinal symptom, the epileptic seizure, remains poorly understood.

Research reveals how alterations in excitation/inhibition balance may lead to psychiatric disorders

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 21:37
In a special issue of Biological Psychiatry titled "Cortical Excitation-Inhibition Balance and Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders", guest editors Dr. Alan Anticevic and Dr. John Murray, both of Yale University, bring together seven reviews that highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes awry.