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Latest Medical Research News and Research
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Researchers identify strategies to mitigate disturbed axonal transport in ALS patients

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 17:35
A team of researchers at VIB and KU Leuven used stem cell technology to generate motor neurons from ALS patients carrying mutations in FUS. They found disturbed axonal transport in these motor neurons, but also identified genetic and pharmacological strategies that mitigate this defect.

USC study reveals how schizophrenia has biological effect on the entire brain

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 17:06
Some 40 years since CT scans first revealed abnormalities in the brains of schizophrenia patients, international scientists say the disorder is a systemic disruption to the brain's entire communication system.

Most ovarian cancers start in the fallopian tubes, study finds

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:57
Most - and possibly all - ovarian cancers start, not in ovaries, but instead in the fallopian tubes attached to them.

Discovery may lead to new approach for treating MS

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:41
Around 2.5 million people are affected by the autoimmune disease Multiple Sclerosis (MS), the commonest central nervous system disease among young adults.

Novel gene expression signature assay could help enhance lymphoma management

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 11:19
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive cancer and the most frequently diagnosed non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide (nearly 40% of cases). Recent advancements indicate that both the prognosis and choice of treatment of DLBCL may depend on identifying its molecular subtype.

Researchers use new model to predict intergenerational predisposition to C-section

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 10:55
During the last decades, rates of Caesarean section have multiplied; by now it is one of the most frequently performed surgical treatments worldwide. Even if many of these C-sections are not strictly medically indicated, human childbirth is complicated and risky compared to that in other primates.

CHOP researchers discover key differences among gene fusions in childhood brain tumors

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 10:44
Researchers investigating pediatric low-grade gliomas, the most common type of brain tumor in children, have discovered key biological differences in how mutated genes combine with other genes to drive this childhood cancer.

Dietary combination transforms lethal breast cancers into highly treatable form

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 10:24
Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have found a dietary combination that transforms the most lethal of all breast cancers into a highly treatable breast cancer.

Scientists develop revolutionary blood screening test to diagnose breast cancer

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:54
In a potential major breakthrough in breast cancer research, scientists at the Center for Translational Cancer Research at the Helen F. Graham Cancer Center & Research Institute of Christiana Care Health System have developed a revolutionary new blood test to diagnose breast cancer.

White men who exercise at high levels have greater risk for plaque buildup in arteries

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:41
White men who exercise at high levels are 86 percent more likely than people who exercise at low levels to experience a buildup of plaque in the heart arteries by middle age, a new study suggests.

Magic mushrooms chemical Psilocybin for treatment of hard-to treat depression

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:25
A new study from UK has found efficacy of psilocybin – a chemical found in “magic mushrooms”, in severe depression. The study involved 19 patients with severe depression. The patients took the psilocybin and around half of them improved and reported maintained improvement after 5 weeks of therapy. The patients however also received psychological care along with the treatment.

Lack of sleep among pregnant women linked to increased risk of gestational diabetes

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:18
The amount of time spent sleeping in the United States has dropped significantly in the past twenty years with almost a quarter of women and 16 percent of men experiencing insufficient sleep. Now, a new study has found that lack of sleep among pregnant women may be a contributing factor to the development of gestational diabetes.

Factors associated with disparities in breast cancer survival studied

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:18
According to a latest study, several factors are responsible for the differences in the survival statistics of the non-elderly women with breast cancer. For example in 2012, the health reports had revealed that black women have a 43% higher risk of death when affected with breast cancer compared to their white counterparts.

Wake Forest Baptist scientists win grant to develop more effective treatments for brain cancer

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:12
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive cancer that originates in the brain. Current therapies can slow the disease, but more often than not can't cure it.

Scientists discover new non-genetic cause of resistance to anti-cancer therapies

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 08:04
The targeted anti-cancer therapies cetuximab and panitumumab are mainstays of treatment for advanced colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States.

Portable scanner can measure limb disfigurement easily in patients with elephantiasis

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 07:54
An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis.

Medical students may be more confident than knowledgeable on nutritional recommendations

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 07:50
Ohio University researchers found medical students may be more confident than knowledgeable when it comes to nutrition. Of the 257 medical students studied, more than 55 percent were confident they could counsel patients on nutritional recommendations, but half did not achieve a passing score on a nutrition quiz, according to a study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Findings reveal how seizures can have lasting detrimental effects on memory

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 06:35
Although it's been clear that seizures are linked to memory loss and other cognitive deficits in patients with Alzheimer's disease, how this happens has been puzzling. In a study published in the journal Nature Medicine, a team of researchers reveals a mechanism that can explain how even relatively infrequent seizures can lead to long-lasting cognitive deficits in animal models.

Stress may just as harmful to our body as bad diet, BYU study finds

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 06:15
We all know that a poor diet is unhealthy, but a new BYU study finds that stress may just as harmful to our bodies as a really bad diet.

CHLA and Keck Medicine of USC develop new liquid biopsy for tumor of the retina

Tue, 10/17/2017 - 06:11
Retinoblastoma is a tumor of the retina that generally affects children under 5 years of age. If not diagnosed early, retinoblastoma may result in loss of one or both eyes and can be fatal. Unlike most cancers that are diagnosed using a biopsy, retinoblastoma tumors cannot be directly biopsied.