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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 54 min 38 sec ago

Researchers propose skin hardness as physiological sign to estimate human thermal status

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 13:16
Under the same temperature and humidity, human thermal status may vary due to individual body constitution and climatic environment.

Novel method uses just a drop of blood to monitor effect of lung cancer therapy

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 13:12
Dr Tasuku Honjo won the 2018 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for discovering the immune T-cell protein PD-1. This discovery led to a set of anti-cancer medications called checkpoint inhibitors, one of the first of which was nivolumab (Opdivo).

Study: Nurses making conscientious objections to ethically-relevant policies lack support

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 13:07
One-on-one interviews with eight nurses in Ontario revealed that nurses making conscientious objections to ethically-relevant policies lack concrete supports and need protection in healthcare practice settings.

Elective induction of labor at 39 weeks may be beneficial option for women and their babies

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 13:04
As the prevalence of maternal and fetal complications increases with advancing pregnancy beyond 39 weeks, induction of labor at 39 weeks has been proposed as a means to ensure optimal maternal and newborn health.

Preoperative weight loss may not provide health benefits after surgery

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 12:59
For obese and overweight patients, it is common for various surgical procedures to be deferred until they have lost weight through diet and exercise.

Study reveals link between childhood abuse and higher arthritis risk in adulthood

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 12:55
In a survey-based study of 21,889 adults in Canada, severe and/or frequent physical abuse during childhood and frequent childhood exposure to intimate partner violence were linked with higher risks or arthritis during adulthood arthritis, even after controlling for a range of factors. The findings are published in Arthritis Care & Research.

New blood test could spare cancer patients from unnecessary chemotherapy

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 12:47
Cancer patients could be spared unnecessary chemotherapy - and its side effects - by a new blood test that is in clinical trials at more than 40 hospitals in Australia and New Zealand.

Environment impact of microplastics remains unclear

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 12:30
Scientists say there is not yet enough evidence to conclude that microplastics do or do not cause harm to the environment, following a review of more than 300 global studies.

Study identifies factors associated with prescription opioid misuse among students

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 12:26
In a survey-based study of 9,449 university students at a large, public Midwestern university, misusers of prescription opioid medications were more likely to live off campus, have a lower grade point average, and exhibit increased impulsivity.

Patients with hypertension and psoriasis more often require cardiovascular interventions

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:56
Psoriasis is linked with increased risks of hypertension and cardiovascular disease, but its effect on the course of cardiovascular disease remains unknown.

Misuse of prescription opioids or benzodiazepines associated with suicidal thoughts

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:48
Misuse of prescription opioids or benzodiazepines (such as Xanax) was associated with suicidal ideation in a study of US older adults.

Participation in organized sport during childhood may have long-term skeletal benefits

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:40
Participation in organized sport during childhood and adolescence is associated with bone mass at 20 years of age, according to a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study.

Nutrition has bigger positive impact on bone mass and strength than exercise

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:36
One question that scientists and fitness experts alike would love to answer is whether exercise or nutrition has a bigger positive impact on bone strength.

Antidepressant treatment may lead to improvements in sleep quality of patients with depression

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:33
In a study of 15 patients affected by major depressive disorder and complaining of insomnia, initiating treatment with vortioxetine for their depressive symptoms led to significant improvements in subjective sleep quality and daytime sleepiness.

Researchers to develop new stem cell-based strategies for treating vision disorders

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:20
A team from the University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and University of Wisconsin--Madison are launching a project to develop new strategies for treating vision disorders using cells implanted in the retina.

Mindfulness-based program effective for reducing stress in infertile women

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:10
An eight-week mindfulness-based program was effective for reducing stress and depressive symptoms while increasing general well-being in a study of infertile women.

Many healthy children may have metabolic risk factors, finds study

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:05
More than a quarter of otherwise healthy six-year-old children may have metabolic risk factors that put them at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, according to results from an Acta Paediatrica study.

Study finds undiagnosed prediabetes in many infertile men

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 11:02
In a study of 744 infertile men, prediabetes was found in 114 (15.4 percent) of participants. Certain factors were linked with prediabetes in the BJU International study, and they might be useful markers for identifying men who could benefit from early preventive interventions to safeguard against the development of diabetes.

Researchers discover why heart contractions are weaker in individuals with HCM

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:53
When a young athlete suddenly dies of a heart attack, chances are high that they suffer from familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Itis the most common genetic heart disease in the US and affects an estimated 1 in 500 people around the world.

Study finds lower youth violence in countries with complete ban on corporal punishment

Wed, 10/17/2018 - 10:49
A study published today in the BMJ Open shows that in countries where there is a complete ban on all corporal punishment of children there is less fighting among young people.