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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 7 min 10 sec ago

Lumpectomy plus radiation associated with reduced risk of breast cancer death, study finds

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 12:13
Lumpectomy plus radiation was associated with a small clinical benefit in reduced risk of breast cancer death compared with lumpectomy or mastectomy alone in women with ductal carcinoma in situ, a noninvasive early form of breast cancer.

Genetically modified mosquitoes and special bed nets help tackle deadly diseases

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 10:16
Researchers at the Imperial College’s South Kensington campus have successfully created genetically modified mosquitoes that would stop them from multiplying and spreading dreaded diseases such as malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika that kill millions worldwide annually.

Connection between Alzheimer’s disease and degenerative eye diseases

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 10:09
According to a new study from the University of Washington School of Medicine there could be an association between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and three types of degenerative eye diseases.

FOXM1 contributes to treatment failure in acute myeloid leukemia

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 07:03
Previous research has revealed that patients with acute myeloid leukemia who also have a particular mutation in a gene called NPM1 have a higher rate of remission with chemotherapy. About one-third of leukemia patients possess this favorable mutation, but until now, how it helps improve outcomes has remained unknown.

Autoimmune response drives neurodegeneration in glaucoma

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 07:02
A research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Genetic sequencing method identifies pathogens behind respiratory illnesses in Uganda

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:45
A study led by researchers at Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the Department of Medicine at the Columbia University Irving Medical Center reports on the use of a genetic sequencing method to identify viral pathogens behind unexplained respiratory illnesses in Uganda over a five-year period.

Study finds prevalence of substandard and falsified medicines in developing countries

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:38
A new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found that substandard and falsified medicines, including medicines to treat malaria, are a serious problem in much of the world.

New type of bed net could prevent millions of malaria cases, shows research

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:32
A new type of bed net could prevent millions of cases of malaria, according to new research published in The Lancet today (10 August).

Reduced levels of chaperone protein may have implications for development of Parkinson’s disease

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:26
Reduced levels of a chaperone protein might have implications for the development and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia, according to new research from investigators at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Autoimmune response contributes to vision loss in glaucoma patients

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:18
A research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and MIT has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Psychedelics may one day be used to treat mental health disorders

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:10
Many people think of psychedelics as relics from the hippie generation or something taken by ravers and music festival-goers, but they may one day be used to treat disorders ranging from social anxiety to depression, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

Study: Many pediatric brain tumor survivors do not achieve complete independence as adults

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:05
In the first study of its kind, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have found that more than half of pediatric central nervous system tumor survivors do not achieve complete independence as adults.

Average consumption of salt found to be safe for heart health

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 05:59
New research shows that for the vast majority of individuals, sodium consumption does not increase health risks except for those who eat more than five grams a day, the equivalent of 2.5 teaspoons of salt.

Novel blood-based marker may help predict kidney cancer years before clinical diagnosis

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 05:46
A critical biomarker of kidney disease may help predict clear cell kidney cancer - the most common form of kidney cancer - years before clinical diagnosis. Kidney-injury-molecule-1 can be detected in the urine and blood and is generally present at low levels in healthy individuals.

Adolescent health programs receive only a tiny share of international aid, finds research

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 05:39
Melbourne's Murdoch Children's Research Institute, in partnership with Harvard Medical School, has discovered that adolescent health programs across the developing world receive only a tiny share of international aid, even though young people make up 30 percent of the population of low-income countries.

Transmission of F. tularensis unlikely to happen through the food chain

Sat, 08/11/2018 - 05:27
In Germany, 41 cases of tularemia were reported in 2016. The infections are mainly due to direct contact with infected animals or with insect vectors like ticks and mosquitos.

Scientists uncover mechanisms responsible for development of fibrosis

Fri, 08/10/2018 - 21:47
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an incurable lung disease of unknown origin with limited treatment options. Research suggests that the signaling molecule WNT5A plays a key role in the pathogenic process.

Glaucoma could be an autoimmune disorder, study suggests

Fri, 08/10/2018 - 21:45
Glaucoma, a disease that afflicts nearly 70 million people worldwide, is something of a mystery despite its prevalence. Little is known about the origins of the disease, which damages the retina and optic nerve and can lead to blindness.

Palliative care associated with reduced risk of suicide in veterans with lung cancer

Fri, 08/10/2018 - 21:41
Results from a large-scale patient population study, recently published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, reveal palliative care is associated with a reduced risk of suicide in veterans diagnosed with advanced stage lung cancer.

Researchers uncover new details in how the olfactory epithelium develops

Fri, 08/10/2018 - 21:39
Dogs, known for their extraordinarily keen senses of smell, can be trained to use their sensitive sniffers to find drugs, bombs, bed bugs, missing hikers and even cancer. Among dogs and other animals that rely on smell, at least one factor that may give them an advantage is a sheet of tissue in the nasal cavity.

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