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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 43 min 7 sec ago

Researchers discover Ebola-fighting protein in human cells

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 01:06
Researchers have discovered a human protein that helps fight the Ebola virus and could one day lead to an effective therapy against the deadly disease, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Researchers discover new mechanism behind spread of malignant pleural mesothelioma

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 00:13
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is divided into three subtypes, one of which is particularly aggressive. Researchers from the Comprehensive Cancer Center of MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital have now managed to discover a mechanism that contributes to this aggressive behavior: the tumor cells of this subtype are able to assume special characteristics that promote migration and therefore spread of the cancer.

Genetic study reveals new insights into underlying causes of moderate-to-severe asthma

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 00:05
The largest-ever genetic study of people with moderate-to-severe asthma has revealed new insights into the underlying causes of the disease which could help improve its diagnosis and treatment.

Research identifies nerve-signaling pathway behind sustained pain after injury

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 00:01
A toddler puts her hand on a hot stove and swiftly withdraws it. Alas, it's too late--the child's finger has sustained a minor burn. To soothe the pain, she puts the burned finger in her mouth.

Children with high levels of callous traits show widespread differences in brain structure

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 23:58
Children with elevated levels of callous traits—such as a lack of remorse and disregard for other people's feelings—show widespread differences in brain structure compared with children with lower levels of the traits, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry.

Cancer patients have greater risk of developing shingles, study shows

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 23:53
People newly diagnosed with cancer, particularly blood cancers, and those treated with chemotherapy have a greater risk of developing shingles, according to a new study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Probiotics may offer therapeutic benefits for biopolar patients

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 21:13
A new study has shown that probiotics may serve as a potential therapeutic approach to bipolar disorder and other psychiatric conditions.

New project aims to understand why and how metabolic disorders develop in patients

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 16:45
The global prevalence of diabetes has reached more than 410 million individuals, underscoring the need for novel therapeutic strategies targeting the pathology as a multi-organ disease.

The effect of probiotics on intestinal flora of premature babies

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 16:32
According to our current understanding, intestinal microflora has a considerable effect upon our health. The initial colonization with bacteria directly after birth could be of significant importance for the development of the intestinal flora, which then accompanies us throughout our entire lives.

Study investigates attitudes toward implementation of 'sex as a biological variable' policy

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:53
In 2016, the National Institutes of Health implemented a policy which requires grant applicants to "consider sex as a biological variable" in vertebrate animal and human studies. A new study surveyed NIH study section members in 2016 and 2017 regarding their attitudes toward the policy and found that a majority of respondents thought that it was important to consider SABV in the experimental design and that considering SABV would improve the rigor and reproducibility of NIH-funded preclinical research.

Study reveals urban and rural differences in prenatal exposure to essential and toxic elements

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:40
New findings from a team of Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine researchers reveal urban and rural differences in prenatal exposure to essential and toxic elements.

Chronic rhinitis associated with hospital readmissions for asthma and COPD patients

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:38
Patients hospitalized for either asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have a higher risk of being readmitted for a hospital stay within 30 days of release if they also suffer from chronic rhinitis, according to a trio of researchers at the University of Cincinnati.

UAlberta scientists identify biomarkers for detecting Alzheimer's disease in saliva samples

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:32
University of Alberta scientists have identified three biomarkers for detecting mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease in saliva samples. The research has promising results for application in a clinical setting.

Occupational exposure to pesticides increases risk for cardiovascular disease among Latinos

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:12
Latinos who are exposed to pesticides in their workplaces are twice as likely to have cardiovascular disease compared with Latinos who are not exposed to pesticides at work, according to a new study published in the journal Heart.

Scientists develop new stem cell line to study conversion of stem cells into muscle

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 13:05
To help patients with muscle disorders, scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have engineered a new stem cell line to study the conversion of stem cells into muscle. Findings appeared in Cell Reports.

Study: Loss of tight junction barrier protein results in gastric cancer development

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:58
Tight junctions are multi-protein complexes that serve as barriers in epithelial tissues such as the skin or lining of the gut. Loss of a specific tight junction barrier protein, claudin 18, occurs in the majority of gastric cancer patients and is correlated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

RUDN medics first to gather scattered data on hepatitis morbidity in Somalia

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:36
Viral hepatitis means liver inflammation caused by viruses and is among top-10 mortality factors in the world. It is passed with contaminated food and water, through contact with infected blood, via common use of household appliances such as manicure or shaving sets.

Researchers create noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:28
Researchers at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, have created a noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire based on changes in shape. The method could be used to observe nerve activity in light-accessible parts of the body, such as the eye, which would allow physicians to quantitatively monitor visual function at the cellular level.

Higher physical activity associated with improved mood

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:19
Increasing one's level of physical activity may be an effective way to boost one's mood, according to a new study from a team including scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in collaboration with the National Institute of Mental Health Intramural Research Program.

New model could cure the potential to underestimate how quickly diseases spread

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:15
Researchers from the New York University Tandon School of Engineering and Politecnico di Torino, Italy, have developed a mathematical model that could cure the potential to underestimate how quickly diseases spread.