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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 33 min 56 sec ago

Early diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy associated with improved outcomes

Mon, 11/18/2019 - 00:35
Women who are diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) during late pregnancy or within a month following delivery are more likely to experience restored cardiac function and improved outcomes compared to those who are diagnosed later in the postpartum period, according to a new study from Penn Medicine.

Rare DNA variants linked to sudden cardiac death

Mon, 11/18/2019 - 00:31
Sudden cardiac death affects 220,000 U.S. adults annually, most of whom have no prior symptoms of a heart issue.

Yale study uncovers why belly fat surrounding organs increases as people age

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 09:52
A study by researchers at Yale has uncovered why belly fat surrounding organs increases as people age, a finding that could offer new treatment possibilities for improving metabolic health, thereby reducing the likelihood for diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis that stem from inflammation.

Smokers who switch to e-cigarettes show improvement in their vascular health

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 09:45
Cigarette smokers who switch to nicotine containing vaporizers could significantly improve their vascular health, a major University of Dundee study has concluded.

Melbourne researchers find how MAIT cells identify and attack foreign invaders

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 09:37
Melbourne researchers have identified what makes a specialized immune cell, known as mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT), cells boost their numbers and attack foreign invaders at the site of the infection.

Study shows link between inflammation and mental sluggishness

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 09:13
Scientists at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the University of Amsterdam have uncovered a possible explanation for the mental sluggishness that often accompanies illness.

Yale-led study provides roadmap to discover new treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 08:55
A Yale-led collaborative study boosts scientific understanding of how the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progresses, providing a roadmap for researchers to discover new treatment targets for the disease.

Older Mexican Americans experiencing pain more likely to become frail, study shows

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 08:51
Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have found that older Mexican Americans who suffer from pain were 1.7 times likelier to become frail, compared to study participants who did not report pain.

National trial seeks participants to test lifestyle treatments for metabolic syndrome

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 08:44
One-third of Americans have metabolic syndrome – up from one-quarter just ten years ago and it is underdiagnosed.

CSU awarded $1.2 million subcontract to accelerate tuberculosis vaccine development

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 08:40
A team of researchers in the Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology at Colorado State University aim to advance what is known about the complex immune response necessary to prevent tuberculosis disease.

Study provides new insights into potential outcomes of Zika virus infection

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 02:21
Using a relevant animal model (pigs), University of Saskatchewan researchers have shown that mild Zika virus infection in fetuses can cause abnormal brain development in apparently healthy young animals.

Access to mobile phone location data can help understand spread of vector-borne diseases

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 01:48
Researchers from EPFL and MIT have shown that human mobility is a major factor in the spread of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue even over short intra-city distances. In a paper published in Scientific Reports, the team compares different mobility models and concludes that having access to mobile phone location data can prove crucial in understanding disease transmission dynamics - and, ultimately, in stopping an outbreak from evolving into an epidemic.

Report investigates impact of smoking, alcohol on cerebellum and related cognitive function

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 01:32
There is consistent evidence that having an alcohol use disorder is associated with abnormalities in the cerebellum, a structure attached to the bottom of the brain that is involved in coordinating posture and balance but also in supporting some cognitive functions.

Relevant social stimulus may diminish the preference to drugs

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:59
Researchers of the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Malaga (UMA), specialized in addictive disorders, have demonstrated in an animal model that the presence of a relevant social stimulus reduces interest in cocaine.

Researchers evaluate potential of FMT, pre- and probiotics to treat Parkinson's patients

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:51
Constipation is a common complaint in patients with Parkinson's disease. Fecal microbiome transplantation and pre- and probiotics are potential options for treating constipation and restoring the microbiome of patients with Parkinson's disease, but scientists warn that clinical data are scarce, and more research is needed before supporting their use.

HIV-exposed but uninfected individuals at risk of obesity and asthma-like symptoms

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:51
Adolescents and young adults who were born to mothers with HIV but remained uninfected themselves still face a greatly heightened risk of obesity and asthma-like symptoms, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital have found.

Newly identified antibody has potential to stop, reverse pulmonary arterial hypertension

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:36
Scientists at the University of Sheffield, working in collaboration with drug and vaccine developer Kymab Ltd, Cambridge, have identified a novel antibody that has the potential to become a new treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

Study shows importance of targeted antibody treatment for patients with wet macular degeneration

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:25
Wet age-related macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S. Breakthrough treatments come with a steep price tag and treatment burden for the patient, but a new study suggests their benefits to patient health and society top billions of dollars, or more, if adherence could be improved.

Popular pod-based electronic cigarette can deliver more nicotine at faster rate than others

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:25
When it comes to nicotine delivery, not all electronic cigarettes are created equally, according to Penn State researchers. New research from Penn State College of Medicine shows that JUUL, a popular pod-based electronic cigarette, can deliver more nicotine at a faster rate than most other types of electronic cigarettes that have been studied.

For cancer screening, nudges need to be directed to both clinicians and patients

Sat, 11/16/2019 - 00:00
When the electronic health record is programmed to automatically flag and create orders for patients needing cancer screenings, doctors are significantly more likely to order them, a new Penn Medicine study shows. However, the study showed that the other part of the equation -- patients following through on those screenings -- was unaffected by the increase in orders.