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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 19 min ago

Researchers examine SSRI use during pregnancy and major gestational malformations

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 09:38
A comprehensive new review article presents the most current understanding of the role selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors play in increased risk of multiple diverse gestational malformations and takes aim at the ongoing debate over whether SSRIs as a drug class can cause these malformations.

Research points to potential new treatment for hearing loss

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 08:17
Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore the hearing loss. In a new study, out today in the European Journal of Neuroscience, scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea - a part of the inner ear - that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals and can be permanently lost due to age or noise damage.

Study finds lack of progress in media representation of nurses over last 20 years

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 08:14
A replication of the 1997 "Woodhull Study on Nursing and the Media" found nurses continue to be underrepresented as sources in heath news stories despite their increasing levels of education and expertise.

Ketamine can be considered as alternative to opioids for short-term pain control in ED

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:56
Intravenous, low-dose ketamine is as effective as intravenous morphine in the control of acute pain in adults in the emergency department.

Patients coerced into mental health care less likely to perceive treatment as effective

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:39
While some may choose on their own to seek help for untreated mental illnesses, others can be substantially influenced by others or coerced into care by court order.

Endurance exercise training beneficially alters gut microbiota composition

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:34
According to recent research, endurance exercise training beneficially modifies gut microbiota composition. After six weeks of training, potentially inflammation causing microbes (Proteobacteria) decreased and microbes that are linked to enhanced metabolism (Akkermansia) increased.

Neck collar device may help protect the brain of female high school soccer players

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:30
A new study of female high school soccer players suggests that a neck collar may help protect the brain from head impacts over the course of a competitive soccer season.

Moms' tight work schedules may affect their children's sleep

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:25
It may be tough for working moms to get a good night's sleep, but working tight hours may affect their children's sleep, too.

Study highlights need for increased support for alcohol-related liver disease patients

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:17
Two in three ALD patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) survived for less than a year afterwards, the study shows.

Neuropsychiatric symptoms related to earliest stages of Alzheimer's brain pathology

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 22:13
UC San Francisco researchers, in collaboration with the unique Brazilian Biobank for Aging Studies at the University of São Paulo, have shown that the earliest stages of the brain degeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease are linked to neuropsychiatric symptoms including anxiety, depression, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances.

Breastfeeding reduces the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in infant gut

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 19:00
A new study from the University of Helsinki shows that babies that are breastfed for at least six months have less antibiotic-resistant bacteria in their gut compared with infants breastfed for a shorter time. In addition, antibiotic use by mothers increases the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in infants.

Vast majority of dementia cases may arise from spontaneous genetic errors

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 16:17
Only a small proportion of cases of dementia are thought to be inherited - the cause of the vast majority is unknown.

Males who spend more time taking care of kids have greater reproductive success

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 16:07
Males have greater reproductive success if they spend more time taking care of kids -- and not necessarily only their own, according to new research published by anthropologists at Northwestern University.

Research reveals how the inner ear processes speech

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 15:50
Results from a research study published in Nature Communications show how the inner ear processes speech, something that has until now been unknown. The authors of the report include researchers from Linköping University, Sweden, and Oregon Health & Science University, United States.

Sub-concussive impacts not associated with decline in neurocognitive function

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 15:18
In an investigation of head impact burden and change in neurocognitive function during a season of youth football, researchers find that sub-concussive impacts are not correlated with worsening performance in neurocognitive function.

Breast tomosynthesis detects 34% more tumors than traditional mammography

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 15:13
After screening 15 000 women over a period of five years, a major clinical study in Sweden has shown that 3D mammography, or breast tomosynthesis, detects over 30% more cancers compared to traditional mammography – with a majority of the detected tumours proving to be invasive cancers.

Potential 'early warning markers' for sepsis discovered

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 15:08
A multi-site research collaboration supported by a Technology Strategy Board Grant has shown that immune response signatures could be used as an early warning test for the serious condition sepsis in patients attending emergency departments with suspected infection.

New project aims to deliver fast, effective treatment for autoimmune rheumatic diseases

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 14:34
Affecting around 2 % of the population, autoimmune rheumatic diseases can have severe symptoms, including painful and swollen joints, fever, rashes, fatigue and sensitivity to the sun, with patients needing regular check-ups.

Scientists shed light on roles of transcription factors, TP63 and SOX2, in squamous cell carcinoma

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 13:26
Squamous cell carcinomas are aggressive malignancies arising from squamous epithelium of various organs, such as esophagus, head and neck, lung and skin. Previous studies demonstrated that two master transcription factors, TP63 and SOX2, effect genomic activation in SCCs.

Increasing vigorous exercise reduces risk factors of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease in children

Mon, 10/15/2018 - 13:09
Physical exercise can reduce the risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease even in children, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows.