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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 28 min 44 sec ago

Foods rich in LH dipeptide may help maintain good mental health

Sat, 09/14/2019 - 06:02
A research group led by Professor Tomoyuki Furuyashiki and Associate Professor Shiho Kitaoka (Graduate School of Medicine) in collaboration with researcher Yasuhisa Ano of Kirin Holdings have made discoveries regarding the effect of the dipeptide Leucine-Histidine in suppressing microglial activation and depression-associated emotional disturbances.

Physical activity may attenuate unfavorable atherogenic changes in menopausal women

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 23:20
A new study on menopausal women shows that leisure-time physical activity is associated with a healthier blood lipid profile. However, results suggest that leisure-time physical activity does not seem to entirely offset the unfavorable lipid profile changes associated with the menopausal transition.

Fight or flight response may originate in our bones

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 21:44
A new study suggests that the main coordinator of the body’s fight-or-flight response is a hormone called osteocalcin, which is secreted by bone.

Bone marrow cells contribute to pregnancy success in mouse model

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 21:28
Scientists report that stem cells derived from the adult bone marrow can dictate whether a woman becomes pregnant.

Disabled people marginalized by programs that are designed to support them

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 19:53
Disabled people face being marginalized by the very programs that are designed to help them.

More severe OSA associated with higher blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 17:59
In patients with high blood pressure resistant to treatment who also have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the more severe their OSA, the higher their blood pressure, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Addressing serious illness in older patients with a 'surprise' question to clinicians

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 17:19
Three-quarters of older adults with a serious illness visit the emergency department during the last six months of their lives. Many will be admitted to the hospital. Some will never leave. But only a minority of patients have a conversation with their physician about preferences for end-of-life care before it is too late in their disease course for their wishes to be expressed.

Failed cancer drug could potentially be used to treat fibrotic diseases and scleroderma

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 16:34
Sixteen years ago, a research group at Mayo Medical School published results showing that a protein called TRAIL can kill cells that cause liver fibrosis but no one seemed to follow up on these findings.

Parkinson’s patients benefit from “gamified” home exercise

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 12:14
Exercise is always difficult to sustain for more than a short period, in most cases. This is all the more true if you’re already sick or in pain, or find movements difficult, as with Parkinson’s disease.

Abnormal gut bacteria linked to poor cognitive performance in vets with PTSD and cirrhosis

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 12:08
A study involving military veterans with PTSD and cirrhosis of the liver points to an abnormal mix of bacteria in the intestines as a possible driver of poor cognitive performance--and as a potential target for therapy.

Study reveals how breast cancer uses exosomes to metastasize to the brain

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 12:02
Metastasizing breast cancers typically seek out the bones, lung, and brain. Brain metastases are especially dangerous; many women survive for less than a year after diagnosis. How is the cancer able to get past the blood brain barrier? And can it be blocked?

Plant-based diet could heal your rheumatoid arthritis

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 10:46
According to the latest review, adopting a plant-based diet could well relieve the swollen joints and pain of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Texas Biomed researchers pinpoint important mechanism behind TB/HIV co-infection

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 10:32
Tuberculosis and HIV - two of the world's deadliest infectious diseases - are far worse when they occur together. Now, Texas Biomedical Research Institute researchers have pinpointed an important mechanism at work in this troubling health problem.

Surgery crucial for people with drug-resistant epilepsy

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 09:17
Epilepsy is a chronic, central nervous system or neurological disorder wherein the brain activity becomes impaired, leading to seizures. In some cases, it leads to periods of unusual behavior, loss of awareness, or altered sensations.

Protein messengers from human microbiome shed light on human health

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 09:04
The human body has been studied for centuries, but there are still mysteries that are yet to unfold. For instance, it was discovered that there are trillions of bacteria living inside the body, those that are beneficial for health. Now, studies are focused on studying the human microbiome and how they affect health and well-being.

Study: Only few trauma centers offer recommended assessment of stress disorders

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 08:58
Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder are common among trauma patients and caregivers – but only a small percentage of US trauma centers offer recommended assessment and education regarding stress disorders, reports a survey study in the September/October Journal of Trauma Nursing, official publication of the Society of Trauma Nurses.

Virginia Tech scientist receives American Heart Association award to study stroke recovery

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 08:52
When someone has an ischemic stroke, doctors work swiftly to remove the arterial blockage and restore blood flow to the brain. But sometimes even once the blockage is removed, there's lasting - sometimes fatal - damage.

Promising new drug being developed for polycystic kidney disease

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 08:34
Researchers have developed a potential new drug for the treatment of Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) – a deadly genetic condition affecting the kidneys that leads to formation of swellings or cysts within the kidney that cause it to fail.

New gene therapy helps stroke patients develop new neurons

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 04:16
Ischemic stroke is a condition in which parts of the brain lose their blood supply, causing nerve damage. Once brain tissue suffers irreparable harm, the patient will experience irreversible disability or death, depending on the extent of neuronal loss.

Forbidden fruit: Scientists venture into “embryoid” manufacturing

Fri, 09/13/2019 - 04:05
After working on stem cells for several years, scientists have now announced that they have found a way to synthesize structures that look like very primitive human embryos. While some hailed the discovery, others questioned the ethical basis of manufacturing synthetic humans.