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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 34 min 43 sec ago

Research says in SARS-CoV-2 canine infection, transmission unlikely

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:56
A new study published on the preprint server bioRxiv* in September 2020 shows that pet dogs have been falling sick and dying of a mysterious respiratory infection, often showing the presence of anti- severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies, even though in many cases they do not test positive for COVID-19.

New model counters the threat of recurring pandemic waves

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:52
How a second wave of COVID-19 infections may evolve across Europe over the next few months, using data on infection rates and travel within and between European countries, is modelled in a Scientific Reports paper.

Researchers address logistical and ethical quandaries of cross-cultural research

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:49
A group of social scientists who conduct cross-cultural research are casting a critical lens on their own practices.

Experts review common and vexing issues affecting people with Parkinson's disease

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:45
Well over six million people globally have been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, which has an enormous impact on the lives of patients and their families and incurring mounting costs for society.

Molecular insights may foster effective therapies for COVID-19 patients

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:41
Viral and bacterial pathogens wield pathogenic or virulent proteins that interact with high-value targets inside human cells, attacking what is known as the host interactome. The host interactome is the network map of all the protein-protein interactions inside cells.

Rock-eating bacteria could help ensure food security

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:40
UC Riverside is leading an effort that could help ensure food security and improve the worst effects of climate change -- by studying rock-eating bacteria and fungi.

Aerosol-based study of COVID-19 risk indoors, and the impact of preventive measures

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:36
A recent study describes the estimated risk of COVID-19 transmission via aerosols in many different situations, as well as the expected reduction in risk associated with the use of various preventive measures.

Predatory bacteria use unique tools to escape safely from prey cell

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:36
Predatory bacteria, capable of invading and consuming harmful bugs such as E .coli and Salmonella, use a unique tool to help them escape the cell they have invaded without harming themselves, according to a new study.

Men with COVID-19 have worse outcomes than women, confirms study

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:34
New research presented at this week's ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID, online 23-25 September) confirms that men with COVID-19 have worse outcomes than women, possibly related to them experiencing higher levels of inflammation.

Researchers investigate molecular mechanism responsible for the hypnotic effects of thalidomide

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:29
Thalidomide is a medication with several different effects, one of which is promoting sleep in the context of insomnia.

Brazil becomes global hotspot for COVID-19 pandemic

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:27
Two nationwide COVID-19 antibody seroprevalence studies from Brazil show that many cities along the Amazon were hit hardest at the beginning of the epidemic in May and June, along with poorer and Indigenous communities.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy helps distinguish brain energy molecules

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:11
Researchers at Center for BrainHealth®, part of The University of Texas at Dallas, recently examined how cells in the brains of people at risk for developing Alzheimer's disease make and use energy.

Polyphenolic compound offers new therapeutic option for chronic inflammatory disorders

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 11:08
Various plants and their products are known to contain "bioactive" ingredients that can alleviate human diseases. These "phytocompounds" often contain restorative biological properties such as anti-cancerous, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects.

Maternal gut microbiota can promote healthy fetal brain development

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:55
During pregnancy in mice, the billions of bacteria and other microbes that live in a mother's intestines regulate key metabolites, small molecules that are important for healthy fetal brain development, UCLA biologists report Sept. 23 in the journal Nature.

Study reveals how loss of protein arginine methyltransferase affects proper brain development

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:52
Normal brain development requires a precise interplay between neuronal and non-neuronal (also called glial) cells.

Many people are overestimating their risk of becoming seriously ill and dying from COVID-19

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:47
A new National Science Foundation-funded survey of six states has found that during the past two months, more people are wearing masks, vaccine uncertainty is on the rise, and many people are overestimating their risk of becoming seriously ill and dying from COVID-19.

Researchers test the effect of meditation techniques as potential training tool for BCI control

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:35
A BCI is an apparatus that allows an individual to control a machine or computer directly from their brain.Non-invasive means of control like electroencephalogram (EEG) readings taken through the skull are safe and convenient compared to more risky invasive methods using a brain implant, but they take longer to learn and users ultimately vary in proficiency.

Combination of alcohol and nicotine during pregnancy increases health risk in newborns

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:28
University of Houston researchers have found that during early pregnancy, the mix of alcohol and nicotine significantly alters the gene regulatory pathways of the developing fetus, which can lead to major deficiencies in brain development.

Siemens’ SARS-CoV-2 antibody immunoassays meet regulatory targets

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:24
New research being presented at the ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID, online 23-25 September) shows that, in a head-to-head comparison of five tests used to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (known as 'immunoassays'), an assay manufactured by Siemens and one developed by an academic partnership led by the University of Oxford had the most accurate results.

Gruthan Bioscience to develop new class of cholesterol-lowering drugs

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 10:19
Gruthan Bioscience, LLC, a Medical University of South Carolina startup based in Charleston, South Carolina, received a Small Business technology Transfer (STTR) award from the National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute in August to take the next step in developing a novel class of cholesterol-lowering drugs to treat familial hypercholesterolemia.