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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 48 min 14 sec ago

Research shows that e-cigarettes serve as gateway to traditional smoking

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 13:31
Young adults who use electronic cigarettes are more than four times as likely to begin smoking tobacco cigarettes within 18 months as their peers who do not vape, according to new University of Pittsburgh research.

New genetic model identified for predicting outcomes in patients primary myelofibrosis

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 12:14
A group of investigators from Mayo Clinic and multiple academic research centers in Italy have identified a genetic model for predicting outcomes in patients with primary myelofibrosis who are 70 years or younger and candidates for stem cell transplant to treat their disease.

New methodology developed to capture human rights dimensions in public health work

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 11:48
When measuring the success of public health work -- from immunizations to family planning services -- experts rely on sets of standardized indicators. But these indicators often neglect the voices and human rights of people who use the services, according to USC researchers.

Canola oil linked to worsening of Alzheimer’s

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 11:33
Canola oil has been marketed as a healthy cooking oil choice because of the low levels of saturated fats that is seen in it. Now a new study has revealed that consumption of canola oil could be linked to worsening of memory functions and learning ability in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.

Bi-annual MRI beats mammograms in detecting breast cancer among women with genetic risk

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 11:29
Intensive surveillance including a dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) exam every six months was far more effective in detecting breast cancer in younger women with a high-risk genetic profile than an annual mammogram, according to a research team based at the University of Chicago Medicine and the University of Washington, Seattle.

Two immunotherapy approaches for multiple myeloma show hope

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 11:27
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center have developed two experimental immunotherapy methods that include one chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy for the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who were not responding to other treatments.

Study highlights potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in health care settings

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 10:27
The first analysis of the carbon footprint of surgical suites at three hospitals in the UK, Canada and the USA highlights that the choice of anesthetic gases used in surgery can be a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions from operating theaters.

Cancer risk with birth control pills emerges again in latest study

Mon, 12/11/2017 - 06:22
A large published study that was reported in the journal New England Journal of Medicine, showed that there is a small but significant risk of breast cancer associated with regular use of hormonal birth control pills.

Discrimination experiences affect health of both people in relationship

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 10:24
Discrimination not only harms the health and well-being of the victim, but the victim's romantic partner as well, indicates new research led by a Michigan State University scholar.

Mount Sinai study uses adaptive optics to examine retinal eye damage from solar eclipse

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 10:18
In a first-of-its-kind study, Mount Sinai researchers are using adaptive optics (AO) to analyze retinal eye damage from the August solar eclipse on a cellular level. The research could help doctors develop a deeper understanding of this rare condition, called solar retinopathy, which has no currently accepted treatment.

Many discarded donor kidneys could be used for transplantation

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 10:12
When researchers examined information on pairs of kidneys from the same donor in which 1 kidney was used but the other was discarded, the kidneys that were used tended to perform well even though they were similar in quality to their partner kidneys that were not used.

Anti-impotence drug found to be ineffective at improving outcomes for IUGR pregnancies

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 10:07
A University of Liverpool led international clinical trial has found an anti-impotence drug to be ineffective at improving outcomes for pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction.

Salk scientists unravel mystery about how the spinal cord deals with different information

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 10:03
We think of our brain as masterminding all of our actions, but a surprising amount of information related to movement gets processed by our spinal cord.

Study estimates number of Americans with preclinical Alzheimer's or mild cognitive impairment

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 09:41
About 15 million Americans will have either Alzheimer's dementia or mild cognitive impairment by 2060, up from approximately 6.08 million this year, according to a new study by researchers at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Study: Unusual neuroinflammation may underlie cognitive problems in cART-treated HIV patients

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 08:51
Although combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival of patients infected with HIV and has reduced the incidence of severe neurologic complications, almost half of cART-treated HIV patients experience some degree of neurocognitive impairment (neuroHIV).

New research explores innovative ways to deal with self-harming behavior

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 08:45
New ways of enhancing online support to deal with self-harming behaviour are being explored by the University of Strathclyde, in collaboration with Scottish mental health charity Health in Mind.

Simple molecular test may help predict presence of high-grade pancreatic cancers

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 08:37
A report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, describes a new simple molecular test to detect chromosomal abnormalities -- biomarkers known as telomere fusions--in pancreatic tumor specimens and pancreatic cyst fluids.

Study finds mechanism of resistance to checkpoint inhibitors and way to reverse it

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 08:31
Researchers have discovered a mechanism of resistance to checkpoint inhibitors and how to reverse it. The biomarker results from the IMvigor210 study are reported at the ESMO Immuno Oncology Congress 2017.

3D mammography may help rein in cancer screening costs

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 08:20
Although digital breast tomosynthesis, or 3-D mammography, costs more than a digital mammography screening, it actually may help rein in cancer screening costs, according to preliminary findings presented by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania during the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Study shows how electrical stimulation in the brain instructs appropriate response

Sat, 12/09/2017 - 06:26
The brain's complex network of neurons enables us to interpret and effortlessly navigate and interact with the world around us.