International Journal of Biomedicine. 2020;10(4):442-447.
Originally published December 10, 2020
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) and emotional functioning are important parameters of weight-loss motivation. The aim of this study was to identify the association between emotional/personal characteristics and HRQL in adolescents with overweight and obesity.
Methods and Results: Our cross-sectional case-control study included 172 adolescents: 19 of them overweight, 67 obese, and 86 healthy. We measured anthropometry and performed a psychological examination (PedsQL 4.0, The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, and Personality inventory Mini-SMIL). Negative correlations prevailed between PedsQL scales and psychological traits of healthy adolescents: increases in anxiety, covert anger, and depression were associated with a decrease of HRQL (Total Scale Scores, Psychosocial Health Score, Physical Health Score, and Emotional, Social and School functioning). The psychological impairment (Irritability, Resentment, Guilt, Covert anger) positively correlated with a change in HRQL (Total Scale Scores, Psychosocial Health Score, and Physical Health Score) in obese adolescents.
Conclusion: Obese adolescents had an inadequate association between HRQL and emotional state: the accumulation of anxiety and aggression was accompanied by an increase in HRQL. These difficulties can be a barrier to having treatment and weight-loss motivation.
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Received September 18, 2020.
Accepted October 17, 2020.
©2020 International Medical Research and Development Corporation.