Direct Pharmacological Correction of Oxidative Stress in Rat Kidneys Does Not Facilitate Diabetic Nephropathy

A. Yu. Zharikov, S.O. Filinova, O. N. Mazko, O. G. Makarova, I. P. Bobrov

International Journal of Biomedicine. 2021;11(3):296-300.
DOI: 10.21103/Article11(3)_OA8
Originally published September 9, 2021


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of alpha-tocopherol acetate (ATA) on the activity of free-radical oxidation (FRO) in renal tissue and renal function in rats with experimental streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM).
Methods and Results: Experiments were conducted on 22 male Wistar rats aged 60-100 days and weighing 250-300g. The animals were divided into two groups (Group 1 (control)  and Group 2 (experimental. To induce DM, the animals were injected intraperitoneally 1ml of STZ solution in the citrate buffer at a dose of 65mg/kg. For more selective modeling of type 2 DM, the rats were previously injected with an intraperitoneal solution of cytoflavin based on a nicotinamide dose of 115mg/kg In Croup 2, ATA was administered in the period from the fifth to eighth weeks, inclusive, intragastrically through a tube at a daily dose of 300mg/kg.
Experiments showed that after a 4-week course of ATA, the concentration of thiobarbiturate-reactive products in the kidney tissues of the rats in Group 2 was 5.3 times lower than in Group 1. The activity of all antioxidant enzymes did not differ between the two groups. In both groups, during all 8 weeks of the experiment, the levels of renal excretion of glucose, protein, and creatinine significantly exceeded the initial level, while the level of diuresis remained stable.
Conclusion: The long-term administration of ATA in experimental streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM is accompanied by a significant suppression of the activity of the FRO processes in the kidneys, but does not lead to an improvement in the course of DN.

kidneys • diabetic nephropathy • tocopherol acetate • oxidative stress
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Received June 11, 2021.
Accepted July 22, 2021.
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