International Journal of Biomedicine. 2021;11(3):346-350.
Originally published September 9, 2021
The purpose of our research was to determine the detection frequency of 12 high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are planning pregnancy and to assess the results of colposcopy and the state of the cervix in these women, depending on the presence of HPV.
Methods and Results: We examined 31 women with HIV infection who sought pregnancy-planning advice at Scientific Center for Family Health and Human Reproduction Problems in Irkutsk during 2014-2015. All HIV-infected women were tested for the presence of high-risk HPV DNA in the epithelium of the cervical canal by PCR. Material for cytological examination (PAP test) was collected during gynecological examination. PAP tests were assessed according to the Bethesda system. All changes were divided into two types: ASCUS and SIL, the last was in its turn divided into two categories: LSIL and HSIL.
The frequency of HPV detection in HIV-infected women planning pregnancy was 71%. HPV 16 was found in 16(51.6%) HIV-infected women and ranked first in frequency among 12 types of HPV. HPV 33 and HPV 35 were found in 15(48.4%) and 12(38.7%) HIV-infected women, respectively, and ranked the second and third in frequency among 12 HPV types. We compared abnormal colposcopy results in two groups of patients with HIV infection: Group 1 (n=22) included women with HPV and Group 2 (n=9) included women without HPV. ASCUS was detected in all patients of Group 1 (100%) and in 6(66.7%) women of Group 2. Two women (9.1%) from Group 1 were diagnosed with LSIL and 10(45.5%) women with HSIL.
Conclusion: HIV-infected women planning pregnancy and living in Irkutsk form a group at high-risk of HPV infection.
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Received May 14, 2021.
Accepted July 1, 2021.
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