International Journal of Biomedicine. 2019;9(3):266-268.
Originally published September 15, 2019
Background: The spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among the population of the Russian Federation, as well as throughout the world, today remains an urgent problem for health care in general and for doctors of various specialties. The importance of the problem of STIs is caused not only by their distribution, but also by the adverse consequences in the form of severe complications, such as infertility, pathology of pregnancy and childbirth. The purpose of this study was to justify and develop medical and social health measures aimed at improving the health indicators of young STI patients based on a comprehensive socio-hygienic study of their health status and lifestyle, according to information from the Yakut Republican Dermato-Venerologic Dispensary.
Materials and Methods: In order to obtain representative results in the study of health status, socio-hygienic characteristics of lifestyle, and organization of medical care under supervision, 485 patients with STIs, aged between 18 and 29 years, were included in the main group. To determine the factors contributing to the occurrence of STIs among the population, the control group (n=415) of healthy people was formed.
Results: The results obtained lead to the conclusion that the main age group at risk for STIs is the 25-29 group. Patients with chronic forms of STIs are more likely to have complications in the form of various inflammatory diseases of the urogenital sphere. Marital status is characterized by the absence of strong marital relations the majority of STI patients had multiple and casual sex. Among this cohort of patients, alcohol consumption was more often recorded. The incidence of young STI patients was influenced by unfavorable socio-hygienic lifestyle factors, among which the most significant were low medical behavior (irregular visits to doctors and implementation of their recommendations), poor family relationships (conflicts with relatives), bad habits (alcohol abuse, drug addiction), and low awareness of STI prevention.
Conclusion: Successful recovery of health is largely determined by the implementation of rehabilitation measures. Medical and social rehabilitation of STI patients should be based on medical, social and psychological measures.
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Received May 25, 2019.
Accepted July 12, 2019.
©2019 International Medical Research and Development Corporation.