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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 55 min 14 sec ago

Compounds isolated from rattlesnake's venom show promise to fight against hepatitis C

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:39
A group of Brazilian scientists achieved promising results using isolated compounds from the venom of the South American rattlesnake in combat of hepatitis C.

Black patients found to be underrepresented in prostate cancer clinical trials

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:34
Clinical trials can offer patients access to cutting-edge treatments with the potential to extend their survival and shape the standard of care in the future.

Human antibodies against malaria parasite can prevent spread of disease

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:29
Malaria is a disease that spreads incredibly efficiently. The antimalarial medicines that are currently used cannot do much to stop this, because the parasites remain in the patient's blood for a long time after treatment.

HDAC6 inhibition could be promising therapeutic approach for peripheral neuropathies

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:20
Inhibiting HDAC6 improves the structural stability of cells and protects against neuronal damage. Leuven research uncovered that targeting this mechanism could be a promising therapeutic approach for peripheral neuropathies, whether due to Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) or as a side effect of chemotherapy.

Human iPS cell-derived inner ear cells may improve hereditary hearing loss

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:12
A Japanese research group has successfully grafted human iPS cell-derived inner ear cells that express human-derived proteins into the inner ears of embryonic mice.

Researchers fabricate artificial device mimicking blood-brain barrier

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 08:04
Researchers at IIT-Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia fabricated an artificial device reproducing a 1:1 scale model of the blood-brain barrier, the anatomical and functional structure that protects the central nervous system from external substances, such as contaminants, but also drugs when they are injected intravenously into the body.

QUT researchers identify drug that could reverse brain deficits caused by alcohol

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 23:43
Queensland University of Technology researchers have identified a drug that could potentially help our brains reboot and reverse the damaging impacts of heavy alcohol consumption on regeneration of brain cells.

Mobile health units may offer viable approach for adolescents to obtain sexual health services

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 23:15
Mobile health units may offer a viable approach for helping adolescents access sexual and health services, including contraception.

Outcomes have improved for alternatives to whole liver transplants in children, study finds

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 23:08
In a new Johns Hopkins study of patient and graft survival trends for pediatric liver transplant recipients between 2002 and 2015, researchers found that outcomes for alternatives to whole liver transplantation, such as splitting a liver for two recipients or using a part of a liver from a living donor, have improved significantly.

Researchers reveal several risk factors that elevate stroke risk among women

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 22:58
Stroke disproportionately affects more women than men. It is the third leading cause of death in women in the United States, is a leading cause of disability and affects 55,000 more women than men each year.

Study finds new stem cell pathway that allows triple-negative breast cancer to thrive

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 22:53
Cleveland Clinic researchers have published findings in Nature Communications on a new stem cell pathway that allows a highly aggressive form of breast cancer - triple-negative breast cancer - to thrive.

Biomedical engineers develop miniature self-sealing wound model

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 22:46
Biomedical engineers have developed a miniature self-sealing model system for studying bleeding and the clotting of wounds. The researchers envision the device as a drug discovery platform and potential diagnostic tool.

Study helps explain why people feel hungrier after weight loss

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 21:12
A new study has helped to explain why people who lose a lot of weight find it difficult to maintain a healthy diet in the long term.

Special protein improves survival and lung function of mice with influenza, study shows

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:56
GM-CSF, a protein that modifies the immune response to the flu, may also help reduce lung inflammation and improve survival during influenza, according to Penn State researchers.

International research collaboration finds genetic mutation linked to Crohn's disease

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:49
A genetic mutation was found to be associated with Crohn's disease. The discovery was made by international research collaboration and was published in the prestigious journal Science Translational Medicine.

Infant's scores on Apgar scale can predict risk of cerebral palsy or epilepsy

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:44
An infant's scores on the so-called Apgar scale can predict the risk of a later diagnosis of cerebral palsy or epilepsy. The risk rises with decreasing Apgar score, but even slightly lowered scores can be linked to a higher risk of these diagnoses, according to an extensive observational study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the esteemed journal The BMJ.

Researchers describe human blood-nerve barrier transcriptome for the first time

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:41
Human peripheral nerves -- all the nerves outside of the central nervous system -- are protected by the blood-nerve barrier. This is a tight covering of endothelial cells that maintains the microenvironment within the nerves by restricting the amounts or types of water, ions, solutes and nutrients that can reach the axons, or electric cables within the nerves, from the blood circulation system.

Symptoms of alcoholism affect prescription drug adherence to treat disease

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:24
Symptoms of alcoholism make it more difficult for some people to regularly take the prescription drug naltrexone, which could help treat their disease, a researcher at Oregon State University has found.

Patented titanium fiber plates for medical use put to test in animal model

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:17
For the first time, patented titanium fiber plates developed by Japanese engineers for medical use were put to the test in an animal model.

Research project succeeds in palliating kidney disease caused by diabetes in mice

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 19:05
Diabetes has become a major health problem worldwide; some estimates suggest that in twenty years' time there will be around 600 million diabetics. The disease is caused by impaired insulin secretion, which in turn hinders cell glucose uptake; as a result, sugar levels in the bloodstream remain excessively high.