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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 15 min 9 sec ago

Managing nontraditional risk factors to improve outcomes after cancer surgery

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 11:01
In a study of 142 patients preparing for cancer surgery, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have evidence that psychological or social risk factors such as depression, limited resilience and lack of emergency resources along with standard medical risk factors such as high blood pressure or diabetes are linked with higher risks of surgical complications.

Computational model of the human kidney could provide safer tests for new drugs

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 10:58
A University of Waterloo researcher has spearheaded the development of the first computational model of the human kidney.

Colorectal cancer diagnosed at early age is distinct from that in older patients

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 10:54
New research indicates that colorectal cancer diagnosed at an early age has clinical and genetic features that are different from those seen in traditional colorectal cancer diagnosed later in life. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also revealed certain unique features in especially young patients and those with predisposing conditions.

Study: Mobile device use does not reduce time for shared family activities

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 01:49
The first study of the impact of digital mobile devices on different aspects of family time in the UK has found that children are spending more time at home with their parents rather than less - but not in shared activities such as watching tv and eating.

Smoking during pregnancy increases SUID risk

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 01:47
The first findings to result from a collaboration between Seattle Children's Research Institute and Microsoft data scientists provides expecting mothers new information about how smoking before and during pregnancy contributes to the risk of an infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly before their first birthday.

Major trial of hospital cleaning practices reduces infections

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 01:42
A major trial of a bundle of hospital cleaning practices in 11 Australian hospitals has made significant reductions in healthcare-associated infections and demonstrated cost-benefits.

Study: Women are diagnosed for diseases later in life than men

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 01:36
When men and women contract a disease, it is very different when this is discovered by the healthcare system. On average, women are diagnosed later in life than men.

New non-invasive imaging device can quickly detect signs of Alzheimer's disease

Tue, 03/12/2019 - 01:32
Researchers from the Duke Eye Center have shown that a new, non-invasive imaging device can see signs of Alzheimer's disease in a matter of seconds.

Building muscle strength may be one way to lower risk for type 2 diabetes

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 23:17
Of the 30 million Americans with diabetes, 90 to 95 percent have type 2, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Air pollutants may damage fetal cardiovascular development

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 23:12
Microscopic particles in air pollution inhaled by pregnant women may damage fetal cardiovascular development, according to a study by Rutgers researchers.

Mental health of students could be improved by introducing mindfulness training

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 23:04
Mental health amongst university students could be improved by introducing mindfulness training. These are the findings from the first UK study, published in Education Research International, to measure the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on students.

Researchers identify novel regulatory factor in bone formation

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 22:37
Researchers report the identification of a novel transcription factor that helps regulate the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into bone in mice.

Study finds higher risk of head injuries in persons with Alzheimer’s disease

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 18:21
Persons with Alzheimer’s disease have approximately 30% higher risk of head injuries, and 50% higher risk of traumatic brain injuries than persons without Alzheimer’s disease, a recent study from University of Eastern Finland shows.

Medical treatment for gestational diabetes could prevent long-term complications in children

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 16:46
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that women taking metformin and/or insulin during gestational diabetes could reduce the risk of long-term complications for their child.

Study: Illnesses and injuries related to working in Illinois mines go underreported

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:50
Illnesses and injuries associated with working in Illinois mines are substantially underreported to the federal agency tasked with tracking these events, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

$2.7 million grant supports UIC researchers to study role of arsenic in development of diabetes

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:45
A five-year, $2.7 million grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences will help researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago answer basic questions about the role of arsenic in the development of diabetes and examine the mechanisms by which selenoproteins – found in the human body in 25 different forms – counter the effects of arsenic.

Review of research evidence suggests increased suicide rates in high-altitude areas

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:36
High-altitude areas-; particularly the US intermountain states-; have increased rates of suicide and depression, suggests a review of research evidence in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

UAB study finds link between older stored blood transfusions and bacterial pneumonia

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:25
Human blood from donors can be stored for use up to 42 days, and it is a mainstay therapy in transfusion medicine. However, recent studies looking back at patient records have shown that transfusion with older, stored blood is associated with adverse effects.

Standard tests for dehydration do not work for older people living in care homes

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:07
Standard tests used to identify dehydration are not working for older people living in care homes - according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Precision cancer drugs spark powerful immune response and boost effects of immunotherapy

Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:04
Precision cancer drugs called PARP inhibitors have a previously unknown ability to boost the immune system, and could help many more patients benefit from immunotherapy, a new study reveals.