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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 17 min 58 sec ago

Parkinson's patients who show depression symptoms may actually have demoralization, study says

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 17:34
People with Parkinson's disease who show signs of depression may actually have a condition called demoralization, according to a study published in the April 4, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. That study found demoralization may be common in Parkinson's disease.

Study suggests Tai Chi as low-cost alternative to pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD patients

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 17:26
Finding ways to help patients with COPD improve their functional status is an area of interest for pulmonary healthcare providers. Currently, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is used where available to improve exercise capacity and quality of life, but the treatment requires access to trained staff and specialized facilities.

Analysis does not reveal consistent link between NSAIDs use and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 17:21
Contrary to generally accepted belief, a recent review and analysis of published studies did not reveal a consistent association between the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or acetaminophen and exacerbation of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Anti-TNF medications appear to be safe for use during pregnancy, study shows

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 17:02
Anti-tumor necrosis factor medications are effective in controlling chronic inflammatory diseases, but some physicians recommend that their patients discontinue them during pregnancy.

Study shows link between urinary incontinence and negative sexual health outcomes

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 15:28
In a new BJU International study, women with urinary incontinence reported declines in sexual activity and arousal over the last year, and they expressed increased concern about their frequency of sexual activity and ability to become sexually aroused. Men with urinary incontinence reported declines in sexual desire, increased erectile and orgasm difficulties, and concern about these sexual functions.

Research finds breast lesions in transmen undergoing mastectomy

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 15:23
The number of transmen seeking gender-confirming surgery has risen in the past decade. In a paper published in the British Journal of Surgery analyzing breast tissue from 344 transmen undergoing mastectomy, breast lesions--either benign or malignant--were present in 166 individuals (48.3%).

Study shows new health benefits in berry pigment

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 15:18
Naturally occurring pigments in berries, also known as anthocyanins, increase the function of the sirtuin 6 enzyme in cancer cells, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The regulation of this enzyme could open up new avenues for cancer treatment. The findings were published in Scientific Reports.

Scientists develop new drug for treating skin lesions in rare intractable disease

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 15:12
Scientists at Osaka University developed a new drug treating skin lesions in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a rare intractable disease, a world first.

Researchers find unexpected anti-inflammatory effects in PCSK9 inhibitors

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 15:03
PCSK9 inhibition is a new therapeutic strategy for atherosclerosis which is known to lower LDL cholesterol.

Poverty linked to increased risk of death and disability from NCDs in lower income countries

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 13:42
Poverty increases the risk of death and disability from non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, stroke and diabetes in low- and middle-income countries, a new systematic review shows. Researchers also found evidence that developing an NCD increases the risk of falling into poverty in these countries.

Researchers find potential remedy that could restore hearing for millions

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 13:32
Researchers at USC and Harvard have developed a new approach to repair cells deep inside the ear -- a potential remedy that could restore hearing for millions of elderly people and others who suffer hearing loss.

New artificial enzyme uses visible light to kill bacteria

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 13:21
Researchers from RMIT University have developed a new artificial enzyme that uses light to kill bacteria.

First-in-human clinical trial of retinal implant to treat dry AMD

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 13:12
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects more than 1.75 million individuals in the United States. Because the population is aging, that number will increase to almost 3 million by 2020. Between 80 and 90 percent of cases in this country are the dry version of the condition, for which no effective treatment exists.

Two new studies highlight GABA's importance in type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 12:50
Dynamic interactions between the nervous system, hormones and the immune system are normally on-going but in diabetes the balance is disturbed.

Facebook detox for reduced stress and increased happiness

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 10:32
Of late Facebook has been under a lot of scrutiny – from breaches of privacy policies to stress arising from excess time spent on the social media site. The impact of Facebook on mental and physical health has been studied over the past few years since the social media trend has caught on, much of its effects on our mental well-being is still poorly understood.

Moderate amounts of pasta in diet leads to weight loss

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 09:48
Pasta and other foods rich in carbohydrates have long been removed from weight loss diets. According to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto, pasta could actually be a valid component of a dieting routine.moderate amounts of pasta in diet leads to weight loss

Novel method enables researchers to see interaction of star-shaped brain cells in real time

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 09:03
An advance by UCLA neuroscientists could lead to a better understanding of astrocytes, a star-shaped brain cell believed to play a key role in neurological disorders like Lou Gehrig's, Alzheimer's and Huntington's disease.

Microscopic revelations could lead to new treatment options for deadly blood infections

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 09:00
Researchers at the University of Calgary's Cumming School of Medicine (CSM) have for the first time been able to observe -- live and in real-time -- how the human body responds to often lethal fungal blood infections in the lung.

New project aims to systematically study connections between different areas of the brain

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 08:57
Hosted by Charité - Universitatsmedizin Berlin, the TrueBrainConnect project aims to systematically study connections between different areas of the brain, and hopes to draw conclusions regarding potential disease patterns.

Largest-ever study to examine anatomical alterations in the brains of epilepsy patients

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 08:51
An international research consortium used neuroimaging techniques to analyze the brains of more than 3,800 volunteers in different countries. The largest study of its kind ever conducted set out to investigate anatomical similarities and differences in the brains of individuals with different types of epilepsy and to seek markers that could help with prognosis and treatment.

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