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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 19 min 49 sec ago

Researchers show how to personalize treatments for patients with COPD

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 12:53
Patients with COPD are treated with drugs to improve the breathing ability in combination with inhaled corticosteroids to reduce the risk of acute worsening of the lung conditions.

Large UK study examines impact of Delta variant on viral burden and vaccine effectiveness

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 12:18
Now, a new study published on the medRxiv* preprint server focused on determining the effectiveness of the BNT162b2, ChAdOx1, and mRNA-1273 vaccines by conducting SARS-CoV-2 PCR-positive tests.

Review highlights similarities between long COVID and chronic fatigue syndrome

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 12:06
A team of researchers, including two from Johns Hopkins Medicine, have published a review article highlighting similarities between certain lingering symptoms following COVID-19 illness — a condition called "long COVID" — and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), a debilitating, complex disorder previously known as chronic fatigue syndrome.

Periods before and between pregnancies are key times to address preeclampsia risk, study finds

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 11:54
Preeclampsia — a complication that occurs in about 1 in every 25 pregnancies in the United States — is characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to an organ system, most often the liver or kidneys.

Two mRNA vaccines are effective even without post-shot symptoms or prior SARS-CoV-2 infection

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 11:45
Vaccination with the two messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, yields a robust antibody response, even if a person did not develop significant symptoms following vaccination or did not have a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Researchers identify potential new treatment for osteoarthritis

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 11:01
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating joint disease that affects millions of individuals worldwide. Common in the older adult population, OA is associated with loss of cartilage over time.

Research offers new insight into how to treat endometriosis

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 10:59
Endometriosis is a painful, chronic condition in which tissue from the uterus inappropriately grows outside the uterus.

Hyfe’s smartphone cough-tracking app used in a groundbreaking epidemiological research

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 10:50
Hyfe, a cough monitoring smartphone app and digital diagnostics tool developed by an international team of scientists and public health professionals, recently announced that their technology is now being incorporated into groundbreaking research in Spain in partnership with the University of Navarra, and involving over 800 participants.

Athletes with history of concussions may show subtle and chronic brain changes

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 10:35
A new study suggests athletes with a history of concussion may show more brain injury from a later concussion, particularly in middle regions of the brain that are more susceptible to damage, when compared to athletes with no history of concussion.

Motor control in older adults may be exacerbated by age-related executive functioning decline

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 10:31
Aging-US published "Cognition and action: a latent variable approach to study contributions of executive functions to motor control in older adults" which reported that Aging is associated with profound alterations in motor control that may be exacerbated by age-related executive functioning decline.

Could soluble CD24 offer some hope against severe COVID-19?

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 10:01
A recent randomized phase III trial conducted by researchers at the Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, US, evaluated the impact of CD24Fc in severe COVID-19 patients and showed promising clinical efficacy. This study is available as a preprint on the medRxiv* server.

Study examines impact of COVID pandemic on birth outcomes in Wales

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 09:18
Researchers in the UK have looked at the impact of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic on the population birth outcomes in 2020, detailing the experiences of the expectant mothers from immunization rates for babies to self-reported levels of stress and anxiety in the mothers, compared to pre-COVID years.

SARS-CoV-2 alpha variant increased COVID-19 severity in Scotland's 3rd wave

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 08:37
A team of UK-based scientists has recently revealed that the alpha variant (B.1.1.7) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the third pandemic wave in Scotland and that the variant is associated with more severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study is currently available on the medRxiv* preprint server.

Child mortality in England dropped significantly during COVID-19 pandemic

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 08:18
In a study conducted at Cardiff University and the University of Bristol, UK, scientists have observed that in England, the all-cause child mortality rate has dropped significantly during the first year of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic compared to that in the pre-pandemic year. The highest reduction in mortality rate has been observed in children under the age of 10 years. The study is currently available on the medRxiv* preprint server.

Study shows school closures can be minimized by regular testing and vaccination against COVID-19

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 07:55
A new study discusses a novel model to determine age-specific differences in susceptibility of infection, contact patterns, and contagiousness to COVID-19.

An existing drug may function as targeted therapy for ALL in children

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 07:35
A new study from Linköping University has shown that the tumour-inhibiting gene TET2 is silenced in a large fraction of cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.

AHA special issue focuses on health disparities among racial, ethnic communities

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 07:28
Poverty and Black race were associated with higher rates of lower leg amputation among people with peripheral artery disease who live in metropolitan areas, according to new research published today in a special issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association, an open access journal of the American Heart Association.

People with childhood trauma feel more euphoric when using morphine

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 07:11
People who experienced childhood trauma get a more pleasurable 'high' from morphine, new research suggests.

PROFID project aims to personalize prevention of sudden cardiac death after myocardial infarction

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 07:02
The largest analysis aimed at more accurately predicting the risk of sudden cardiac death after myocardial infarction is presented in late breaking results from the PROFID consortium at ESC Congress 2021.

MSK researchers identify potential biomarker of response to checkpoint immunotherapy

Thu, 08/26/2021 - 06:52
In recent years, immune-based treatments for cancer have buoyed the hopes of doctors and patients alike. Drugs called immune checkpoint inhibitors have provided lifesaving benefits to a growing list of people with several types of cancer, including melanoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, and many more.