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Updated: 1 min 35 sec ago

Free radicals from immune cells linked to salt-sensitive hypertension

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 17:16
In salt-sensitive hypertension, immune cells gather in the kidneys and shoot out free radicals, heightening blood pressure and damaging this pair of vital organs, scientists report.

Australian scientists grow live coronavirus virus

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 12:41
The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is rapidly spreading across the globe, with the highest magnitude taking a toll on mainland China. Scientists are racing to find a vaccine or a treatment to help contain the virus spread. Now, a team of scientists and health experts in Australia may have found a breakthrough to fight the deadly virus.

Novel melatonin receptor molecules potentially address circadian rhythm disturbances

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 09:18
Like breathing or blinking, behaviors regulated by our circadian rhythms, such as digestion and sleep-wake cycles, go unnoticed by most people.

Finding a cure for canine gliomas may help find treatment for human brain cancer

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 09:00
Cancer research using experimental models--everything from cancer cells in a dish to patient tumors transplanted in mice--has been extremely useful for learning more about the disease and how we might treat it.

China's One-Child Policy has beneficial effect on women's education

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 08:53
Women's educational attainment has increased tremendously and even exceeded men's all over the world in the late 20th century.

Bats' fierce immune response to viruses could drive zoonotic emergence

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 08:49
It's no coincidence that some of the worst viral disease outbreaks in recent years -- SARS, MERS, Ebola, Marburg and likely the newly arrived 2019-nCoV virus -- originated in bats.

Removing 'non-contrast enhancing tumor' may boost survival of glioblastoma patients

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 08:33
Survival may more than double for adults with glioblastoma, the most common and deadly type of brain tumor, if neurosurgeons remove the surrounding tissue as aggressively as they remove the cancerous core of the tumor.

Most vulnerable patients are not reimbursed fairly by Medicare, research finds

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 08:22
Hospitals, doctors and Medicare Advantage insurance plans that care for some of the most vulnerable patients are not reimbursed fairly by Medicare, according to recent findings in JAMA.

Western diet rich in fat and sugar may lead to inflammatory skin diseases

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 08:07
A Western diet rich in fat and sugar may lead to inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis, a study by UC Davis Health researchers has found.

Depression treatment using AI, brain scans

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 06:36
Artificial intelligence (AI) may be a useful and even essential tool in selecting the best treatment for depression, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Biotechnology on February 2020.

Nerve insulation renewed to create long-term learning

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 06:24
A new study published in February 2020, in the journal Nature Neuroscience, shows that short-term learning occurs rapidly, but for it to become a long-term memory, brain cells must form more myelin, an insulating fatty material.

Finding the origins of angiosarcoma

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 06:09
In a new study published in the journal Nature Medicine on February 2020, scientists report some newly discovered reasons for the occurrence of a rare blood vessel wall cancer called angiosarcoma. This could one day help develop better therapies for this aggressive tumor. The project is a striking example of unexpectedly rich findings from a crowd-sourced venture that brings together a scattered group of patients with a rare disease.

First artificial enzyme with non-biological catalytic sites created

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 05:50
A new study published in the journal Nature Catalysis on February 10, 2020, reports the creation of a new artificial enzyme from two components, both non-biological in origin. This event marks the first such successful biological catalyst to contain a non-biological active site. The study shows that this type of synergistic combination of an amino acid not found in nature with a copper-based catalyst is capable of powerful catalytic action, unlike most other artificial enzymes.

New method to treat cancer with iron oxide nanoparticles

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 05:06
The concept is based on the interaction of resonant semiconductor iron oxide Fe2O3 nanoparticles with light. Particles previously loaded with the antitumor drug are injected in vivo and further accumulate at the tumor areas.

Metformin could help leaky gut

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 05:01
A team of researchers from University of California, San Diego, have successfully used gut organoids in their lab to show the effects of medications to treat conditions such as “leaky gut”. The study was titled, “The stress polarity signaling (SPS) pathway serves as a marker and a target in the leaky gut barrier: implications in aging and cancer,” and was published in the journal Life Science Alliance today.

Seurat publishes preclinical studies of intranasal IGF-1 in rat model of migraine headaches

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 04:57
Seurat Therapeutics, Inc. announced today the publication of preclinical studies of its lead product candidate, intranasal insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), in a rat model of migraine headaches, in the scientific journal Brain Research.

New summary report highlights advances and challenges in small cell lung cancer research

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 04:50
In 2017, a group of lung cancer experts posed the question: "Can recent advances in tumor biology that have led to progress treating non-small cell lung cancer translate into improved outcomes for small cell lung cancer?"

Novel method to spot melanoma may save lives

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 04:39
A new method to detect melanoma cancer cells circulating in the blood may be the key to detecting deadly cancer early and saving lives, a new study says.

Research uncovers protective role of astrocytes in sporadic motor neuron disease

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 03:47
Support cells in the nervous system help protect motor neurons in the early-stages of sporadic motor neuron disease, according to new research from the Crick and UCL.

Implementing cancer education in school curriculum could pay off in the long run

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 03:42
A new study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers suggests that implementing cancer education curricula in middle and high schools may improve cancer literacy in Kentuckians and ultimately help reduce cancer rates.

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